water level data Articles

  • Nitrate Analysis of Water Samples Using a Benchtop UV-Vis Spectrophotometer

    Nitrogen is naturally found in groundwater and surface water in the form of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of nitrate-nitrogen in potable water of 10ppm. This application presents results of UV-Vis analysis of nitrate concentrations in drinking water, ground water, and industrial wastewater, showing that the manual colorimetric method is ...

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • The design and build of a process and wastewater treatment plant - Inlet: 900 mc/h - Case Study

    The client Ferrara Food, part of the S.F.I.R. group, is a company operating in the agro-industrial sector. More specifically Ferrara Food operates within the preserved food industry, specialising in tomato processing, from fresh product to semi-finished and finished products. Semi-finished products can be 200kg containers, or 1200kg bigbags, filled through an ...


    By IDRAFLOT

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Example of water level data logger use - case study

    Geo Kamp Limited is pleased to present a typical hydrogeologic project using Heron Water Level Data Loggers (referred to as the dipperLog). The accompanying hydrographs represent the data collected for a Test Well located near Lake Simcoe (north of Toronto) in 2010. It was difficult to coordinate the schedule of the water well contractor due to inclement weather (bitterly cold) and the project ...


    By HERON Instruments Inc.

  • Water Level Measurements-Part 1

    Confused about which instrumentation to use in your water level monitoring system? In-Situ offers two categories of pressure sensors for water level measurements: absolute or non-vented sensors, and gauged or vented sensors. They look the same and both measure pressure and water level, but they have drastically different applications, outputs and accuracy. The absolute (or non-vented) water level ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Analysis of water level changes in Lake Urmia based on data characteristics and non-parametric test

    Lake Urmia water level has fluctuated during many years. We investigated water level data (annual maximum, minimum and average series in the period of 1966–2012) to evaluate changes based on long-term and seasonal patterns over time, data characteristics and temporal change analysis. Our tools for the mentioned analyses included seasonal trend decomposition using loess (STL); normality and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of riverside groundwater flood risk induced by high river water levels using a numerical model and monitoring data

    Large barrages have been constructed on the main rivers in South Korea to store water and mitigate fluvial flooding damage. However, the increase in water levels behind the barrages can potentially lead to a rise in groundwater levels in the riversides. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of a barrage on groundwater levels and to test the applicability of a numerical model to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Giardiasis in the United States – an epidemiologic and geospatial analysis of county-level drinking water and sanitation data, 1993–2010

    Giardiasis is the most commonly reported intestinal parasitic infection in the United States. Outbreak investigations have implicated poorly maintained private wells, and hypothesized a role for wastewater systems in giardiasis transmission. Surveillance data consistently show geographic variability in reported giardiasis incidence. We explored county-level associations between giardiasis ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Regional Ground Water Level Monitoring in Germany

    Reference Project: Regional Ground Water Level Monitoring, Germany ribeka is responsible for monitoring the ground water levels within an area of over 4.000 km2 in the western German province of North Rhine-Westphalia. Within this densely populated area that comprises many large cities (e.g. Cologne and Bonn) as well as Europe’s biggest brown coal open mining site, extensive ground water ...

  • Tidal influences on unconfined water levels in wells.

    Tidal effects have the potential to measurably affect water level measurements and the estimation of groundwater flow direction and gradient. This has significant implications for the prediction and monitoring of contaminant plumes in coastal areas. Studies were conducted at two near-coastal sites in San Diego County, California, to evaluate the impact of tidal variability on the interpretation ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Determination of diurnal water level fluctuations in headwaters

    The aim of this paper is to study diurnal fluctuations of the water level in streams draining headwaters and to identify the controlling factors. The fieldwork was carried out in the Gryżynka River catchment, western Poland. The water levels of three streams draining into the headwaters via a group of springs were monitored in the years 2011–2014. Changes in the water pressure and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of plumbing age on copper levels in drinking water

    Theory and practical experiences suggest that higher copper levels in drinking water tap samples are typically associated with newer plumbing systems, and levels decrease with increasing plumbing age. Past researchers have developed a conceptual model to explain the ‘aging effect’ founded in the proposed evolution of copper(II) corrosion by-products on the pipe surface, based on theoretical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lake water levels for calibration of the S-HYPE model

    Lake water levels are easy to measure, and can be seen as a transformation of discharge. Water level measurements from 42 lakes in Sweden were analysed, and eight of these lakes were modelled using the Swedish S-HYPE model. The objective was to test if a hydrological model can be calibrated using water level data instead of discharge. A semi-analytical lake routing was developed to resolve ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Controlling the water level of a river dam case study

    SmartScan25 provides an efficient solution for controlling water level of the Wardha river reservoir from a distance of 40m (131ft) thus preventing draughts and floods to the district of Amravati, India. Upper Wardha Dam is build up on the Wardha River at a height of 36m (118ft) and 7km (4.35mi) length and situated on the boundary of Amravati and Wardha Districts, India. Controlling the water ...

  • The Next Generation of Level Control

    Water is an essential resource for everyday life, and thus having a way to store and distribute water is of critical importance. Water storage tanks have been designed to compensate for varying water demands during high and low ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Sewer Level Monitoring - Photos

    Sewer Level Monitoring - Photos Photos in this article present the complexity and versatility of sewer level monitoring. When examining the photos, pay special attention to the stand-alone autonomous characteristics of each installation. In lack of any cabling from the outside, whether data cables or power cables, the solution is fed from its own battery power supply. Data is tranmitted ...

  • Assessing sanitation service levels

    Conventional sanitation ladders rank sanitation in increasing complexity of technological options. However, sanitation improvement is not as straightforward as the concept of “a ladder” with incremental improvements, might suggest. For example, from the user perspective, a VIP toilet may in some circumstances be a better option than a septic tank system. There is a wide gap between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fold geometry model of Coyote hills segment of Puente hills blind-thrust system applied to interpretation of long-term water level data

    Recent work by others along the Coyote Hills segment of the Puente Hills blind-thrust system has imaged the near-surface structural features generated by activity of that intrabasin fault. Published shallow seismic profiles near the south flank of the Coyote Hills indicate the blindthrust system is expressed by south-facing folding of Quaternary terrestrial sediments underlying the hills. ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

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