water level indicator Articles

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Offshore wind costs and development risk

    How procurement strategies, manufacturing costs and new technology stack up against development risk in Offshore Wind Projects. Offshore wind is changing, and it is changing for the better. In 2006, offshore wind deployment costs started rising significantly, from £1.5m/ MW, in 2016 prices, to over £4m/MW in 2012, without a clear indication as to what the price ceiling would ...


    By SgurrEnergy Ltd.

  • From Drought To Flooding: California Struggles With Turnaround

    In a drastic about-face, California has gone from historically desperate drought conditions to an inundation of water that has brought its own set of problems.  In one indicator of the dramatic difference, snowpack on the Sierra mountains recently measured 135 percent of its seasonal average. “We haven’t seen an event of this magnitude in at least a decade,” Mike ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • LIT25 level indicating transmitter controls swimming pool level

    The Town of Okotoks, Alberta I never gave it much thought, but what happens to the displaced water when a hundred people jump into a large public swimming pool? It goes into a surge tank - of course. This Greyline LIT25 Level Indicating Transmitter with ultrasonic sensor is installed in the basement of the Okotoks Recreation Centre in Alberta, Canada. The LIT's 4-20mA output is connected to a ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Monitoring Gas Emissions from Volcanoes to Predict Volcanic Activity

    To understand and predict the behaviour of volcanoes an increasing number of scientists are combining geological monitoring and geochemical models. By measuring and monitoring the prevalence of gases like CO2, scientists hope to be able to better predict the likelihood of volcanic eruptions. In 2010 Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, releasing 250 million ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • LED Applications for Oil and Gas Refining and Processing

    Oil and gas processing facilities are unsafe due to the existence of hazardous compounds during operations. When addressing such issues, companies in the sector may deploy explosion proof lighting systems to prevent the ignition of sparks created from the electrical equipment. The adoption of LED technology in oil and gas refineries has helped reinforce key safety measures associated with ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Performance indicators for water supply management

    In the present study specific performance indicators are proposed that express the level of service of a water system subjected to varying operating conditions over time. The proposed methodology has been applied to a specific case study (Sinni water supply system in Basilicata – Italy) to demonstrate the real applicability of the proposed performance analysis that could be very useful to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evolution of sustainable water resources indicators

    ABSTRACTThe Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable (SWRR) is one of several natural resource roundtables with government, corporate, and NGO participation. SWRR has been a subgroup of the Advisory Committee on Water Information (ACWI) since 2001, and operates under authority of OMB M-92-01 and the Federal Advisory Committee Act. The purpose of the Roundtable is to provide an open forum for ...

  • Indicators of Pollution Management

    'The definition and selection of environmental performance indicators is still at an early stage but the use of indicators is increasing, both for the tracking of trends in pollution and other environmental issues at a large scale (national or regional) and also for the monitoring of Bank projects. This note provides a framework to assist in the selection of appropriate indicators for pollution ...


  • Oral exposure to industrial effluent with exceptionally high levels of drugs does not indicate acute toxic effects in rats

    The Patancheru area near Hyderabad in India is recognized as a key link in the global supply chain for many bulk drugs. A central treatment plant receives wastewater from approximately 90 different manufacturers, and the resulting complex effluent has contaminated surface, ground, and drinking water in the region. Ecotoxicological testing of the effluent has shown adverse effects for several ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Looking beyond headline indicators: water and sanitation services in small towns in Ethiopia

    This paper presents findings on water and sanitation service levels from 16 small and medium towns in four regions of Ethiopia. In these settlements, the proportion of people with access to improved water and sanitation services is found to be high and consistent with other major datasets and reports for urban Ethiopia. However, when service characteristics such as reliability, quality, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exploring water indices and associated parameters: a case study approach

    In the past 20 years, over 50 water indices have been developed to characterize human-water systems within the frameworks of water scarcity, water poverty, water vulnerability, and water security. This study compares existing water indices in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to better understand which parameters (or lack thereof) contribute to the usefulness of water indices. Drawing on knowledge about ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pesticide Impact Rating Index - A Pesticide Risk Indicator for Water Quality

    Pesticide users, natural resource managers, regulators, government agencies and many others are concerned about the off-site impact of pesticides on the environment. Systematic methods of the assessment of potential risk of pesticides to environmental components can serve as valuable tools in decision making and policy formulation. Simple risk indicators have been developed which cover a range of ...


    By Springer

  • Pesticide Impact Rating Index – A Pesticide Risk Indicator for Water Quality

    Pesticide users, natural resource managers, regulators, government agencies and many others are concerned about the off-site impact of pesticides on the environment. Systematic methods of the assessment of potential risk of pesticides to environmental components can serve as valuable tools in decision making and policy formulation. Simple risk indicators have been developed which cover a range of ...


    By Springer

  • Towards The Application of Specific Exergy as an Integrated Indicator For Transitional And Coastal Waters

    Ecological indicators are used increasingly to assess the health condition of ecosystems. However, the vast majority of indicators are based on a particular species or components, for example: phytoplankton, zooplankton, macrophyes, macrobenthos, etc. Even though such indicators have provided useful indications on ecosystem status, they are not broad enough to reflect the real complexity of ...


  • Determination of diurnal water level fluctuations in headwaters

    The aim of this paper is to study diurnal fluctuations of the water level in streams draining headwaters and to identify the controlling factors. The fieldwork was carried out in the Gryżynka River catchment, western Poland. The water levels of three streams draining into the headwaters via a group of springs were monitored in the years 2011–2014. Changes in the water pressure and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adaptative methodology of sustainability indicators management by ontology

    The growth of many sectors in modern society has increased the degradation of the environment. Consequently, it generates great ecological unbalance, enhancing the importance of sustainable development, since it stimulates productivity, job and income creation, while reduces the rates of deforestation, erosion and water and soil pollution. In this context, sustainability indicators can be useful ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eco-economy indicator: past decade the hottest on record

    The first decade of the twenty-first century was the hottest since recordkeeping began in 1880. With an average global temperature of 14.52 degrees Celsius (58.1 degrees Fahrenheit), this decade was 0.2 degrees Celsius (0.36 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than any previous decade. The year 2005 was the hottest on record, while 2007 and 2009 tied for second hottest. In fact, 9 of the 10 warmest years ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Bi-level optimization allocation model of water resources for different water industries

    There are severe water shortages, exacerbated by overexploitation, in the region upstream of the dam at Zhang Jiakou, and in many other regions, both in China and other parts of the world. Allocating water resources equitably amongst the numerous domestic and industrial consumers in these regions, while preserving or improving the environment and meeting economic goals, is a highly complex ...


    By IWA Publishing

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