water mixing system Articles

  • Water mixing in waste lagoons

    Man-made lagoons have been used worldwide for the treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, it seems, forever. All waste lagoons were first designed and thoughtfully planned considering their locations, soil makeup, and waste reduction processes prior to being implemented. The biological process of organic waste reduction is always a consideration of waste lagoon designs. There are three ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Compost in the mix for storm water management

    Bioretention areas, also known as rain gardens, are increasingly being used to capture and treat storm water runoff from impervious surfaces such as roofs, sidewalks and parking lots. These landscaped areas often feature native plants installed in an engineered soil mixture that includes compost. “Bioretention areas or rain gardens are an attractive storm water Best Management Practice (BMP) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Impact of incomplete mixing in the prediction of chlorine residuals in municipal water distribution systems

    This paper investigates the mixing phenomena in pipe junctions in water distribution systems. Network simulation models frequently assume that mixing at pipe junctions is complete and instantaneous. In the present study, a series of experiments using tee and cross junctions with varying inflows and free chlorine concentrations were carried out in the Hydraulic Laboratory of the Institute of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mixing at double-Tee junctions with unequal pipe sizes in water distribution systems

    Pipe flow mixing with various solute concentrations and flow rates at pipe junctions is investigated. The degree of mixing affects contaminant spread in a water distribution system, and many studies have focused on mixing at the cross junctions; however, only a few have focused on double-Tee junctions of unequal pipe diameters. To investigate the solute mixing at such junctions, a series of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High frequency monitoring needed to protect UK rivers - Case Study

    The science behind nutrient pollution in rivers is still poorly understood despite the fact that nitrate and phosphate concentrations in the UK’s rivers are mostly unacceptable, although an element of uncertainty exists about what an acceptable level actually is. Key to improving our understanding of the sources and impacts of nutrient pollution is high-resolution monitoring across a broad ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Mixed oxidant technology treats water in Rwanda, developing countries

    Plagued by a legacy of civil war, ethnic genocide and the HIV/AIDS epidemic, many rural communities in Rwanda lack access to adequate drinking water. Although many inhabitants purify water by boiling, this time-consuming and energy-intensive practice is impractical for most. A water and power utility provides drinking water to the capital, Kigali City, and all urban centers of Rwanda, while ...

  • Impact of mixing phenomenon at cross junctions on the variation of total coliform and E. coli in water distribution systems: experimental study

    This study investigates factors that influence the growth and diffusion of microorganism especially total coliform and Escherichia coli (E. coli) in water distribution networks. The experiments were carried out in a laboratory distribution network where different flow directions at junctions, varying inlet flow rates, initial chlorine doses and natural organic matter were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A clinoptilolite-PDMS mixed-matrix membrane for high temperature water softening

    A mixed-matrix membrane composed of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as the continuous phase and clinoptilolite, a naturally occurring zeolite, as the active phase has been used to decrease the conductivity of water by more than 80% across the membrane. Testing was carried out using a cross-flow configuration at temperatures as high as 160 °C using a constant transmembrane pressure of 8 bar. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study of hydraulics and mixing in roof tanks used in intermittent water supply

    Roof tanks are common in low and middle income countries, due to the intermittent water supply. Their hydraulic and water mixing behaviour has not been studied. This paper presents the results of a study on mixing and water demand in roof tanks, based on physical and numerical models. Tracer tests were carried out on a real scale transparent wall laboratory model of a roof tank, and a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of mixing on chloramination process

    According to a recent study more than 90 percent of water treatment plants utilizing chloramination for distribution system residuals indicate a certain level of dissatisfaction toward the process performance. One factor that may lead to such dissatisfaction is the inadequacy of mixing when ammonia is added to chlorinated water. If mixing is not instantaneous and uniform, the actual chlorine to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • With CETCO`s help, oil & water don`t mix - separating oil & water from gas

    One of the USA’s largest providers of midstream natural gas owns and operates 11,300 miles of pipelines, with natural gas gathering systems that cover 14,400 square miles and supply 22 natural gas plants, which have a total processing capacity of 10,250 MMcf/d. This gas transmission company’s onshore and straddle plant assets access natural gas supplies from the Permian Basin, Fort Worth / Bend ...


    By CETCO Energy Services

  • The Right Mix for Clean Air

    Reducing air pollution is an increasingly important topic all around the world. Many governments—also in developing countries—set new limits for emissions such as nitrogen oxides in flue gas. Sulzer offers advanced mixing technology for flue gas cleaning. The installation in a large power plant shows that these high-performance mixers can cope with the most difficult requirements. ...


    By Sulzer Ltd.

  • Mixers and Flowmakers: Mixing mine water precipitate from a Tin Mine in the UK

    Landia (UK) Ltd. was awarded a contract to provide the pre-reaction chambers and sludge holding tanks at Wheal Jane Mine Water Treatment Plant, Cornwall with a total number of 7 submersible mixers. Working conditions are very harsh on this plant where the mixers will be homogenizing sludges in the process of purifying a heavily contaminated industrial effluent. The mixers were supplied in ...


    By Landia a/s

  • Cavitation leads to perfect mixes

    Development of accurate classification of cavitation types, as well as any classification, has to be based on a choice of general summary classification signs. For example, it can be different by constructive signs of work parts, by character of a course of process, by cavities types and other general classification signs. In present time distinguish the following types of cavitation: static, ...

  • Cavitation leads to perfect mixes

    Development of accurate classification of cavitation types, as well as any classification, has to be based on a choice of general summary classification signs. For example, it can be different by constructive signs of work parts, by character of a course of process, by cavities types and other general classification signs. In present time distinguish the following types of cavitation: static, ...

  • How well-mixed is well mixed? Hydrodynamic-biokinetic model integration in an aerated tank of a full-scale water resource recovery facility

    Current water resource recovery facility (WRRF) models only consider local concentration variations caused by inadequate mixing to a very limited extent, which often leads to a need for (rigorous) calibration. The main objective of this study is to visualize local impacts of mixing by developing an integrated hydrodynamic-biokinetic model for an aeration compartment of a full-scale WRRF. Such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-situ stabilization using Shallow Soil Mixing and Deep Soil Mixing

    Of the currently emerging technologies for site remediation, one of the most attractive and economical is in-situ stabilization and/or in-situ fixation of contaminated soils by Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) or Deep Soil Mixing (DSM). Actually, the soil mixing process is not new. It has been in use as a geotechnical construction process for over two decades. However, its use as a treatment for ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Performance of a conventional surface water plant using mixed-oxidants for microflocculation and final disinfection

    The City of Santa Fe, NM utilizes both surface water and well water to achieve a system-wide peak production of 22 million gallons per day (MGD). In March 1998, the city incorporated MIOX mixedoxidant disinfection technology for pre-treatment and final disinfection of the water treated in an 8 MGD surface water plant. Concurrently, a filter backwash recycling system was installed as well as ...

  • Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system

    Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system for cooling applications is presented in this paper. Exergy destruction rate and heat rate in each component of the system are evaluated. From the results obtained it can be concluded that the evaporator and condenser heat loads and exergy destruction rate are less than those of the absorber and generator. This is due to the heat of mixing in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cavitation reactors provide perfect mixing

    Operations of cavitation reactors are based on activation of ultrasonic cavitation in the thin layer, processed liquid pumped over through the reactor as a result is formed stable dispersion of mixed components. On an entry of reactors, liquid is supplying and it has the greatest volume in a received emulsion. Through the second entry is supplying liquid component. Both entry fittings are located ...

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