water quality Articles

  • Coagulation and flocculation in the Helsinki drinking water treatment plant

    The raw water for Finland’s capital Helsinki is pumped from Lake Päijänne, located approximately 120 km away, via a tunnel to two water treatment plants, where it is treated and purified. This secures sufficient drinking water of excellent quality for around one million people. In the drinking water treatment plant in Vanhakaupunki 18 HYPERCLASSIC® Evolution7 mixers and three ...

  • Beyond Laboratory Research on White Rust and Passivation

    EVAPCO initiated an in-depth study to investigate the formation and control of white rust. This study, which began over three years ago, led to the development of industry-leading research equipment specifically designed to evaluate white rust formation on evaporative heat transfer surfaces. A small-scale closed circuit cooler was designed and built to replicate the dynamic conditions ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • What is turbidity?

    Turbidity measures the relative clarity of a water sample. It is determined by the amount of scattering that occurs when a light source is shined through a water sample. Light scattering is caused by increased concentrations of suspended particles in water that are not individually visible to the naked eye, which can give the water a cloudy appearance. This parameter is used as a general ...


    By MANTECH

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Automated Titration Analysis Enhances Productivity - White Paper

    Multi-Parameter Analysis and Enhanced Productivity by the Consolidation of Inorganic Wet Chemistry Methods Summary Multi-tasking and time allocations are key components to running an efficient laboratory and decreasing the cost per analysis for pH, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, fluoride and ammonia.  The cost of analysis has risen over the years while ...


    By MANTECH

  • Development and Application of Oxygen Demand Testing using Industrial Effluent - Case Study

    Abstract The purpose of this study is to develop capacity and protocols for oxygen demand testing that can be used for instruction and research within the BioScience Technology program. For application purposes we chose the PeCOD® Analyzer which offers a unique nanotechnology-based approach to Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis. Background ...


    By MANTECH

  • Drinking Water Quality

    Drinking water or potable water is water of sufficiently high quality that it can be consumed or used without risk of immediate or long term harm. In most developed countries, the water supplied to households, commerce and industry is all of drinking water standard, even though only a very small ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality Modelling

    Water quality modelling involves the prediction of water pollution using mathematical simulation techniques. A typical water quality model consists of a collection of formulations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality in South Asia

    Abstract:There are significant differences in the water chemistry of the Himalayan and southern peninsular rivers. Large and small rivers also show different types of water quality. Liquid and solid waste definitely contribute to water quality in urban centres such as Delhi and even coastal regions, as near Mumbai, are affected by waste discharges. The sub-continent also suffers from problems ...


  • Water quality in the Arosa Bay

    Background One of the great impediments to further development of shellfish aquaculture in the north-west region of Spain isa perception that industry expansion and tourism could have negative environmental effects on the coastal waters. Especially the bay around Villagarcia de Arosa is very famous because of its excellent areas for shellfish farming. The government of Spain is ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Water quality measurement extreme

    Background The characteristics of the Rio Tinto in the south-west of Spain, near Sevilla, are his ruby colour and the extremely sour pH-value between 0 and 2 pH-units. The river carries a mixture between poisonous heavy metals like copper, nickel, arsenic, iron and cadmium, dissolved in high-percent sulphuric acid. It’s not proved where these unusual conditions come from. As per current ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Ensuring Water Quality in Africa

    Water is essential for life, and “access to safe water is a fundamental human and, therefore, a basic human right.” With this statement and his address on World Water Day in 2001, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan put a spotlight on what continues to be a global problem: clean water. This year completes the UN “Water for Life” international decade for ...


    By ASTM International

  • Water Quality & Treatment Centers

    A look at the quality of water and the importance of inspecting the integrity of water treatment centers. Water…clear…cold…refreshing. It’s often your “go-to” beverage for quenching thirst after a vigorous activity. We are very fortunate that often within arm’s reach, rests a glass of water. Without hesitation or worry, you can pick it ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Recycled Water Quality

    Matching recycled water quality to beneficial uses requires an understanding of health and environmental requirements. Measures to achieve appropriate recycled water quality are determined firstly by treatment. The degree of treatment depends in part on the source and the hydraulic and biochemical characters of the wastewater. Overall recycled water outcomes may also be controlled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

  • Water quality in healthcare

    Rivers are important freshwater resources for many countries and human beings around the world. Social well being, economics and political development have been largely related to the availability and distribution of these freshwater resources. In many parts of the world the adverse health impacts of water supply from rivers, dam construction, irrigation development and flood mitigation have led ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mining Water Quality Application

    Isaac Plains Coal Mine Isaac Plains is an open cut coal mine, in Northern Queensland, Australia. The Isaac Plains Project operates under an Environmental Authority (EA). One of the environmental monitoring requirements which must be met is monitoring water. These include potable water, mine affected water, natural creek flows, water releases, groundwater and the receiving environment. The ...


    By ANDalyze

  • Water Quality and Purity

    Even an advanced country like the United States is facing significant water problems relating to availability, purity, and quality. Over 700 chemicals have been detected in U.S. drinking water as it comes out of the tap. EPA has classified 129 of them as being particularly dangerous. Drinking bottled water does not assure the absence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Quality

    The quality of drinking-water is a powerful environmental determinant of health. Drinking-water quality management has been a key pillar of primary prevention for over one-and-a-half centuries and it continues to be the foundation for the prevention and control of waterborne diseases. Water is essential for life, but it can and does transmit disease in countries in all continents – from the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tools to improve water quality

    This post is part of a series on World Water Week, an annual event designed to draw attention to and discuss global water issues. Read more posts in this series. Agricultural production often comes at the expense of water quality. As my colleague, Mindy Selman, ...

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