water quality assessment Articles

  • Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment

    The book attempts to covers the main fields of water quality issues presenting case studies in various countries concerning the physicochemical characteristics of surface and groundwaters and possible pollution sources as well as methods and tools for the evaluation of water quality status. This book is divided into two sections: Statistical Analysis of Water Quality Data;Water Quality Monitoring ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality Assessment and Onshore Development in Tropical Waters

    Standards for bacteriological recreational water quality in Puerto Rico are those proposed by US EPA. The standard for primary contact recreational use has both single-sample limits and running- average threshold limits based on historical data developed for the specific site. La Parguera is the site of a Special Marine Reserve and counts among its unusual habitats a phosphorescent bay, important ...

  • Assessment of River Water Quality in Northwestern Greece

    The effect of land use patterns on river water quality was studied in three different river basins located in Epirus, Northwestern Greece. Studies were conducted from October 2000 to {September} 2001. During this period, the parameters chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), NO2–, NO3–, NH4+ and PO43– were measured, employing standard methods of analysis. The results were ...


    By Springer

  • Turbidity tubes for drinking water quality assessments

    Turbidity tubes have been considered to be the field method of choice for drinking water quality monitoring in resource-limited contexts because of their relative simplicity and low cost in comparison with conventional (nephelometric) turbidimeters. These tubes utilise the principle of visual extinction of a submerged target for turbidity determination and were therefore thought to be subject to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing water quality in Europe using stratification techniques

    This report aims to provide information in relation to the trends of major nutrients in rivers. It focuses both on the trends considered as indicators of water quality status and on the possible differences in trends in relation to main driving forces (agriculture, urbanisation). Referring to the driving forces — pressures — state — impact — response (DPSIR)assessment framework of the EEA, the ...

  • Selection of monitoring locations for storm water quality assessment

    Storm water runoff is a major contributor to the pollution of receiving waters. Storm water characteristics may vary significantly between locations and events. Hence, for each given location, this necessitates a well-designed monitoring campaign prior to selection of an appropriate storm water management strategy. The challenge for the design of a monitoring campaign with a given budget is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality assessment of a polluted urban river

    Urban rivers in Latin America are heavily impacted by human activities that affect their functions and services. This paper shows the results of a water quality assessment for the Reconquista River, the second most polluted urban river in Argentina. They allowed the identification of the main processes of transport of pollutants and the prioritisation of different areas of the basin for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated approach for urban water quality assessment

    This paper introduces an integrated approach for the assessment of receiving water quality and the relative contribution of the urban drainage system to perceived receiving water quality problems. The approach combines mass balances with relatively simple receiving water impact models. The research project has learned that the urban drainage system is only one of the determining factors with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation adequacy assessment of water quality of Rosetta Branch

    Quality status of fresh waterways in Egypt, especially those that receive agricultural drainage water such as Rosetta Branch (RB), is critical for most of its water uses. However, the country depends on this marginal quality water to fill the gap between demand and supply. Therefore, the need for effective/economic water management tools turn into an obligation. Mathematical models can be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pioneering Primer from Plastics Pipe Institute

    With administrative offices located in Dallas, Texas, The Plastics Pipe Institute Inc. (PPI) is the major trade association representing all segments of the plastics piping industry. PPI members share a common interest in broadening awareness and creating opportunities that expand market share and extend the use of plastics pipe in all its many applications. As an association, PPI focuses ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Ecological Quality Ratios for Ecological Quality Assessment in Inland and Marine Waters

    The REBECCA project focuses on establishing quantitative relationships between physicochemical and hydromorphological pressures and biological indicators. One of the major applications of such relationships is to support the establishment of WFD compliant assessment and classification methods. All EU Member States are required to establish such methods for the different biological quality ...


  • Assessment of groundwater quality in sunamganj of Bangladesh

    Huge quantities of groundwater, particularly from the shallow aquifers, are used for irrigation in Bangladesh and in the absence of adequate surface water in the dry season, irrigation becomes heavily dependent on groundwater. The water quality management is essential for long-term irrigation system as it persuades the soil properties. In irrigation water evaluation, emphasis is given on chemical ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Development of a water quality assessment model: a water quality assessment model based on watershed characteristics by non-linear regression

    Here, a water quality assessment model (WQAM) is developed by non-linear regression as an alternative to physical watershed modeling in South Korea. Three cases and 10 scenarios are applied and reviewed to determine the most appropriate WQAM. The three cases are: (1) the area size allocation of sub-watersheds, (2) the watershed imperviousness ratio, and (3) the combination of the area size and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geospatial water quality assessment system for the Sg. Buloh river basin in Malaysia

    Assessment of pollution risk requires the assimilation of spatio-temporally variable data on water quality parameters. This paper describes a GIS user-interface program coupled with a water quality index (WQI) model that was developed and built to assess water quality in the Sg. Buloh river basin. Fifty-two water sampling stations were selected for this study, and the WQI model considers ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Quality Risk Assessment for Dredging Operations, Plymouth Sound, UK

    ABSTRACTAs part of a formal Environmental Impact Assessment for a port development project in Plymouth Sound, UK, the potential risk of a deterioration in water quality from capital dredging was informed by the application of a probabilistic risk approach. In the absence of UK statutory sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) to assess acceptability of dredging operations, non-statutory guidelines are ...


    By Oracle Crystal Ball GBU

  • Dynamic risk assessment model for water quality on projection pursuit cluster

    With the aim of reducing the losses from water pollution, a dynamic risk assessment model for water quality is studied in this paper. This model is built on the projection pursuit cluster principle and risk indexes in the complex system, proceeding from the whole structure and its component parts. In this paper, the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process is used to screen out index system and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the impact of traditional septic tank soakaway systems on water quality in Ireland

    One of the key threats to groundwater and surface water quality in Ireland is the impact of poorly designed, constructed or maintained on-site wastewater treatment systems. An extensive study was carried out to quantify the impact of existing sites on water quality. Six existing sites, consisting of a traditional septic tank and soakaway system, located in various ranges of subsoil ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of data and parameter uncertainties in integrated water-quality model

    In integrated urban drainage water quality models, due to the fact that integrated approaches are basically a cascade of sub-models (simulating sewer system, wastewater treatment plant and receiving water body), uncertainty produced in one sub-model propagates to the following ones depending on the model structure, the estimation of parameters and the availability and uncertainty of measurements ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sediment contact tests as a tool for the assessment of sediment quality in German waters

    A sediment contact test (SCT) battery consisting of five ecotoxicological test systems was applied to 21 native freshwater sediments characterized by a broad variety of geochemical properties and anthropogenic contamination. Higher plants (Myriophyllum aquaticum), nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans), oligochaetes (Lumbriculus variegatus), zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio), and bacteria ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Accounting for metal bioavailability in assessing water quality: A step change?

    Bioavailability of metals to aquatic organisms can be considered to be a combination of the physicochemical factors governing metal behavior and the specific pathophysiological characteristics of the organism's biological receptor. Effectively this means that a measure of bioavailability will reflect the exposures that organisms in the water column actually “experience”. This is important ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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