water leakage Articles

  • Feeling the Pressure to Reduce Leakage?

    Water is a resource that is often taken for granted. As we see the effects of climate change and population growth, the challenges we will face regarding water supply and availability will only increase. Examples of this are beginning to surface extensively in many areas of the world. In Adelaide, Australia, the Murray River has long supplied Adelaide with its source of water however the Murray ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Specifying allowable leakage rates

    Introduction Allowable Leakage Rates or Action Leakage Rates (ALRs) are specified for installed geomembranes to quantify the maximum allowable liquid leakage. If the ALR is exceeded, corrective action must be taken to reduce the leakage rate below the set limit. To lower the leakage, the holes in the geomembrane are located and repaired. In some cases, the ALR is set so low that, ...

  • Leakage–pressure relationship and leakage detection in intermittent water distribution systems

    Field investigations were conducted to identify the relationship between leakage rate and pressure in selected areas of the water distribution system of the Holy City of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Noise correlators were used to detect leaks in areas where the water leakage exceeded 20% of the total water supplied. The leakage rate was found to be related to pressure raised to the nth power. The value ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electronic Water Meter For Leakage Repair - Case Study

    Every year, EMS (Energy Management System) produces and markets smart electronic water meters (domestic/ bulk), wireless transmission data logger (GSM/ GPRS), and advanced AMR (Automatic Metering Reading) systems. Unlike traditional mechanical water meter, the magnet-free electronic smart water meter with class C (CNS 14866) metrological performance can maintain 12 years battery lifespan. With a ...

  • Malta: Use of leakage control in water management strategy

    The Maltese islands, like other parts of the Mediterranean area is an area of acute water shortage. Leakage control has been developed to become a strategically important component for water resource management, and has been used to reach an optimum economic balance between water supply and water demand. An ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leakage and failures of water distribution mains in the city of Al Ain, UAE

    A large amount of water is lost from the Al Ain water distribution system due to pipeline breakages that may have links to socio-economic and environmental impacts. The numbers of line failures in the region are too high. This study is an overview of the types and failure factors affecting water lines. Methods of repair and rehabilitation are described. Three case study locations were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pressure Control for Leakage Minimisation in Water Distribution Systems Management

    A model to support decision systems regarding the quantification, location and opening adjustment of control valves in a network system, with the main objective to minimise pressures and consequently leakage levels is developed. This research work aims at a solution that allows simultaneously optimising the number of valves and its location, as well as valves opening adjustments for simulation in ...


    By Springer

  • A genetic algorithm for demand pattern and leakage estimation in a water distribution network

    The sustainable management of water supply networks requires the control of physical pipe leakages, such as those due to junction obsolescence or pipe creeping. These leakages usually increase with the operating pressure, and their discharge is commonly assumed to scale with the power of the pressure. The same functional form is also employed to evaluate leakage occurring in the portion of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reaching economic leakage level through pressure management

    High non-revenue water (NRW) values as a percentage of system input volume form a serious problem that many water utilities worldwide have to confront nowadays. There are ways to mitigate the effect by adopting strategies with short- and long-term results. Water pressure management (PM) is one of the most efficient and effective NRW reduction strategies. To calculate pressure management of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Increasing efficiency with permanent leakage monitoring - Case study

    Abstract In this paper information from Water Authorities in the USA, Europe, Middle East and Australia that have purchased permanent monitoring leak detection equipment is reviewed and the findings are presented in a structured format that covers the following: Justification for permanent monitoring Evaluating the different product offerings Selecting the ...


    By Gutermann AG

  • Detection of Minor Leakage in a Drinking Water Power Plant Pipeline

    Project in the South Tyrolean community Mals in Italy The final pressure test of a 2014 newly installed pipeline m a drinking water power plant in the South Tyrolean community Mals (Italy) showed a pressure loss out of range, which prevented the plant's commissioning. Thus the company MTA Messtechnik GmbH has been tasked to identify the reasons for the losses as quickly as possible ...


    By MTA Messtechnik GmbH

  • A model to simulate leakage through joints in water distribution systems

    The water loss is a phenomenon frequently observed within water distribution systems. A considerable part of water losses occurs either because of the incorrect assembly of joints or because of the fatigue and ageing of the material used to ensure a watertight seal. Moreover, such a leakage is very difficult to detect and to assess. In this work, we present a novel formulation for modelling the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Active leakage control in low pressures - It can be done!

    Leakage and PressureWater when leaving the pipe creates an ‘energy’ and it is this energy that is transferred through the water and the pipe wall by the means of acoustic sound. This acoustic sound depending on the material of the pipe work either dissipates over a long distance or is absorbed very quickly into the pipe wall. The effect being that for metallic or hard walled pipes the sound ...


  • Comparing Leakage Performance using the Frontier Approach

    The choice of the most appropriate indicator to use to compare leakage performance between companies or zones has been the focus of much research and study. The IWA Water Loss Task Force made recommendations (Lambert, 2000) about standardising the terminology and the water balance and then went on to show the short comings of some performance measures. It introduced the concept of the unavoidable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental assessment of pressure–leakage relationship in a water distribution network

    The use of numerical simulations to improve the management of water distribution networks (WDNs) has dramatically increased in recent decades. Nevertheless, the modeling of leakages is still a major issue to face when setting up a model of a WDN. Because water losses increase at increasing pressure, they are usually modeled by assuming a leakage node behaves like an emitter. Unfortunately, a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leakage fault detection in district metered areas of water distribution systems

    Fault tolerance and security in drinking water distribution operations are important issues that have received increased attention in the last few years. In this work the problem of leakage detection is formulated within a systems engineering framework, and a solution methodology to detect leakages in a class of distribution systems is proposed. Specifically, the case where water utilities use ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantification of sewer leakage by a continuous tracer method

    Water authorities interested in the evaluation of the structural state of a sewer must quantify leakage to plan strategic intervention. However, the quantification of the exfiltration and the localisation of structural damage are challenging tasks that usually require expensive and time-consuming inspections. Herein, we report one of the first applications of the QUEST-C method to quantify the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leakage discharge separation from the total water supply flow in water distribution system by constrained independent component analysis (CICA)

    The blind source separation theory was introduced and the trend and amplitude (TAA) model was established in order to overcome the shortcomings of some traditional global leakage discharge analysis models in water distribution systems (WDS). The TAA model considers the leakage discharge as one part of the total water supply flow, consisting of constrained independent component analysis (CICA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • From Hunted to Hunter: How one water company achieved a tenfold decrease in water leakage from 36% to 3.7%

    This is a case study about "Service des eaux de la Ville de Luxembourg", a water company from Luxembourg, who reduced their water leakages through the implementation of new technologies. Ville de Luxembourg has a history of investing in technology to reduce leakages. However, this investment is carefully scrutiniesed and decisions are made using a data led approach. Results have been impressive ...


    By F.A.S.T. GmbH

  • Computation of Real & Apparent Losses through Pressure-Leakage Relationship Analysis

    This is a method currently being used by Manila Water Company Incorporated (MWCI) in computing for the Real and Apparent Losses of a District Metering Area (DMA). This method utilizes Pressure-Leakage Relationship, and Total Non-Revenue Water comparisons to determine the volume and percentage of Real and Apparent Losses of DMA’s. The Total Non-Revenue Water of DMA’s is basically ...


    By IWA Publishing

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