water municipality Articles

  • The impact of reforming municipal water tariff on water rationing and consumer welfare in Saudi Arabia

    The objectives of this study were to estimate an aggregate price elasticity of demand for municipal water in Saudi Arabia, and to analyze the welfare impact of raising the municipal water tariff. The study utilized available aggregated data (Ministry of Water and Electricity, 1999–2008), and regression techniques to specify water demand functions within the frame of the increasing block ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Riverside Public Utilities California Case Study

    Lucid Energy successfully field-piloted three generations of the LucidPipe Power System in a water pipeline at the Western Municipal Water District in ...


    By Lucid Energy

  • Consolidation of municipality-owned water suppliers in Japan

    This study examines the characteristics of municipalities owning water utilities that took advantage of incentives provided by the Japanese government to consolidate. We find that economies of scale and government transfers were some of the main factors leading to consolidation of government services. This is expected given the Central Government's efforts to equalize public service levels, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Municipal water services in Guatemala: exploring official perceptions

    In Guatemala, water services are frequently interrupted, water pressure is inadequate and tap water is often unsafe to drink. Water providers face the challenge of maintaining water systems and improving water services to provide reliable and safe drinking water. Understanding the perspectives of government officers may help in finding solutions to overcome this challenge. Semi-structured ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The domestic disinfection and safe storage of water project, Montero, Bolivia preliminary report

    Since January of 1991, more than one million people in Latin America have become ill from cholera, and of these, almost nine thousand have died. Various investigations in Latin America have demonstrated that water was the most important source of transmission of this illness during the first six years of life. There were many risk factors for cholera transmission through water: municipal water, ...

  • Project - WWTP ARAK

    Process: complete mixed tank Delivery: AIRMAX Installation: bridge Quantity: 26 Application: municipal waste water ...


    By KAMPS s.a.

  • How the Compagnie Générale des Eaux survived the end of concession contracts in France 100 years ago

    The end of the nineteenth century coincided with the end of concession contracts as a desirable option for French municipalities to organise their water services. An increasing number of disagreements between municipalities and their water concessionaires were brought to administrative courts, while the most difficult cases went to the French Supreme Court, the Conseil d'Etat. All cases dealt ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Natural treatment system alternatives for effluent thermal (temperature) management in Western Oregon

    With the establishment of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for Oregon rivers and increasingly stringent regulatory limits on surface water discharges, municipalities are faced with mounting challenges on discharging effluent. Effluent containing relatively high temperature levels or nutrients can not be discharged to rivers during times of low flow, principally in the summer. To address this, ...

  • Reverse Osmosis System Design

    Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) is currently used in various applications ranging from small under the sink drinking water systems to large municipal drinking water applications. The technology is widely used and accepted as it removes both dissolved ionic and organic impurities. This article will focus on the application of reverse osmosis membranes and discuss factors that should be considered for ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • A basic guide to municipal water treatment & its specialized areas

    Clean, safe, potable water is meagre today. Statistic says, presently around 1.2 billion people in this advancing world don’t have access to safe drinkable water. The scarcity of water stand stood as the most common yet perilous problem, the current society is facing these days. The scarceness of water already affects each and every continent of the world, and the problem is not a newer ...

  • Examining the emerging environmental protection policy convergence in the Ontario municipal drinking water, wastewater and stormwater sectors

    This study examines the governance approaches applying to Ontario's municipal water management activities and observes an environmental policy convergence occurring in two different dimensions: across the drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater aspects of municipal water activities with respect to governance approaches, and federal, provincial, and municipal governments in terms of drawing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Project - WWTP Hasselt

    Belt thickner Belt width: 3m Sludge concentration inlet: 1g/l Sludge concentration outlet: 6g/l Flow: 150m3/h Application: municipal waste water ...


    By KAMPS s.a.

  • Efficient water utilities: use of performance indicator system and data envelopment analysis

    A number of international initiatives have been undertaken in recent years to develop benchmarking frameworks. Performance indicator system and data envelopment analysis are the two most widely used methods for performance assessment as is evident from the established literature on benchmarking. This paper demonstrates two benchmarking approaches using these two methods for the selected 12 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Waste Water Recycle/Reuse Project (Tap Water) – Phuket, Thailand

    Producing high quality water from Municipality Waste Warer in Phuket Thailand a famous Tourists Destination. W.O.G Group has been awarded a Waste Water Recycle/Reuse Project by Patong Municipality, Phuket, Thailand to increase municipal water supply in Phuket. CLIENT’S OBJECTIVE: To treat sewage water (25 MLD) to the same quality standards as that supplied by the Provincial Water ...


    By WOG Group

  • Project - WWTP Gorgan

    Process: complete mixed tank Low speed surface aerator AIRMAX Installation: concrete bridge Quantity: 12 Application: municipal waste water ...


    By KAMPS s.a.

  • Biodegradation of bisphenol A, 17 β-estradiol, and 17 α-ethynylestradiol in river water

    The degradation of bisphenol A (BPA), 17 β-estradiol (E2), and 17 α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) in river water was investigated. Moreover, the effects of temperature, nutrient salts, easily degraded coexisting organic matter, and the addition of municipal wastewater, were studied. The half-lives of E2 are six days at 20°C and three days at 30°C in river water, respectively. BPA is degraded ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Property management company saves $100,000 with water flow sensor - Case Study

    SUMMARY Joanna Jackson is a Building Performance Specialist with Minto Apartments, an organization that manages 8,800 rental apartment units in seven cities across Canada. After relying on municipal water bills to manage water consumption and costs, Joanna installed the Flowie water flow sensor at 12 buildings and began receiving minute-by-minute water use data. A few months after installation, ...


    By Alert Labs Inc.

  • How to use municipal water in a proper way

    From last 100 year, numbers of water Technology Companies connected with municipal for waste disposal. Lots of people are used to throw their dirt into the sewage. Some waste material may melt, but not all are melted so because of this dirt objects the water of the sewage become polluted. Numbers of USA based companies which provide services to clean the waste material from the municipal. Using ...

  • Project - WWTP Soignies

    Process: oxydation diches Carrousel Low speed surface aerator AIRMAX Quantity: 2 Diameter: 2.5m Power: 45kw each Aeration zone: completely covered Application: municipal waste water ...


    By KAMPS s.a.

  • Indoor Air Quality Guideline - Chlorinated Chemicals in your Home

    Several chlorinated chemicals can cause cancer and other serious health problems. These chemicals can come from consumer products you buy in the store, dry-cleaned clothes, and treated municipal water. Air levels of these chemicals, therefore, are generally higher in your home than outdoors. This indoor air quality guideline can help you identify possible sources of six common chlorinated ...

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