water pipe Articles

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Building Energy Modeling 101: HVAC Design and Operation Use Case

    A great deal of energy use in buildings goes toward heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC). In 2015, HVAC consumed 15.5 quads. The first step in reducing HVAC energy use is reducing heating and cooling load—i.e., the amount of heat that needs to be added to or removed from a building—typically by reducing heat from equipment and lighting; minimizing unnecessary ...


    By US Department of Energy

  • Why does modern aeration technology make the treasurer happy?

    The aerzen combined system provides optimum efficiencies at the wallau wastewater treatment plant The combination of different technologies for air conveying enablesoptimal energy use of oxygen for biological degradation processes in wastewater treatment plants. Concrete savings resulting from the use  of AERZEN machines demonstrate this in practice at the Wallau plant.  In 2016, ...


    By Aerzen USA Corporation

  • 99% of Interceptor contamination remediated - Case study

    What is an Interceptor Tank? An interceptor tank is a trap used to filter out hydrocarbon pollutants from rainwater runoff. It is typically used in road construction and on petrol station forecourts to prevent fuel contamination of the water table via runoff. Petrol interceptors work on the premise that some hydrocarbons such as petrol and diesel float on the ...


    By Slick Solutions

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Biocorrosion in drinking water pipes

    Copper is widely used in drinking water distribution systems due to its relatively low cost and favorable mechanical properties. However, copper corrosion may generate copper concentrations exceeding the thresholds prescribed by international drinking water standards. In-situ measurements performed in an actual system found that the copper mass released under flowing water conditions (pipe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Unique technology for monitoring piped water

    INTELLITECT WATER has launched a unique, highly innovative drinking water monitoring technology that will revolutionise the delivery of drinking water. The new technology monitors the quality of water in pipeline distribution networks and for the first time provides reliable data to protect the integrity of the water quality, to enhance customer satisfaction and to improve operational efficiency. ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • On the prediction of underground water pipe failures: zero inflation and pipe-specific effects

    The prediction of pipe failures in water distribution systems is an essential planning tool for water companies. Previous methods focus on the prediction of either future failure numbers or aspects of pipe condition. However, most of these only predict at the level of large pipe groups (of similar characteristics) and often cannot provide uncertainty bounds. Here, a new statistical method is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Review of rehabilitation strategies for water distribution pipes

    Effective rehabilitation strategies for water pipes play a very important role in both sustaining the reliability of water distribution systems and reducing costs. Pipe breakage prediction models provide a platform for effective rehabilitation strategies. The strength of the rehabilitation strategies is just an extension to those predictive models. There are different techniques and methods for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of unidirectional flushing in water distribution pipes

    In this study unidirectional flushing (UDF) was conducted to improve the effectiveness of deposit removal from internal pipe walls and to provide information on pipe networks to enable operators to implement flushing in field. Four ductile cast iron pipes with epoxy-lined and cement-lined were selected for the practice of UDF. Water pressure was measured using a data logger equipped with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organic compounds migrating from plastic pipes into water

    Case studies were carried out to identify potential chemical contaminants migrating to drinking water from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyethylene (PE) pipes, available on the Polish market. Analyses were carried out by gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS). Analysis of organotin compounds in water in contact with PVC pipes from different manufacturers found variability: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A practical decision scheme for the prioritization of water pipe replacement

    Most water distribution networks are assemblies of buried elements which makes their diagnosis complex and requires implementing an asset management (AM) policy of actions performed in the short, medium and long terms. To implement such an AM, decision makers must diagnose the condition of the asset by developing specific tools for establishing priorities between assets and plan the actions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Low Down on Pipes: A Look at Municipal Water

    We manufacture our portable remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and pipe crawlers for a variety of different industries and applications. Due to their robust design and versatility, Deep Trekker products have proven to be the ideal tools for many professionals and ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Preventing & Thawing Frozen Pipes

    A “how-to” guide on preventing and thawing frozen pipes. As temperatures drop below freezing around the country, it’s important to be informed of the cold weather’s effect on your water pipes. When temperatures are below freezing, pipes in unheated areas are subject to freezing causing messy, and often expensive issues. Just one burst pipe running at 4-8 ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Quadratic approximations for pipe friction

    This paper develops quadratic approximations to the classical models of Darcy–Weisbach and Hazen–Williams for frictional head loss in water pipes. Key elements of the technique are selecting the approximation domain and minimizing the relative error. A comparison for individual pipes over a range of diameter, roughness, and Reynolds number showed that the approximation provides ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characteristics of pipe-scale in the pipes of an urban drinking water distribution system in eastern China

    Pipes that carry drinking water have gradually aged. Events occurring with increasing frequency, such as substandard water quality in residential taps, red water, and black water, reveal the deterioration of the chemical stability of a drinking water distribution system (DWDS). Pipes in the DWDS serving City S, located in eastern China, were sampled to analyze the concentration and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-pipe monitors turn dreams into reality

    In-pipe monitors turn dreams into reality The quality of tap water has improved enormously in recent decades, but for largely technological reasons, until recently, knowledge of water quality between the treatment works and the tap has been an almost impossible dream for water treatment and distribution network managers. In this article, Jo Cooper, Product Specialist at Intellitect Water, will ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Leak behaviour in pressurized PVC pipes

    The correct definition of the leak law, i.e. the relationship between the leak outflow, the total head at the leak and other relevant parameters such as the pipe material, can seriously affect the accuracy of the numerical models used for the management of water distribution systems, either if they are used to forecast the leakage reduction by pressure management or to locate and size the leaks ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • PP pipe fitting mold, PPH belling fitting mould, water supply

    PP pipe fitting mould  PP pipe fitting mould can be divided as below series: 1. PP belling pipe fitting mould  2. PP drainage pipe fitting mould 3. ...


    By Focare Mould Co.,Ltd.

  • What’s in those new plastic pipes delivering drinking water?

    Lingering questions leave some concerned about a new generation of plumbing material The calls and e-mails arrive as often as several times a week from people with concerns about drinking water. Some of the callers — who include homeowners, architects and builders — want to know why their water smells like gasoline. Others want to know which kinds of pipes to ...


    By Ensia

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