water network leak Articles

  • Sensor placement for leak detection and location in water distribution networks

    The performance of a leak detection and location algorithm depends on the set of measurements that are available in the network. This work presents an optimization strategy that maximizes the leak diagnosability performance of the network. The goal is to characterize and determine a sensor configuration that guarantees a maximum degree of diagnosability while the sensor configuration cost ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Including leakage in network models: an application to calibrate leak valves in EPANET

    EPANET is one of the most widely used software packages for water network hydraulic modelling, and is especially interesting for educational and research purposes because it is in the public domain. However, EPANET simulations are demand-driven, and the program does not include a specific functionality to model water leakage, which is pressure-driven. Consequently, users are required to deal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Small Leaks Matter

    In the final part of the leak detection series, we explain why locating small leaks is and important part of a water loss management strategy. To see the first post in the series that outlines the problem of water loss in North America,  ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Small leaks matter

    In the final part of the leak detection series, we explain why locating small leaks is and important part of a water loss management strategy. To see the first post in the series that outlines the problem of water loss in North America,  ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Experimental investigation of leak hydraulics

    In recent decades the hydraulics of leaks, i.e. the definition of the relationships linking the hydraulic quantities in pipes with leaks, has received increasing attention. On the one hand, the definition of the relationship between the leak outflow and the relevant parameters – e.g. the leak area and shape, the pressure inside the pipe and outside the leak, and the pipe material ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring and Alarming Water Leaks in a Library Basement

    CAS DataLoggers recently provided the monitoring and alarming solution for a library housing a number of rare books and documents in their basement record storage area. The library’s director needed a wireless device to detect when water entered the basement during the seasonal rains, and also needed alarming capabilities to give her instant email ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Tackling Non-Revenue Water by Identifying Small Leaks

    Small leaks sink big ships – the same can be said for large-diameter pipes in utility networks. While large leaks or ruptures are seen as newsworthy stories accompanied by images of water flowing down the streets; smaller leaks can often be more devastating. Left undetected, they can add up over time, contributing significantly to ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Insertable Valve Network Provides OngoingSolution to Water Loss

    Orange Cove, CA - As the only city in Fresno County that is completely dependent on surface water, the City of Orange Cove had 40% unaccounted for water loss when Bill Little, former City Manager returned to Orange Cove to address the community’s growing water problems... “Our goal is to reduce unaccounted for water loss in Orange Cove down to 3% - 5%,” explained Little. “In a city with an old ...

  • Adaptive water distribution networks with dynamically reconfigurable topology

    This paper presents a novel concept of adaptive water distribution networks with dynamically reconfigurable topology for optimal pressure control, leakage management and improved system resilience. The implementation of District Meter Areas (DMAs) has greatly assisted water utilities in reducing leakage. DMAs segregate water networks into small areas, the flow in and out of each area is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Robust sensor placement for leak location: analysis and design

    In this paper, a nominal sensor placement methodology for leak location in water distribution networks is presented. To reduce the size and the complexity of the optimization problem a clustering technique is combined with the nominal sensor placement methodology. Some of the pressure sensor placement methods for leak detection and location in water distribution networks are based on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation and risk assessment of a diesel leak: confidential

    Project: Emergency Investigation of a Fuel Leak Client: Confidential infrastructure management company Services: Rapid site characterisation and risk assessment Summary: Detailed risk assessment was used to quantify the environment risks pose by a fuel leak and avoid unnecessary remediation ESI was commissioned to ...

  • Detecting leaks through AMR data analysis

    Automatic meter reading (AMR) provides real-time consumption data, enabling to collect a huge amount of information about daily, even hourly, consumptions. It is then easy to assess lost volumes on the network, using supplied volumes information. However, because of the multiple components of water losses, the metering and calculation inaccuracies, the occurrence of new (detectable) leaks is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Algorithmic network monitoring for a modern water utility: a case study in Jerusalem

    We report on the design, deployment, and use of TaKaDu, a real-time algorithmic Water Infrastructure Monitoring solution, with a strong focus on water loss reduction and control. TaKaDu is provided as a commercial service to several customers worldwide. It has been in use at HaGihon, the Jerusalem utility, since mid 2009. Water utilities collect considerable real-time data from their networks, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mancomunidad de la Comarca de Pamplona (MCP) Identifies 4 Leaks Using Inline Leak Detection

    Around the world, leaking water pipelines represent a major resource and financial loss for utilities. It is estimated that in some places, Non-Revenue Water exceeds 50 percent. In terms of financial losses, the World Bank estimates that NRW costs utilities worldwide about US$14 billion annually. By reducing these losses by half in areas with the highest NRW, it is estimated that US$2.9 billion ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Leak detection by inverse transient analysis in an experimental PVC pipe system

    Leakage reduction in water supply systems and distribution networks has been an increasingly important issue in the water industry since leaks and ruptures result in major physical and economic losses. Hydraulic transient solvers can be used in the system operational diagnosis, namely for leak detection purposes, due to their capability to describe the dynamic behaviour of the systems and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leak detection by inverse transient analysis in an experimental PVC pipe system

    Leakage reduction in water supply systems and distribution networks has been an increasingly important issue in the water industry since leaks and ruptures result in major physical and economic losses. Hydraulic transient solvers can be used in the system operational diagnosis, namely for leak detection purposes, due to their capability to describe the dynamic behaviour of the systems and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Aquascope 3 can be used by inexperienced operators to find leaks

    In 2006 the Calgary Water Authority in Canada engaged a British consultancy firm called “Hydrosave” to assist them reduce their leakage from 12% of all water supplied and ILI ratings of 4 – 8 between the different DMAs. The temperature in Calgary gets down to -40 degrees Celcius in the winter and the water board’s staff are fully occupied in winter, however in summer ...


    By Gutermann AG

  • Emergency response and remediation of a petrol leak: petrol filling station

    Project: Emergency Fuel Leak at an Operational Petrol Station Client: Franchised petrol station operator Services: Emergency response/leak management, regulator negotiation, site investigation, remediation and verification Summary: Responsive, pragmatic advice and robust regulator negotiations aided rapid characterisation ...

  • Characterising the pressure-leakage response of pipe networks using the FAVAD equation

    This study investigated the feasibility of characterising the pressure-leakage response of water distribution systems using the FAVAD (Fixed and Variable Area Discharges) equation, instead of the conventional N1 power equation. The study was based on 300 network models with randomly distributed leaks and 35 networks generated through a sensitivity analysis. It was found that the leakage rate ...


    By IWA Publishing

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