water level indicator Articles

  • What are the main indicators of water quality?

    “Water is the driving force of all nature;” so said Leonardo da Vinci. The survival of our planet depends on the availability of water and the condition that it is in. It is therefore vital to make sure that it is able to provide a hospitable environment for those that live in it, and is free from harmful levels of substances for those that drink it. Not ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Performance indicators for water supply management

    In the present study specific performance indicators are proposed that express the level of service of a water system subjected to varying operating conditions over time. The proposed methodology has been applied to a specific case study (Sinni water supply system in Basilicata – Italy) to demonstrate the real applicability of the proposed performance analysis that could be very useful to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • LIT25 level indicating transmitter controls swimming pool level - Case Study

    The Town of Okotoks, Alberta I never gave it much thought, but what happens to the displaced water when a hundred people jump into a large public swimming pool? It goes into a surge tank - of course. This Greyline LIT25 Level Indicating Transmitter with ultrasonic sensor is installed in the basement of the Okotoks Recreation Centre in Alberta, Canada. The LIT's 4-20mA output is connected to a ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Evolution of sustainable water resources indicators

    ABSTRACTThe Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable (SWRR) is one of several natural resource roundtables with government, corporate, and NGO participation. SWRR has been a subgroup of the Advisory Committee on Water Information (ACWI) since 2001, and operates under authority of OMB M-92-01 and the Federal Advisory Committee Act. The purpose of the Roundtable is to provide an open forum for ...

  • Using LC50 for metals as Water Quality indicator

    One of the causes of low yields or productive deficiencies, in the stage of production of fresh water, more gifts in the aquaculture industry of salmon in Chile, has its origin in the presence of naturally occurring metals, both in bodies of fresh water as in deep wells. The toxicity of metals such as Aluminum and Copper, others, has been described previously and their presence in waters of our ...


    By Aquaknowledge

  • Why Is Water Level Monitoring Important?

    Monitoring water levels can have numerous environmental benefits and is a popular measurement for a number of different industries and organisations. Below we will discuss some of the common applications water level monitoring devices, as well as some of the valuable insights that recording this can reveal. Remote water level monitoring Whereas ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Determination of diurnal water level fluctuations in headwaters

    The aim of this paper is to study diurnal fluctuations of the water level in streams draining headwaters and to identify the controlling factors. The fieldwork was carried out in the Gryżynka River catchment, western Poland. The water levels of three streams draining into the headwaters via a group of springs were monitored in the years 2011–2014. Changes in the water pressure and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasonic depth sensor to measure water levels

    The Dutch algae control company LG Sonic introduced an ultrasonic depth sensor to give the customers real-time insight in the water levels which allows them to adequately deal with water level fluctuations. Reservoirs used for industrial processes or the production of drinking water often deal with strong water level fluctuations. Due to events of high demand and evaporation, water levels in ...


    By LG Sonic

  • What is a Mineral Thickener Tank

    The Thickener Tank is a solid-liquid separation device based on gravity sedimentation. It is usually a cylindrical shallow groove and a tapered bottom. It is made of concrete, wood or metal welded plates as a structural material. An excellent thickener brand needs to meet two basic indicators: good equipment quality and innovation. In addition ...

  • Exploring water indices and associated parameters: a case study approach

    In the past 20 years, over 50 water indices have been developed to characterize human-water systems within the frameworks of water scarcity, water poverty, water vulnerability, and water security. This study compares existing water indices in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to better understand which parameters (or lack thereof) contribute to the usefulness of water indices. Drawing on knowledge about ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Introducing pressure and number of connections into water loss indicators for French drinking water supply networks

    In France, the system of performance indicators defined within the relevant regulations does not include indicators relating to pressure, or the number of connections. So, Irstea and Veolia Water decided to create a new system of water loss indicators designed for use in France and that would take into account these parameters. The study was initially carried out at District Metered Area (DMA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bi-level optimization allocation model of water resources for different water industries

    There are severe water shortages, exacerbated by overexploitation, in the region upstream of the dam at Zhang Jiakou, and in many other regions, both in China and other parts of the world. Allocating water resources equitably amongst the numerous domestic and industrial consumers in these regions, while preserving or improving the environment and meeting economic goals, is a highly complex ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality characteristics of Poyang Lake, China, in response to changes in the water level

    As one of the few remaining lakes that are freely connected with the Yangtze River, Poyang Lake exhibits large annual water level (WL) fluctuations. In this study, weekly samples were collected at the north end of Poyang Lake from September 2011 to December 2012, and we investigated the mechanism of limnological responses to fluctuations in the WL. The study covers three seasons that were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pesticide Impact Rating Index - A Pesticide Risk Indicator for Water Quality

    Pesticide users, natural resource managers, regulators, government agencies and many others are concerned about the off-site impact of pesticides on the environment. Systematic methods of the assessment of potential risk of pesticides to environmental components can serve as valuable tools in decision making and policy formulation. Simple risk indicators have been developed which cover a range of ...


    By Springer

  • Pesticide Impact Rating Index – A Pesticide Risk Indicator for Water Quality

    Pesticide users, natural resource managers, regulators, government agencies and many others are concerned about the off-site impact of pesticides on the environment. Systematic methods of the assessment of potential risk of pesticides to environmental components can serve as valuable tools in decision making and policy formulation. Simple risk indicators have been developed which cover a range of ...


    By Springer

  • Looking beyond headline indicators: water and sanitation services in small towns in Ethiopia

    This paper presents findings on water and sanitation service levels from 16 small and medium towns in four regions of Ethiopia. In these settlements, the proportion of people with access to improved water and sanitation services is found to be high and consistent with other major datasets and reports for urban Ethiopia. However, when service characteristics such as reliability, quality, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Levels of cadmium, manganese and lead in water and algae; Spirogyra aequinoctialis

    This study assessed the ability of filamentous green algae; Spirogyra aequinoctialis to accumulate manganese, cadmium and lead from water. Water pH was also determined. Samples of S. aequinoctialis and their respective water environments were taken from designated sampling points in the city of Blantyre and Malawi during the ...

  • GWPD 4—Measuring water levels by use of an electric tape

    VERSION: 2010.1 PURPOSE: To measure the depth to the water surface below land-surface datum using the electric tape method. Materials and Instruments An electric tape, double-wired and graduated in feet, tenths and hundredths of feet. Electric tapes commonly are mounted on a hand-cranked and powered supply reel that contains space ...


    By HERON Instruments Inc.

  • Oral exposure to industrial effluent with exceptionally high levels of drugs does not indicate acute toxic effects in rats

    The Patancheru area near Hyderabad in India is recognized as a key link in the global supply chain for many bulk drugs. A central treatment plant receives wastewater from approximately 90 different manufacturers, and the resulting complex effluent has contaminated surface, ground, and drinking water in the region. Ecotoxicological testing of the effluent has shown adverse effects for several ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Water, sanitation, hygiene and rural poverty: issues of sector monitoring and the role of aggregated indicators

    Water and sanitation improvements together with hygiene (WASH) are central to health. However, progress in ensuring access to these basic services remains inadequate, particularly in the rural developing world. To remedy this appalling situation, decision-makers need reliable data on which to base planning, targeting and prioritization. However, the challenges of collecting such data and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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