water measurement solution Articles

  • What is turbidity?

    Turbidity measures the relative clarity of a water sample. It is determined by the amount of scattering that occurs when a light source is shined through a water sample. Light scattering is caused by increased concentrations of suspended particles in water that are not individually visible to the naked eye, which can give the water a cloudy appearance. This parameter is used as a general ...


    By MANTECH

  • Mobilization assessment and possibility of increased availability of PAHs in contaminated soil using column tests

    Surfactants are well known to increase solubility/mobility of hydrocarbons and can be used to remediate contaminated water and soil. We wanted to explore if Ivey sol R   106 used at less than the critical micelle concentration (CMC) could effectively mobilize PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) from contaminated soil. The first step was to establish a measurement technique. Hence, a ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Measuring TOC in Brine Solutions

    In the chlor-alkali and electrolysis industries, as well as many others, there is a need to analyze for TOC in samples containing high salt concentrations. These samples can range from sea water, which is typically 3% salt, up to brine solutions containing 28% salt. Shimadzu’s TOC-L with the high salt kit (P/N 638-93176-01 for N model & P/N 638-93176-02 for H model) is well suited for ...

  • Water Level Measurements-Part 1

    Confused about which instrumentation to use in your water level monitoring system? In-Situ offers two categories of pressure sensors for water level measurements: absolute or non-vented sensors, and gauged or vented sensors. They look the same and both measure pressure and water level, but they have drastically different applications, outputs and accuracy. The absolute (or non-vented) water level ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Process Water Treatment – Challenges and Solutions

    Untitled Document Clean water is needed by chemical-process plants for a wide range of process-related and auxiliary uses. Likewise wide is the range of options available to the ...


  • Research on PWM applied in water turbidity measurement

    In this paper, three common measuring methods for the principles of water turbidity, namely, scattering, transmission and the ratio method are introduced. A method combined with modulation and demodulation techniques based on pulse width modulation (PWM) pulse for turbidity measurement using light intensity modulation is proposed. The experimental system that is, the realizing circuit of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pure water pH measurement in low conductivity samples

    Normally, pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 uS/cm conductivity. The conductivity conies from dissolved solids, typically, salts plus net acid or base which explains the exhibited pH. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form, which makes such solutions conducting. With 1,000 uS/cm conductivity of mobile ions pH electrodes have a good circuit and give fast, ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Ultrapure water – The standard for resistivity measurements of Ultrapure water - Case Study

    Abstract For years, resistivity/conductivity2 instrumentation has been used as a reliable indicator of ionic water quality, especially for ultrapure water (UPW). Traditionally, the instrumentation is procured, installed, powered up, and perhaps connected to a PLC, strip chart recorder, or a LAN. After that, the instrument and sensor receive no attention until a problem arises. Today, ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Radar measurement in the North Sea

    Background / Task The NLWKN operates the barrier in the inland waterway of the river Ems. They are working with a dense monitoringnetwork which is required e.g. for the preservation of evidence in case of blocks for the protection against storm tides or if the water depth has to be increased to make the Ems navigable for big vessels coming from the dockyard. After an average a new radar ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Measuring Pressure and Vacuum Correctly

    Pumps and systems are installed, started, operated, and many times, forgotten. When a problem arises, it’s recommended to install a discharge pressure gauge and suction vacuum gauge on the system. These gauges should be installed near the suction inlet and discharge outlet of the pump. These gauges are usually installed properly, recorded, and along with a pump speed measurement can be ...


    By Gorman-Rupp Co.

  • Contact-free indirect measurement

    The non-contact mode of measurement is very interesting for hygienic applications in the food-, pharmaceutical- and cosmetics industry, as well as for industrial applications with thick, adhesive and solid containing liquids. Experience has shown that conventional volumetric flow meters quickly come to their limit, while other measuring procedures are often very complex and/or are not suitable ...


    By Lutz Pumpen GmbH

  • A solution to fracturing water supply and disposal issues

    “Water, water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink.” –The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Many topics of conversation among oil and gas industry professionals are predictable – oil price trends, the “great shift change” imperiling the available workforce, and production quotas and caps from OPEC. Yet one pressing topic among those developing ...


    By Fairmount Santrol

  • Cycle chemistry pH measurement

    pH measurement in high purity water has met with variable success. The high resistivity of pure water, the vulnerability to contamination, the variability of reference electrodes and additional temperature effects converge to make tins a particularly challenging measurement. Overcoming these obstacles requires a thorough understanding of the potential problems and their systematic solution. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Flow Measurement in the Cold

    Measuring flow can be a very delicate process depending on the needs of your operation. For instance, measuring flow in cold weather locations is an extremely difficult task. When outdoor temperatures are near or below freezing, it makes it nearly impossible to measure flow as you would in normal circumstances, meaning you must find alternative solutions so that your operation continues to have ...


    By TRACOM Inc.

  • USA water challenges are many, but so are the solutions

    Many of the nation's water-supply systems need expensive improvements. And in the West and elsewhere, utilities are focused on finding enough water to meet demand. Although the problems are complex, experts generally agree on some basic solutions. PROTECT WATER SUPPLIES Providing clean drinking water starts at the source - whether it's an underground aquifer, a lake or a ...


    By Associated Press

  • Measuring Wastewater Below Ground

    Measuring wastewater is one of the most difficult water management tasks that exists. While some wastewater flows are easy to access, others are very hard to measure because they are in open channel conditions and are below grade. If you need to measure below ground wastewater flow, there are a few factors that you need to consider to help you choose the right tool for the job. With a ...


    By TRACOM Inc.

  • OTT ADC measurement - Germany

    Background As the open pit Cottbus Nord is making use of the water of the ponds in the protected landscape of Lakoma (a village 6 km from Cottbus) the Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (VEM) as owner of the pit was obligated to take compensation measurements. VEM entrusted the engineers of the gerstgraser Ingenieurbüro für Renaturierung (gIR) in Cottbus with the planning of the ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Conductivity Measurement in high purity water samples below 10 microsiems/cm

    High Purity Water Resistivity/ Conductivity Measurement Ultra-Pure Water without any chemical impurities will still have a conductivity because of the presence of H* and OH" ions due to the self-ionization of water. Ultra-pure water has a conductivity of 0.055 HSiemens'cm or a resistivity of 18.18 mQ-cm at 25 °C. In order to know the conductivity or resistivity of ultra-pure water it is ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

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