water municipality Articles

  • Development and Application of Oxygen Demand Testing using Industrial Effluent - Case Study

    Abstract The purpose of this study is to develop capacity and protocols for oxygen demand testing that can be used for instruction and research within the BioScience Technology program. For application purposes we chose the PeCOD® Analyzer which offers a unique nanotechnology-based approach to Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis. Background ...


    By MANTECH

  • Municipal Waste Water

    This article shows the application of an Cogent Environmental online heavy metal analyser at a municipal waste water treatment ...

  • Municipal water treatment plant

    Location: Blueberry, B.C. Owner: Blueberry River Indian Band Description: The poor raw water quality of the wells supplying this community necessitated the installation of a sophisticated 110 m3/d water treatment plant. It incorporates an aeration tower for stripping natural gas and hydrogen sulphide. It is followed by sand filtration for ...


    By NovaTec Consultants Inc.

  • Municipal Wastewater

    Municipal wastewater namely sewage is generated by residential, institutional, commercial and industrial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets,baths,showers,kitchens, and sinks drained into sewers. In many areas, sewage also includes liquid waste from industry and commerce. The separation and draining of household waste into greywater and blackwater is becoming more ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Crossville, TN, municipal drinking water

    The Situation: The City of Crossville, Tennessee, needed to address increasingly strict regulations on the use of gas chlorine to disinfect their community’s water. The Solution: By switching from gas chlorine to MIOX mixed oxidants, the City has reduced operational costs, improved residual durability, reduced byproduct formation, produced longer filter ...

  • The Municipal Water & Sewage Treatment Sector

    The best reason for the use of Albin Pump Hose pumps in this industry is the low maintenance of the pump. This industry readily accepts an average hose life of 1.500 - 3.000 hours in continuous duty and this hose life will provide much lower maintenance costs and repair time than with other pumps. Basic Pump Requirements For operation in an automatic system the following would ...


    By Albin Pump SAS

  • Case Study: Municipal Water Works Various Municipalities in Different Countries

    Many Municipal Water Works and maintenance department engineers have been dealing with corrosion and scale which cause pipes to burst or leak (known as Physical Non-Revenue Water, or PNRW) lost is expressed as % of the volume per km of piping network per day. WATER SYSTEM CHALLENGES Typically, water is fed to every house or building or around the city (or municipality) ...

  • Municipal Incinerator Waste

    The monitoring of metal concentrations in the waste water from municipal incinerators to ensure compliance with the EU Waste Incineration ...

  • Wastewater treatment for a municipality

    Description of the plant At first, wastewater is pre-treated by a combinated sand and fat trap before further treatment is affected by a special screen. The accruing particles are collected in anti-septic plastic bags to avoid any personal contact because of hygienic reasons. Based on the high varying hydraulic amount of wastewater, an aerated mixing and balancing reactor is ...

  • How to develop a concerted municipal strategy for water and sanitation

    In many developing countries, particularly in Africa, access to water supply and sanitation comes under the remit of local authorities. To assist the local contracting authorities in developing this service, programme Solidarité Eau (pS-Eau) and the Municipal Development Partnership (MDP) have initiated and coordinated the Concerted Municipal Strategies program (CMS – water and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water reuse system in Xi'an Municipality of China

    A water reuse system was formulated for the Xi'an International Metropolitan Urban Planning Project, with the aim of mitigating water stress in the central city of Xi'an, China in 2020. The main reuse purposes of the reclaimed water were agriculture, industry, municipal, ecological, and indoor uses. A wastewater reuse potential capacity of 427.2 × 106 m3/yr was deduced by analyzing the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Municipal water services in Guatemala: exploring official perceptions

    In Guatemala, water services are frequently interrupted, water pressure is inadequate and tap water is often unsafe to drink. Water providers face the challenge of maintaining water systems and improving water services to provide reliable and safe drinking water. Understanding the perspectives of government officers may help in finding solutions to overcome this challenge. Semi-structured ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A primer on energy efficiency for municipal water and wastewater utilities

    This primer is concerned with energy use and efficiency of network-based water supply and wastewater treatment in urban areas. It focuses on the supply side of the municipal water cycle, including the extraction, treatment, and distribution of water, and collection and treatment of wastewater-activities which are directly managed by Water and Wastewater Utilities (WWUs). The main challenges to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perceptions of bottled water consumers in three Brazilian municipalities

    This study presents perceptions of consumers of bottled water in their households in three Brazilian municipalities. Data from interviews were analyzed using the Discourse Collective Subject method. Interviewees spent, on average, the equivalent of 40% of their water bill for the public water supply on the purchase of bottled water. The decision about water consumption in the household ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Consolidation of municipality-owned water suppliers in Japan

    This study examines the characteristics of municipalities owning water utilities that took advantage of incentives provided by the Japanese government to consolidate. We find that economies of scale and government transfers were some of the main factors leading to consolidation of government services. This is expected given the Central Government's efforts to equalize public service levels, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • West Columbia, SC, municipal drinking water

    The Lake Murray Water Treatment Plant (LMWTP) in West Columbia, S.C., was dedicated in 1991 with a capacity of 6 million gal per day (mgd). With upgrades completed in 2007, the plant has a current capacity of 22.5 mgd. Most of the water from LMWTP is sold; 19% of the water is distributed to the system for which the LMWTP management and staff is responsible. 0In the early 1990s, the water ...

  • Reuse of Municipal/Industrial Secondary Eflluent for Water Reuse

    Abstract This paper presents results from pilot and demonstration studies conducted over the past two years at various locations around the world. All studies were conducted on municipal secondary effluent. Data includes: feed water quality, effluent quality (BOD, COD, bacteriological, SDI, others), membrane flux rate, water recovery percentage, membrane permeability, cleaning procedures, ...

  • Municipal waste water treatment plant case study

    A municipal WWTP in the North of England was experiencing significant problems with accumulations of FOG in the Wetwell at the head of the treatment plant. The FOG would form a solid cap over the well several feet thick. This put considerable strain on the pumping gear, interrupted the performance of the float switches and required regular manual intervention from the staff. High costs were also ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • The Low Down on Pipes: A Look at Municipal Water

    We manufacture our portable remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and pipe crawlers for a variety of different industries and applications. Due to their robust design and versatility, Deep Trekker products have proven to be the ideal tools for many professionals and ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Case Study - Eastern Municipal Water District

    Eastern Municipal Water District (EMWD) is a water utility in southern California, providing both drinking water and treating sewerage for a substantial service area. EMWD purchased the ESS solution to replace an aging legacy MS Access application managing compliance data for wastewater operations, as well as managing process operator control information. The volume of data collected by hand in ...


    By E2 ManageTech

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