water purification Articles

  • Water purification

    Water purification is a process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water. The goal is to produce water fit for a specific purpose. Most water is purified for human consumption (Drinking water) but water purification may also be designed for a variety of other purposes, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Nanotechnology for water purification

    This paper provides an overview of the different water treatment devices that incorporate nanotechnology. New sensor technology combined with micro and nanofabrication technology is expected to lead to small, portable and highly accurate sensors to detect chemical and biochemical parameters in water. Potential opportunities and risks associated with this technology are also highlighted.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Progressive Purification

    MPP Systems is a business specialising in developing, marketing, manufacturing and servicing water purification systems based on Macro Porous Polymers (MPP). The Macro Porous Polymer Extraction (MPPE) system is a highly effective, fully automated, remote controlled and guaranteed technology for removing hydrocarbons from water by means of extraction in an MPP bed. ...

  • Methods of Purification

    Water Innovations Water Systems Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • How LEDs Will Change Water Purification

    Ultraviolet (UV) light has been naturally purifying water for centuries. With clear skies, our sun can inactivate water-based pathogens in six hours minimum. Cloudy skies or unclear water causes imperfect conditions. These conditions allow for bacteria to grow and make natural water sources unsafe to use. Fortunately, we have developed several types of water disinfection, ranging from chemicals ...


    By AquiSense Technologies

  • Methods of fine oil purification

    High degree of oil purity is a normal requirement of modern hydraulic and lubrication systems. However, oil manufacturers sometimes fail to ensure the required oil purity, hence the need to purify the oil before operation One of the instruments of increasing efficiency of energy generation and consumption is reduction of resources consumed for its production with simultaneous increase ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Building a Perfect Purification Platform

    Dart NeuroScience is one of the largest privately owned biotech companies in San Diego with around 250 employees – and we have an interesting focus: memory. More specifically, our aim is to develop new technologies and therapies that can maintain or improve memory function and cognitive vitality. Much of our research is built on the work of ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Water Purification Challenges: ZLD, EDI, COP systems

    Applied Water Solutions was contacted by a client who planned to move their manufacturing facility to an area where there is strict limitations on water discharge. Working close with the client we created a process flow diagram (PFD) using multiple water purification technologies that provided pure water generation, water recycling capabilities and offsite disposal of solids. From the PFD we then ...

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced technology for water purification by heterogeneous photocatalysis

    The TiO2 photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) was examined using a prototype photoreactor fabricated by Nulite. The degradation of both pollutants proved very efficient as in 12 min it was possible to bring the concentration of 2,4-DCP from 10 to 0.5 p.p.m. and in a separate experiment the concentration of PCP from 100 to 0.5 p.p.b. The effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water purification: a sustainable technology for rural development

    This study deals with the preliminary investigation on combined treatment with the coagulative ability of Moringa oleifera seeds to reduce turbidity and to determine the effectiveness of solar disinfection for the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and coliforms on various turbid waters. Turbid water samples showed drastic reduction in microbial load and turbidity at time interval of 60 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case Study - Wiggins Road Water Purification Works

    ASW Engineering, a supplier of water treatment systems in southern Africa, was awarded the contract by Umgeni Water to refurbish 12 twin-cell rapid gravity sand filters. The company’s initial assessment of the problem was that the sealing between the filter nozzle sleeves and the concrete panels, and the sealant used in between the precast slabs of the filter floor, had deteriorated due to ...


    By Cadar Ltd.

  • Tensile deformation of polytetrafluoroethylene hollow fiber membranes used for water purification

    The tensile deformation behavior of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hollow fiber membranes is studied. PTFE membranes at present have sub-micron pores with an open cell structure, which plays a critical role in water purification. One of the main challenges in water purification is that the pore structure becomes covered with biofouling, leading to blocked pores. To maintain the capacity for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in water purification plants (WPPs) with advanced treatment processes

    A series of perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) surveys were conducted in two water purification plants (WPPs) having ozonation and granular activated carbon (GAC) filtration processes. In each plant, six different processes samples (source water, influent, coagulation-sedimentation effluent, ozonation effluent, GAC filtration effluent, and final tap water) were collected for two times and eight PFCs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of trichloramine formation by two-step chlorination in water purification processes

    Chlorinous odour in drinking water is of great concern in Japan. Some water utilities use trichloramine (NCl3) as an index of chlorinous odour and are attempting to control its levels in drinking water. In the present study, the effects of two-step chlorination, involving addition of chlorine twice, on NCl3 control were investigated. The results regarding ammonia (NH3), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of a hybrid phytosystem in landscape water purification and herbicides removal

    The performance of a hybrid phytosystem in landscape water purification and herbicides removal was investigated. The phytosystem operating in an arboretum is located in the Minhang Campus of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. The phytosystem is composed of two purification stages: sedimentation Stage 1 without external air supply; and Stage 2 with an external air supply. Stage 2 is also ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • R&D areas for next-generation desalination and water purification technologies

    By 2020, desalination and water purification technologies are expected to contribute significantly to ensure a safe, sustainable, affordable and adequate water supply in India. The cost of producing water from the current-generation desalination technologies has declined over time at a rate of only approximately 4% per year. Hence the need to accelerate our Research and Development (R&D) ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A study of feasibility for water purification using vertical porous concrete filter

    Abstract: There is a need to find cheaper and simpler techniques for rural water filtration system in developing countries. Using a filter made of blocks for the water treatment enables one to make vertical filters. It is expected that the amount of land utilized would decrease by more than 70 % if vertical filters were used. The operation and washing would be simpler than using horizontal sand ...

  • gaiasafe filter products for drinking water purification - Case Study

    Problem In some water works chlorination of drinking water is used to eliminate mikrobes. Chlorinated water may have disagreable taste and smell. Some water works use aluminium salts to clean the water. This leads to low concentrations of aluminium in drinking water. Today it is known that aluminium may be toxic to men. Old piping installations inside or outside private homes often where ...


    By gaiasafe GmbH

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