water quality analyzer Articles

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

  • Ensuring Water Quality in Africa

    Water is essential for life, and “access to safe water is a fundamental human and, therefore, a basic human right.” With this statement and his address on World Water Day in 2001, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan put a spotlight on what continues to be a global problem: clean water. This year completes the UN “Water for Life” international decade for ...


    By ASTM International

  • Water Quality Changes During 500-Year Flood Controlled with Sievers TOC Analyzer

    During September 20–21, 2009, over 18 inches of rain fell in Acworth, Georgia. The U.S. Geological Survey called this an epic 500-year flood for the area and one of the worst floods in the U.S. during the past 100 years. The flooding caused the local drinking water treatment plant, Cobb County-Marietta Water Authority, to see a rapid decrease in the Allatoona Reservoir source water ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Water Quality Parameters Along Rivers

    Water samples have been collected from a part of Surma River along different points and analyzed for various water quality parameters during dry and monsoon periods. Effects of industrial wastes, municipal sewage, and agricultural runoff on river water quality have been investigated. The study was conducted within the Chattak to Sunamganj portion of Surma River, which is significant due to the ...

  • Water Quality Assessment and Onshore Development in Tropical Waters

    Standards for bacteriological recreational water quality in Puerto Rico are those proposed by US EPA. The standard for primary contact recreational use has both single-sample limits and running- average threshold limits based on historical data developed for the specific site. La Parguera is the site of a Special Marine Reserve and counts among its unusual habitats a phosphorescent bay, important ...

  • Impact of fertilizer plant effluent on water quality

    The impact of National Fertilizer Company of Nigeria outfall effluent on the physicochemistry and bacteriology of Okrika creek was investigated during the sampling period from May to December, 1998. The National Fertilizer Company of Nigeria outfall effluent, the Okrika creek water and the Ikpukulubie creek (control) water samples were collected. The physico-chemical parameters analyzed for all ...

  • Case study - Water quality in the Mississippi Basin

    A resilient method for monitoring water quality and nitrate levels in the harsh aquatic environment of the Mississippi River, in section 16, was required by the University of Iowa -IIHR. The monitoring of continually accurate water quality data was important for analysis, in conjunction with the diurnal mussel study of the University of Iowa. Monitoring water over extended periods of time in ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Lake Water Quality Model with Focus on Cyanobacteria

    ABSTRACTThe cause of cyanobacteria’s growth and dominance in certain eutrophic lakes is explored via a water quality model application. The one-dimensional lake water quality model includes nitrogen, phosphorus, silica, three phytoplankton groups and zooplankton. Lake Washington was used as the case study due to its unique history of eutrophication during a large wastewater nutrient loading ...

  • Modeling of eutrophication and strategies for improvement of water quality in reservoirs

    The purpose of this study is to survey the thermal regime and eutrophication states in Ilam reservoir in Iran as the case study. For this purpose and to find solutions for improving the water's quality in the reservoir, two general strategies for reducing the entering pollution loads and water depletions from the reservoir's outlets were analyzed by use of the CE-QUAL-W2 model. Results of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Topological clustering as a tool for planning water quality monitoring in water distribution networks

    Topological clustering was explored as a tool for water supply utilities in preparation of monitoring and contamination contingency plans. A complex water distribution network model of Copenhagen, Denmark, was simplified by topological clustering into recognizable water movement patterns to: (1) identify steady clusters for a part of the network where an actual contamination has occurred; (2) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A methodological strategy to analyze and improve the French rainwater harvesting regulation in relation to quality

    In 2008, France implemented a regulation framework for rainwater harvesting (RWH). This framework implicitly defines several categories of rainwater quality for different uses through specific technical requirements to be implemented. This paper presents a detailed analysis of these requirements. Then, results concerning the bacteriological and physicochemical water quality from past on-site ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality assessment of Malad Creek, Mumbai, India: an impact of sewage and tidal water

    The aim of the study was to carry out water quality assessment and to identify sources responsible for deterioration of quality in the Malad creek, Mumbai, India. Creek receives sewage and wastewater from various drains and partially treated effluent from Malad and Versova treatment facilities. To assess the water quality, sampling locations were identified in the creek based on discharges of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality assessment of Malad Creek, Mumbai, India: an impact of sewage and tidal water

    The aim of the study was to carry out water quality assessment and to identify sources responsible for deterioration of quality in the Malad creek, Mumbai, India. Creek receives sewage and wastewater from various drains and partially treated effluent from Malad and Versova treatment facilities. To assess the water quality, sampling locations were identified in the creek based on discharges of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality perceptions and willingness to pay for clean water in peri-urban Cambodian communities

    This paper studies household demand for improved water quality in peri-urban Cambodia, with particular attention paid to the influence of water quality on willingness to pay (WTP). Utilizing data from 915 household surveys, we analyze responses to a contingent valuation scenario using multivariate logit regression techniques that account for subjective perceptions of water quality. We estimate a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality Benefits of Grass Swales in Managing Highway Runoff

    ABSTRACTGrass swales are a vegetated stormwater management technology that can remove surface runoff contamination through sedimentation, filtration by the grass blades, infiltration to the soil, and likely some biological processes. Two full-scale grass swales in the median of a four-lane highway were monitored during 18 storm events to characterize the overall performance of grass swales as a ...

  • Why is Calibration of Water Quality Testing Equipment so Important?

    The calibration of water quality testing equipment is as important as the tuning of a musical instrument. When people find out I’m a chemist, the first thing they ask me is, “Are you Walter White?” (This shows you the kind of people I typically run into). The second thing they ask me is, “Why is calibration so important?” Simply stated, calibration is how we adjust ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) as a Tool for Water Quality Management

    Whole effluent toxicity (WET) testing has evolved into a critical element of many National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits issued to both industrial and municipal dischargers. Over 6,500 dischargers to both fresh and salt waters are required to conduct toxicity tests to determine if their effluent might be potentially toxic to organisms in the receiving system. While ...


    By AECOM

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • Dynamic risk assessment model for water quality on projection pursuit cluster

    With the aim of reducing the losses from water pollution, a dynamic risk assessment model for water quality is studied in this paper. This model is built on the projection pursuit cluster principle and risk indexes in the complex system, proceeding from the whole structure and its component parts. In this paper, the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process is used to screen out index system and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality and antifungal susceptibility of opportunistic yeast pathogens from rivers

    Yeasts from water sources have been associated with diseases ranging from superficial mucosal infections to life threatening diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the water quality as well as diversity and antifungal susceptibility of yeasts from two rivers. Yeast levels and physico-chemical parameter data were analyzed by principal component analysis to determine correlations ...


    By IWA Publishing

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