water phosphate test Articles

  • Low cost processes for the removal of phosphates in water and wastewater

    This paper presents a synopsis of various low-cost techniques employed for the removal of phosphates from water and treated wastewater. Techniques employed include seawater flocculation and coagulation/flocculation using bittern, adsorption on fluidised raw dolomite bed, and filtration through iron and aluminium coated filter media. Seawater flocculation at a seawater concentration of 10% ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phosphate Mine Tailings - Case Study

    THE CHALLENGE A typical phosphate mining operation can produce between 180,000 and 225,000 gallons per minute of fine phosphatic clay tailings. This material has a solids concentration of between 2% and 7% on a dry-solids basis. Currently, ponds and lagoons are used for settling and clarification of these materials. Many of these polishing ponds are approximately 200 to 300 acres in size, ...

  • Theoretical and practical experience of calcium phosphate inhibition in RO waters

    The increasing trend over the last ten years to use waste water as a feed source for reverse osmosis membrane plant has resulted in an increase in calcium phosphate scaling on membrane surfaces. This is due to much higher levels of phosphate in waste water typically 10-30 mg/l as compared with a groundwater source which may have only 1-5 mg/l of phosphate. These higher phosphate levels resulting ...

  • Phosphate Pre-Treatment of Steel: Always Powder Coating

     Always Powder Coating have replaced the conventional iron phosphate pre-treatment system with an organic process that operates at room temperature. The savings from reduced energy, labour and waste disposal costs amount to $60,000 per annum. Background Always Powder Coating (APC) operates a powder coating facility in Melbourne's eastern suburbs and specialises in ...


  • A molecular imprinted polymer based sensor for measuring phosphate in wastewater samples

    Phosphate detection in water samples is still completed using colorimetric standard methods, which have a number of disadvantages, to such as being time consuming, requiring filtration, a number of different reagents, frequent calibration and proper disposal of waste chemicals generated. Hence, a simple cost effective analytical method and instrumentation is highly desirable to aid the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arsenic removal by ferric-chloride coagulation – effect of phosphate, bicarbonate and silicate

    Jar tests with synthetic water were carried out in order to investigate the effect of phosphate, bicarbonate and silicate on arsenic removal efficiency by in-situ formed ferric hydroxide. Above 12 mg C/L inorganic carbon concentration, the adverse effect of bicarbonate was definite, and resulted in higher remaining arsenic concentration. At all pH values (7.5–7.8) and coagulant dosages (0.84–3.00 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full scale optimisation of sludge dewatering and phosphate removal at Harnaschpolder wwtp (The Hague, NL)

    At Harnaschpolder wwtp phosphate removal from wastewater and sludge dewatering is optimised by dosing magnesium hydroxide to digested sludge. To optimise sludge dewatering and phosphate removal, a full-scale test has been executed since August 2015 using temporary equipment. In this test magnesium hydroxide is added to the digested sludge buffer. Significant positive results are achieved. An ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of phosphate ions from aqueous solutions by a CeO2 functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell magnetic nanomaterial

    Phosphate is generally considered to be one of the nutrients for plants which may cause eutrophication of the aquatic environment. In this study, a CeO2-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell magnetic nanomaterial (denoted as Fe3O4@SiO2-CeO2) was prepared and used as the adsorbent to remove phosphate from water. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of leaching tests on phosphogypsum by infiltration-percolation

    The phosphoric acid production obtained by attacking phosphate rock by sulphuric acid cogenerates considerable quantities of phosphogypsum. The world cogeneration is estimated about 100–280 Mt per year. In another context of sustainable development, the phosphate chemical industry develops different ways of phosphogypsum valorization, which makes its storage stack in a suitable way for its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of Anionic Contamination & General Quality Testing in Water from Sewage Treatment Plants and Industrial Discharge & Effluents by Colorimetry

    Problem The high concentration of Industry, Agriculture and People in and around the United States has changed the “nature” of our environment. There are Toxic Metals coming from various metallurgical processes; Plating, Foundry, Smelting, Milling, etc., which are readily determined by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Volatile Organics from the many Petrochemical-based operations are ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Water quality in healthcare

    Rivers are important freshwater resources for many countries and human beings around the world. Social well being, economics and political development have been largely related to the availability and distribution of these freshwater resources. In many parts of the world the adverse health impacts of water supply from rivers, dam construction, irrigation development and flood mitigation have led ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Struvite Control and Phosphorus Removal Process for Centrate: Full-Scale Testing

    ABSTRACTThe North End Water Pollution Control Centre (NEWPCC) in Manitoba, Canada serves a population of approximately 380,000. The dry weather flow to the NEWPCC is approximately 175 ML/d (46 MGD). The plant uses anaerobic digestion and centrifuge dewatering in its solids treatment train. The centrate stream comprises approximately 20 percent of the plant’s phosphorus load. The plant suffers ...

  • Efficient Waste Water Treatment

    Clean drinking water is an essential need of mankind. Often surface water like rivers or lakes is used as drinking water source. To prevent these resources from pollution the effective treatment of waste water is a must. For example in China 75% of discharged waste water is coming from pulp and paper, textile and dyeing industries. To run a waste water treatment plant in the most efficient way ...


    By J.V. Niebergall

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

  • Webinar Recap: “Developing, Testing, and Troubleshooting Chromatography Method Transfer”

    Hi, I’m Tom Wheat, Principal Scientist at Waters, and I recently hosted a webinar entitled, “Developing, Testing and Troubleshooting Chromatography Method Transfer.” Over the course of the webinar, we discussed the transfer of chromatographic methods that occurs at many stages in the development and production of a product. In its simplest form, the method is moved from one ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • 3 Common Water Quality Concerns

    About 10 percent of pond owners experience water quality problems in their ponds. Unfortunately, most pond owners pay little attention to managing the quality of water and never get it tested. As a result, the problem is detected only when it gets worst. Water quality is influenced by both natural processes and external environmental factors.Natural factors may include the types of rock and soil ...


    By LG Sonic

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Ozone is Not Just for Residential Potable Water Treatment

    It has been over 170 years since the d iscovery of the ozone (O3) molecule. Since that time, scientists and engineers have been testing and evaluating ways to use ozone in many different processes, from water and air treatment to surface and food sanitation. The evolution was somewhat slow in the early days, taking nearly 50 years before Europeans found, in 1886, that ozone could be used for ...


    By ClearWater Tech LLC

  • Water quality dependence on the depth of the vadose zone in SAT-simulated soil columns

    ABSTRACTThree soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns were operated for five months to investigate the dependence of the treated water quality upon the depth of unsaturated vadose zone in terms of its organics, nitrogen and phosphorus contents. It was found that DOC removal was independent of the unsaturated vadose zone depth except during the initial flooding period when the effluent was injected ...


    By IWA Publishing

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