water pollution target Articles

  • Water Pollution

    Water pollution is a major global problem that requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (from international down to individual aquifers and wells). It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water pollution

    Water pollution is a major problem in the global context. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases,1,2 and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily.2 An estimated 700 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet, and 1,000 Indian children die of diarrheal sickness every day.3 Some 90% of China's cities suffer from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Passive sampling for target and non‐target analyses of moderately polar and nonpolar substances in water

    The applicability of silicone rubber and low density polyethylene (LDPE) as passive sampling materials for target and non‐target analyses of moderately polar and non‐polar substances was assessed through a field deployment of samplers along a small polluted stream in Oslo (Norway). Silicone and LDPE samplers of identical surface area (but different volumes) were deployed at six sites in the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Diffuse pollution

    Diffuse Pollution or Nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is water pollution affecting a water body from diffuse sources, such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transboundary Pollution

    All pollutants can be transported through the aquatic environment and atmosphere, and many accumulate in downstream water bodies and their biota. The probability that pollution will cause transboundary impacts depends on the location of its source in relation to national boundaries, as well as the time it takes for a given pollutant to degrade. In general, microbial pollution is primarily a local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A New Strategy to Improve Water Quality—One Targeted Watershed at a Time

    Water quality in the United States remains a major environmental and policy challenge. Water pollution is also a growing and serious problem across much of the world. Tackling water quality problems, particularly from diffuse sources such as agricultural farm fields, is a substantial challenge and much can be learned from the U.S. experience. ...

  • Cost-Effective Control of Interdependent Water Pollutants

    Abstract  Excess nutrient loads to coastal waters lead to increased production of algae, which when decaying cause oxygen depletion in bottom sediments, which in turn leads to major changes in marine ecosystems. A cost-minimization model was investigated in which nitrogen and phosphorus were assumed to interact with respect to algae production. It was investigated under what conditions only ...


  • Proficiency test of non-target screening with gas chromatography mass spectrometry to confirm a detected contamination of raw and drinking water

    Much of the water supply industry has implemented online monitoring and warning systems for chemical or biological contaminations. When a contamination is detected, further investigations are necessary to confirm or to cancel the initial alarm. The proficiency of a non-target screening approach with solid phase extraction and GCMS in full-scan mode was examined. A selection of pesticides and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Improving Water Quality - A Review of the Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI) To Target U.S. Farm Conservation Funds

    This paper provides an assessment of the USDA’s Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI), a promising new approach to achieving cleaner water in agriculturally dominated watersheds in the United States. The initiative concentrates a portion of taxpayer-supported conservation funds in high-priority, targeted watersheds, which we found to be a better strategy than the ...

  • Let’s take a page from the Paris agreement and commit to a personal climate target

    As nations pledge greenhouse gas reductions, so should we More than 150 country representatives will convene in New York today to sign the historic Paris Agreement, a legally binding international pact to limit greenhouse gas pollution and build resilience to the effects of ...


    By Ensia

  • Questions and answers on the Commission Communication `Towards a Circular Economy` and the Waste Targets Review

    What is a circular economy? A circular economy preserves the value added in products for as long as possible and virtually eliminates waste. It retains the resources within the economy when a product has reached the end of its life, so that they remain in productive use and create further value. It may involve: Increasing the time products deliver their service before ...

  • Screening of organic pollutants in urban wastewater treatment plants and corresponding receiving waters

    There is a lack of knowledge in environmental pollution of the anthropogenic contaminants in wastewater and surface water. Several organic compounds merit special attention, because of their potential risk to the aquatic environment. Therefore, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry-based screening analyses were performed in order to identify anthropogenic organic contaminants and to reveal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the abatement potential and cost of Chinese industrial water pollutants

    Water pollution is becoming an increasing threat to China's sustainable development. To respond to this challenge, China has pledged to cut emissions of two major water pollutants, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen (NH4), and has disaggregated the national target among provinces. However, the abatement potential and costs have not been thoroughly assessed. This paper aims to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The public policies for reducing nonpoint water pollution between equity and efficiency

    This paper investigates if and how equity and efficiency could be reconciled when improving nitrogen-polluted groundwater of agricultural origin. This is achieved through comparing two pollution control programmes with respect to their costs, water quality impacts and correlation between abatement cost and polluting emissions. The fieldwork was done in a watershed, near the French Alps. It was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Organic and metallic pollutants in water treatment and natural wetlands: a review

    A literature review shows that more than 500 compounds occur in wetlands, and also that wetlands are suitable for removing these compounds. There are, however, obvious pitfalls for treatment wetlands, the most important being the maintenance of the hydraulic capacity and the detention time. Treatment wetlands should have an adapted design to target specific compounds. Aquatic plants and soils are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Foundries Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Printing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Breweries Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum emissions levels that are ...


    By The World Bank

  • IOT TRENDS AND ANALYSIS The Internet of Water Is Saving Lives While Battling Pollution

    he Problem A condition known as Legionnaires' disease has made headlines after it killed a dozen people in Flint, Michigan in 2014 and 2015 and sickened hundreds in  ...

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