water purification sand filter Articles

  • Water purification

    Water purification is a process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water. The goal is to produce water fit for a specific purpose. Most water is purified for human consumption (Drinking water) but water purification may also be designed for a variety of other purposes, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Methods of Purification

    Water Innovations Water Systems Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • A study of feasibility for water purification using vertical porous concrete filter

    Abstract: There is a need to find cheaper and simpler techniques for rural water filtration system in developing countries. Using a filter made of blocks for the water treatment enables one to make vertical filters. It is expected that the amount of land utilized would decrease by more than 70 % if vertical filters were used. The operation and washing would be simpler than using horizontal sand ...

  • How Thames Water reinvented its fast sand filters

    World best filter material for purification of drinking When algal blooms put the sand filters under pressure, Thames Water started its own in-house research into new filter materials. Not only did the effort cure the constraint, the use of new filter materials has saved millions in investments. Fast Cleaning To purify water with ...

  • Influence of operating parameters on the performance of a household slow sand filter

    The biosand filter (BSF), an intermittently operated household slow sand filter, is one of the commonly used household water purification methods in the rural areas of developing countries. In this study, long-duration tests were conducted in the laboratory to investigate the influence of two important operating parameters, namely the pause period (idle time) and the charge volume on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of contaminants and pathogens from secondary effluents using intermittent sand filters

    Intermittent infiltration percolation of wastewater through unsaturated sand bed is an extensive treatment technique aimed at eliminating organic matter, oxidizing ammonium and removing pathogens. The main purpose of this study was to determine the depuration efficiencies of a sand filter to remove contaminants from secondary wastewater effluents. Elimination of pathogenic bacteria (total and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological aspects of slow sand filtration: past, present and future

    For over 200 years, slow sand filtration (SSF) has been an effective means of treating water for the control of microbiological contaminants in both small and large community water supplies. However, such systems lost popularity to rapid sand filters mainly due to smaller land requirements and less sensitivity to water quality variations. SSF is still a particularly attractive process because its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gravity self-backwashing filters

    The filtration of make-up and side-stream water in closed cooling circuits, operated through cooling towers, is a fundamental step to ensure safe and continuous operations in a power plant. Water - required in large amounts for this application - should not be wasted, and the potential damages deriving from a poor treatment must be avoided at all cost. BONO ARTES has developed a technical ...


    By Artes Ingegneria SpA

  • Bedrichov Water Treatment Plant - Case Study

    By replacing the filter sand with Filtralite, Bedrichov Water Treatment Plant reduced energy cost by 75 %, doubled the production capacity of each filter and today delivers the best drinking water ever Time is running out The use of sand for water filtering is most likely the oldest method in history for treating water for consumption. Sand is still today widely used ...

  • Indestructible Pumps for Clean Water

    Sulzer pumps are used in the production of drinking water in many cities around the world. The special qualities that these pumps possess can be seen at the Zurich Municipal Water Utility. There, the operators have to cope with rising land and energy prices and a challenging topography. A small water flea plays a major role in Zurich. It swims around in a container of drinking water with some of ...


    By Sulzer

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Treating Industrial Water with Membrane Technology

    A variety of industries are finding that it makes sense to reevaluate the way they treat industrial process water, both to improve the quality of their products and increase the efficiency of their processes. Purification systems utilizing crossflow membrane filtration, such as reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) or ultrafiltration (UF) can be a good alternative to traditional filtration ...


  • Whitepaper: Chemical-physical Water Treatment, Filtration and Flocculation

    Introduction In water treatment plants chemical-physical processes play an essential part in the process chain. They are successfully employed in the pre- and post-treatment of waters of different origins, as well as of other process liquids. In this regard the removal of particles by filtration is a central step. Classical filtration processes are used for particles ranging from ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Reverse Osmosis: How Does It Figure Into a Dialysis Water System?

    Better than 95% of all dialysis centers use water purification equipment to purify water for dialysis. The centerpiece of these water purification systems has become reverse osmosis. In conjunction with sound pretreatment, RO has proven itself to be the safest, most reliable, and most economical method of purifying water for dialysis. Water plays an important, life-sustaining role for dialysis ...

  • Sustainable wastewater separation treatment systems coupled with nutrient and water reducing greywater reuse technologies

    Nationally and internationally, pressure is increasing to introduce nutrient reducing, water conserving and recycling measures for sustainable residential and small community water/wastewater systems. Reports of inadequate water quality and quantity are being reported daily. Over the past thirty years the federal government and State of Alaska have invested over 4 billion dollars installing piped ...


    By Equaris Corporation

  • Understanding Crossflow Filtration

    There's a lot of attention being given to water availability and purity, with good reason. Obtaining enough water is a struggle in some areas. In others, water is tainted with contaminants. It is therefore predictable that regulations and economics will force careful water treatment and stress water re-use. Fortunately, there are water treatment methods that can help you meet the water quality ...


  • Using Nanofiltration in Beverage Production

    The following article is based on a paper presented in August, 1990 at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in San Diego. Soft drink manufacturers, not to mention manufacturers of other beverage products, have always had a keen interest in the water that goes into their products. After all, it is the water that typically makes up 80%-90% of the product. In the past the water has ...

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