water quality law Articles

  • Microbiological water quality of the Nišava River

    Microorganisms are the ideal indicators of the organic pollution of the surface waters because of their ability to promptly respond to environmental changes. Due to poor economic situation and lack of law implementation, most wastewaters in Serbia are released directly into a surface water recipient without any, or a limited, treatment. This practice has created numerous highly polluted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Subject Index: Environmental Law Review 13 (2011)

    Aberdeen bypass 117-118 Access, coastal 224. 326 Access, public 137 Access to information see Freedom of information Access to justice 74, 115-123, 234-235 see also Public participation ACReS (Agricultural Carbon Reduction Scheme) 15 AD (anaerobic digestion) 131, 142,237-238,238-239 Adaptive management 159 Advertising green claims guidance 146 misleading 229 Advisory ...


  • Private rights, public interests and water use conflicts: evolving water law and policy in Michigan

    Water conflicts are rare across Michigan's history. As a result, water rights have received little attention by courts or the legislature. Traditionally, the common law of water rights in Michigan embraces the riparian doctrine for surface water and provides landowners with the right to use groundwater. However, two recent changes in common and statutory law significantly modify the legal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coastal water quality in the Kihei and Lahaina districts of the island of Maui, Hawaiian Islands. Impacts from physical habitat and groundwater seepage: implications for water quality standards

    Water quality in terms of nutrient concentrations, turbidity, suspended solids, and chlorophyll a, was studied during 2000–2001 at a total of 27 beaches in the Kihei and West Maui–Lahaina districts of Maui, Hawaiian Islands. Nitrate concentrations varied widely and averaged as much as 15–20 µM at some beaches. Most turbidities fell in the range 1–10 nephelometric turbidity units. Resuspension of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing long-term water quality impacts of reducing phosphorus fertilizer in a US suburban watershed

    Phosphorus run-off from urban lawn care is a significant water quality concern in many US suburban communities. Many state and municipal governments in the USA adopt urban fertilizer laws or ordinances that prohibit the use of phosphorus-containing lawn fertilizers. This study assesses the long-term water-quality impacts of two phosphorus-reduction scenarios in a suburban watershed in Central ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the impact of industrial effluents on water quality of receiving rivers in urban areas of Malawi

    A study was carried out in Malawi to assess the extent of chemical pollution in a receiving river as affected by industrial effluents. Both the effluents and the water at selected points in the river were analysed for pH, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, electrical conductivity, suspended solids, nitrate, alkalinity, hardness, chloride and phosphate in the dry and rainy seasons. The ...

  • Innovative Strategies to Apply Water Quality Criteria for Bacteria: A 50-State Survey of EPA-Approved Approaches for Freshwaters

    ABSTRACTSection 101 of the Clean Water Act requires recreational activities to be protected when and where they occur. States, which have adopted a wide variety of strategies to meet this obligation, have one or more formal use classifications to recognize different types of recreational activities. Most states have developed narrative or numeric water quality criteria to limit pathogen pollution ...

  • Quality standards of the output fractions after the material specific treatment

    The modern era of waste management did not begin in Germany until the mid-1960s. At that time the federal government established the legal basis for proper waste disposal which designated local communities responsible for the disposal of waste. In October 1965 the “Central Office for Waste Disposal” was founded by the federal government and the states (BILITEWSKI et al. 1997). Until the end of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The impact of international shipping on European air quality and climate forcing

    Due to its dependence on fossil fuel combustion and the fact that it is one of the least regulated anthropogenic emission sources, emissions from the marine transport sector contribute significantly to air pollution and climate change. The main objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature and reports, taking into account expert knowledge, on the maritime ...

  • Clean Water Act

    The Clean Water Act (CWA) is the primary federal law in the United States governing water pollution. Passed in 1972, the act established the goals of eliminating releases of high amounts of toxic substances into water, eliminating additional water pollution by 1985, and ensuring that surface waters would meet standards necessary for human sports and recreation by 1983. The principal body of law ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Know thy water: the first commandment of water pricing

    Recent blogs by the Commission have explored water pricing as an ecofiscal solution to the current water drought in California and in British Columbia. It’s a hot issue in Canada, especially now.   In recent weeks the BC government committed to ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Chemical pollutants in water emerge

    Recent advances in contaminant identification methodologies, sampling instrumentation, and analytical chemistry have caused an explosion of knowledge about the presence of previously undetected organic micropollutants. While it doesn"t follow that the mere presence of chemical contaminants results in harm, public health experts, regulators, and others aren"t sitting idly by. Given the necessity ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Indestructible Pumps for Clean Water

    Sulzer pumps are used in the production of drinking water in many cities around the world. The special qualities that these pumps possess can be seen at the Zurich Municipal Water Utility. There, the operators have to cope with rising land and energy prices and a challenging topography. A small water flea plays a major role in Zurich. It swims around in a container of drinking water with some of ...


    By Sulzer

  • Inflatable water toys may be the killer

    The heat of the summer is the peak season of the children to swim, many parents would pick a nice swim ring to increase the safety factor, but the spare tire is really safe.? In the wholesale market, many businesses regard the spare tire placed in a prominent position, duck, fish shape of love handles a wide range, attracted a lot of people come to buy. Gem blind foreign language labeling, make ...

  • Advanced Water Treatment Technologies May Bring Purified Water to San Diego

    'In four years, half of San Diego may be filling its glasses with tap water that once ran through its toilets,' reported the San Diego Union-Tribune recently. A plan to mix 'repurified water' with the City's raw drinking water reservoir could become a reality, thanks to the wonders of water treatment technology. Such a possibility elicits various reactions including disgust, marvel and fear. ...

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Recycled Water saves California Farms

    After studies show no viable microorganisms in tertiary treated wastewater, growers in Salinas Valley now get two-thirds of their agricultural water needs from recycled sources. RECYCLED water is saving the farm for approximately 75 growers in the Salinas Valley along California’s Central Coast. Because their wells were becoming contaminated with seawater, these growers began irrigating their ...


  • The New Economy of Water: The Risks and Benefits of Globalization and Privatization of Fresh Water

    Executive Overview New voices are beginning to be heard in the debate over water, and new ideas – good and bad – considered. Among the most powerful and controversial of these new ideas is that water should be considered an “economic good” – subject to the rules and power of markets, multinational corporations, and international trading regimes. In the last decade, this idea has been put ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • `Tips and Tricks` for Water Framework Directive implementation

    People care about water. A recent poll on European attitudes on the environment showed that citizens are increasingly concerned about the pollution of rivers, lakes, groundwater and coastal waters. In 2002, more than 40% of European citizens were ‘very worried’ about the state of freshwater ecosystems. This marked a sharp increase of 10% from 1999. Water protection is one of the European Union ...

  • Challenges of Developing an EU Strategic Approach to Water Scarcity

    Water scarcity is a serious and growing problem in a number of EU Member States. EU water law has traditionally focused on water quality issues. However, the introduction in 2000 of the Water Framework Directive has provided the first coherent legal tool to address water scarcity and this has been supported by further policy aimed directly at water scarcity. However, there are also many local ...

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