water purification Articles

  • Water purification

    Water purification is a process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water. The goal is to produce water fit for a specific purpose. Most water is purified for human consumption (Drinking water) but water purification may also be designed for a variety of other purposes, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nanotechnology for water purification

    This paper provides an overview of the different water treatment devices that incorporate nanotechnology. New sensor technology combined with micro and nanofabrication technology is expected to lead to small, portable and highly accurate sensors to detect chemical and biochemical parameters in water. Potential opportunities and risks associated with this technology are also highlighted.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Dissolved Solids and Water Purification

    To make drinking water palatable, the level of dissolved substances (TDS) can’t be too high, but it also can’t be too low Water quality metrics are needed to ensure that surface and groundwater – common sources of water for human consumption – are free from contaminants and pollutants. The level of dissolved solids, also commonly referred to as total ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Reverse Osmosis and Water Purification

    From water reuse to desalination, reverse osmosis plays a key role in supplying fresh water where it’s needed ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Progressive Purification

    MPP Systems is a business specialising in developing, marketing, manufacturing and servicing water purification systems based on Macro Porous Polymers (MPP). The Macro Porous Polymer Extraction (MPPE) system is a highly effective, fully automated, remote controlled and guaranteed technology for removing hydrocarbons from water by means of extraction in an MPP bed. ...

  • Methods of Purification

    Water Innovations Water Systems Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • How LEDs Will Change Water Purification

    Ultraviolet (UV) light has been naturally purifying water for centuries. With clear skies, our sun can inactivate water-based pathogens in six hours minimum. Cloudy skies or unclear water causes imperfect conditions. These conditions allow for bacteria to grow and make natural water sources unsafe to use. Fortunately, we have developed several types of water disinfection, ranging from chemicals ...


    By AquiSense Technologies

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Advanced technology for water purification by heterogeneous photocatalysis

    The TiO2 photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) was examined using a prototype photoreactor fabricated by Nulite. The degradation of both pollutants proved very efficient as in 12 min it was possible to bring the concentration of 2,4-DCP from 10 to 0.5 p.p.m. and in a separate experiment the concentration of PCP from 100 to 0.5 p.p.b. The effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water purification: a sustainable technology for rural development

    This study deals with the preliminary investigation on combined treatment with the coagulative ability of Moringa oleifera seeds to reduce turbidity and to determine the effectiveness of solar disinfection for the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and coliforms on various turbid waters. Turbid water samples showed drastic reduction in microbial load and turbidity at time interval of 60 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Purification Challenges: ZLD, EDI, COP systems

    Applied Water Solutions was contacted by a client who planned to move their manufacturing facility to an area where there is strict limitations on water discharge. Working close with the client we created a process flow diagram (PFD) using multiple water purification technologies that provided pure water generation, water recycling capabilities and offsite disposal of solids. From the PFD we then ...

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case Study - Wiggins Road Water Purification Works

    ASW Engineering, a supplier of water treatment systems in southern Africa, was awarded the contract by Umgeni Water to refurbish 12 twin-cell rapid gravity sand filters. The company’s initial assessment of the problem was that the sealing between the filter nozzle sleeves and the concrete panels, and the sealant used in between the precast slabs of the filter floor, had deteriorated due to ...


    By Cadar Ltd.

  • The role of a hybrid phytosystem in landscape water purification and herbicides removal

    The performance of a hybrid phytosystem in landscape water purification and herbicides removal was investigated. The phytosystem operating in an arboretum is located in the Minhang Campus of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. The phytosystem is composed of two purification stages: sedimentation Stage 1 without external air supply; and Stage 2 with an external air supply. Stage 2 is also ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water purification by functionalised self-assembled monolayers on silica particles

    This study focuses on a novel method to remove bio molecules and pathogens of different nature, such as proteins, viruses and oocysts, from water by silica particles coated with functionalised self-assembled monolayers. The results clearly show that organic species can efficiently be removed at pH ranges of drinking water by stirring the coated particles in the contaminated water for up to 60 min ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • gaiasafe filter products for drinking water purification - Case Study

    Problem In some water works chlorination of drinking water is used to eliminate mikrobes. Chlorinated water may have disagreable taste and smell. Some water works use aluminium salts to clean the water. This leads to low concentrations of aluminium in drinking water. Today it is known that aluminium may be toxic to men. Old piping installations inside or outside private homes often where ...


    By gaiasafe GmbH

  • Everything You Need to Know About UV Water Purification

    If you draw water from a well or lake and are concerned about its quality, a UV Water purification system might give you the peace of mind your water is safe to use. Households on municipal water systems are not completely safe either, as water main breaks and broken pipes which can lead to water contamination occur frequently. The ultraviolet water purification process uses ultraviolet light or ...


    By AquaBSafe

  • Control of trichloramine formation by two-step chlorination in water purification processes

    Chlorinous odour in drinking water is of great concern in Japan. Some water utilities use trichloramine (NCl3) as an index of chlorinous odour and are attempting to control its levels in drinking water. In the present study, the effects of two-step chlorination, involving addition of chlorine twice, on NCl3 control were investigated. The results regarding ammonia (NH3), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tensile deformation of polytetrafluoroethylene hollow fiber membranes used for water purification

    The tensile deformation behavior of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hollow fiber membranes is studied. PTFE membranes at present have sub-micron pores with an open cell structure, which plays a critical role in water purification. One of the main challenges in water purification is that the pore structure becomes covered with biofouling, leading to blocked pores. To maintain the capacity for ...


    By IWA Publishing

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