water loss Articles

  • The reduction of water losses

    Leaks in water pipes and leaking valves in urban water distribution system and pipeline networks, mainly in developing and threshold countries, are the threshold countries, are the reason for water losses of up to 50% in relation to the water quantity being produced in the water ...

  • Water Loss UK 2012

    In May 2005 a seminar was held at the NEC in Birmingham to introduce the UK water industry to the work of the International Water Association (IWA) Water Loss Task Force. A similar event was held at the NEC Crowne Plaza Hotel in June 2009. Both events were well received and attracted over 100 delegates. Since then the WLTF has become a Specialist Group in IWA due to the importance ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of water loss in Harare, Zimbabwe

    A major challenge facing water utilities is the high level of water losses, which affects the financial viability and adequacy of water in the system. A study was carried out from January to May 2012 to characterize water losses in selected areas of Harare, Zimbabwe. Assessment of the contribution of water leakage to total water loss was carried out through water audits in four selected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Confirming Natural Attenuation Processes at a Coastal Site - Case Study

    Past waste disposal practices at a California coastal site resulted in a groundwater plume containing CVOCs (mainly chlorinated ethenes [CEs] and 1,1-dichloroethane) migrating offshore towards a marine harbor. CVOCs are present in the sediment porewater adjacent to the shoreline, but concentrations decreased significantly between 2000 and 2015, and NA in the marine sediments was suspected. To ...


    By SIREM

  • Kansas Facility Finds Fast, Reliable Fix to Cavitation Damage

    The Hutchinson (Kansas) Water Plant gets its water from 20 wells. The water is pumped out of the wells and into a reverse osmosis water treatment center to purify and ensure safe drinking water. At that point, a portion of the water is taken off from the main line, run through the reverse osmosis system and then mixed back ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • How Not to Lose Cadmium While Measuring?

    Today cadmium finds a better usage than a hundred years ago. For example, metal cadmium plating is used for anticorrosion coatings that are more stable than zinc, nickel and tin-plated. Cadmium plating of steel parts gives greater resistance to corrosion, especially in sea water. About 20% of cadmium goes to the manufacture of cadmium electrodes used in ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Insertable Valve Network Provides OngoingSolution to Water Loss

    Orange Cove, CA - As the only city in Fresno County that is completely dependent on surface water, the City of Orange Cove had 40% unaccounted for water loss when Bill Little, former City Manager returned to Orange Cove to address the community’s growing water problems... “Our goal is to reduce unaccounted for water loss in Orange Cove down to 3% - 5%,” explained Little. “In a city with an old ...

  • Water Loss management will be critical to climate change adaptation

    Water loss management is one of the most important issues facing water suppliers around the world. The Sustainable Development Goals have made poverty alleviation and access to safe drinking water a political priority. Targets on providing safe drinking water as a basic human right aim to ensure everyone can access a safe water supply. Unfortunately, the reality is that many of the most ...

  • Bayesian modelling for water loss management decisions

    Bayesian networks and their associated methods are especially suited for capturing and dealing with uncertainty. They can be successfully applied both in engineering sciences and in reliability analyses of water distribution systems. In this paper we propose an interactive Bayesian network and a decision-theoretic system which intend to monitor water loss, predict likely outcome and select ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Strategic Planning for Water Loss Reduction with Imprecise Data

    Water utilities particularly in the developing countries continue to operate with considerable inefficiencies in terms of water and revenue losses. With increasing water demand and scarcity, utilities require effective strategies for optimum use of available water resources. Often the information needed for strategic planning is inadequate and decisions have to be made on the basis of limited and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wasting energy through steam loss

    The European Union Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings, which relates to all member nations of the European Union, are obliged to set limits on greenhouse gas emissions, particularly from buildings. Typically steam is used for a wide range of applications within larger establishments including, humidification, hot water, space heating and air heating.  Primary energy losses in ...

  • Application of MUSLE for the prediction of phosphorus losses

    Soil erosion in forestlands affects not only land productivity but also the water body down stream. The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) has been applied broadly for the prediction of soil loss from upland fields. However, there are few reports concerning the prediction of nutrient (P) losses based on the USLE and its versions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the applicability of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reduction in water losses in water distribution systems using pressure reduction valves

    Water loss is a phenomenon frequently observed within water distribution systems (WDSs), that is considerably worsened by an excessive pressure throughout the network. As an alternative option to pipe replacement, the use of pumps working as turbines, throttle control valves (TCVs), or pressure reduction valves (PRVs) can be used to reduce leakage. For a preassigned number of these devices, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tackling water losses through improved domestic water bills

    The domestic water bills that municipalities send out to consumers on a monthly basis are a key interface between local government and citizens. Being a legal instrument, as well as a communication medium, the consumers' level of understanding of their water bills and the confidence in the information provided is therefore indicative of their effectiveness. A lack of understanding of bills ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Automated determination and evaluation of water losses in water distribution systems

    Using conventional methods and tools for determining detailed zonal water balances and performance indicators involves considerable efforts in manual data collection and processing. Hence, water balances mostly are determined for a whole network only. Unmetered components are often neglected or based on rough estimates. This article presents an approach to the automated determination of zonal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intelligent pressure management reduces water losses and minimizes pipe brakes

    Leaks in water pipes and leaking valves in urban water distribution systems and pipeline networks, mainly in developing and threshold countries, are the reason for water losses of up to 50 percent in relation to the water quantity being produced in the water works. The articele of the 'Industrial Valves 2009' presents an effective pressure management on the basis of an intelligent control ...

  • Biodegradation of artificial monolayers applied to water storages to reduce evaporative loss

    Repeat applications of an artificial monolayer to the interfacial boundary layer of large agricultural water storages during periods of high evaporative demand remains the most commercially feasible water conservation strategy. However, the interfacial boundary layer (or microlayer) is ecologically distinct from subsurface water, and repeat monolayer applications may adversely affect ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using performance indicators as a water loss management tool in developing countries

    Water utilities in developing countries are facing the challenges of substantial water losses in their water supply systems. In order to deliver water to their customers more efficiently and effectively, utilities must be able to measure and assess the performance of their water supply systems against set management objectives. However, water loss assessment is still not widely practised in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Metropolitana milanese reduces water loss on critical steel pipeline

    Assessing the condition of buried water infrastructure can yield a variety of outcomes that are difficult to predict. Sometimes, they even seem random. The common belief that the age of a pipe determines its condition is rarely correct – in many cases, a newer main can be in worse condition than one twice or three times as old. Instead, operational, environmental and installation factors ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Transient and surge related pipe bursts, water loss and damage prevention

    Pipe bursts as a result of transients and surges within a piping network are very common problems throughout the world. Not only are the maintenance costs of these repairs extremely expensive, but when you add in possible litigation for third party damages, combined with the potentially significant value (cost) of the lost water, you can quickly realize the significance of what may appear simply ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

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