water reclamation feasibility Articles

  • Feasibility study & master plan for water supply reservoir

    Client: North Central Missouri Regional Water Commission   Completion Date: 2003  Project Summary  Burns & McDonnell completed the feasibility study and master plan for a new water supply reservoir in Sullivan County, Mo. Sullivan County and other surrounding counties experienced severe drought conditions for several years and existing water ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Potential for wastewater reclamation and reuse in Lebanon

    Eleven major wastewater treatment plants are planned for construction along the sea coast of Lebanon to handle the flow from the major urban centres. The plants are expected to generate approximately 640,000 m3 of treated sewage daily, and the effluent is planned to be disposed into the sea. In the light of the water deficiency that the country would be facing in the coming years, the reuse ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Wastewater - Upper Occoquan water reclamation plant

    The Smart Elbow Stops Lime Spills and Prevents Dust Cloud Exposure Robert Forgione, P.E. and his team at the Upper Occoquan Water Reclamation Plant in Centreville, Virginia were wading through yet another dust cloud to cleanup yet another pile of dry pebble lime and dust that had leaked from a failed elbow in the conveying line. While the hole measured a mere 1/2-inch across, it was ...


    By HammerTek Corporation

  • Wastewater reclamation using discarded reverse osmosis membranes for reuse in irrigation in Djibouti, an arid country

    The purpose of this paper is to establish the feasibility of recovering discarded reverse osmosis (RO) membranes in order to reduce the salinity of domestic treated wastewater. This study shows that the reuse of RO membranes is of particular interest for arid countries having naturally high mineralized water such as Djibouti. The pilot desalination unit reduces the electrical conductivity, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Sustainability

    I7.1  | Water Optimization – 30% Groundwater Use Reduction Tabatha Pellerin, Senior Program Manager, AECOM AECOM assisted the Entergy Lewis Creek gas/coal fired electric power plant with water conservation efforts prompted by a goal of 30% ...

  • Recycled Water saves California Farms

    After studies show no viable microorganisms in tertiary treated wastewater, growers in Salinas Valley now get two-thirds of their agricultural water needs from recycled sources. RECYCLED water is saving the farm for approximately 75 growers in the Salinas Valley along California’s Central Coast. Because their wells were becoming contaminated with seawater, these growers began irrigating their ...


  • Design and assessment of urban drainage and water reuse systems for the reconstruction of formerly industrial areas: a case in Beijing

    The Shougang Group is an industrial steel enterprise occupying 800 ha in Beijing that will cease production by 2010. The area will be converted to a new financial and commercial zone. The rebuilding of the water infrastructure in this area should address water shortages in Beijing and retain the industrial landmark of a large cooling water tank. A design framework and an assessment system with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A comparison of disinfection performance and cost for various process combinations to disinfect reclaimed water

    For reclaimed water disinfection, pathogen reduction to acceptable public health risk levels is the primary objective. A second emerging objective is the ability to destroy trace pollutants (endocrine disrupters (EDCs), pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs)) at a reasonably low cost. The WateReuse Foundation’s Innovative Reclaimed Water Treatment Project (WRF 02-009) is searching for ...

  • Utilizing unconventional water sources for industrial reuse

    Reclamation and reuse of unconventional wastewater sources for plant raw water, cooling water and process pre-treatment has increased substantially due to increases in the cost of drinking water, recurring water shortages that can impact business operations, and tightening government regulation. Water is required in almost every industrial sector for the processing and manufacture of products. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • Evaluation and Testing of Technologies for Brine Minimization at Eastern Municipal Water District

     ABSTRACT Eastern Municipal Water District (Eastern) in Southern California is facing increasing brine disposal challenges at its two inland desalter facilities. In most cases at inland sites, the disposal of brine involves either the dilution of the waste stream in another receiving body or the concentration of brine solutions (Truesdall et al., 1995). In the case of Eastern, brine ...

  • Evaluation of Potential Benficial Reuse of San Ardo Produced Water

    ABSTRACTThe goal of this DOE, Aera Energy LLC, and Kennedy/Jenks Consultants funded project was to evaluate the potential for treatment and beneficial reuse of produced water from an oilfield in San Ardo, California. A 10 - 30 gpm reverse osmosis (RO) pilot plant was constructed and operated for nine months. The key constituents of concern include total dissolved solids (7000 mg/l ...

  • Spiral-Wound Elements for Potable Water Treatment

    Introduction Any new technology must overcome perceptions of the marketplace, which are not accurate. As a technology moves into new areas of application, new misconceptions also arise. Crossflow membrane technology is no exception. The first man-made, pressure-driven 'crossflow' membranes were made in flat sheet form. This membrane had to be configured in a device, and was first made in ...


  • Producing High-Purity Recycled Water for Industrial Applications with Microfiltration and Reverse Osmosis: Lessons Learned

    ABSTRACTThe East Bay Municipal Utility District (District), with the assistance of Black & Veatch, studied the feasibility of treating secondary and tertiary effluents using microfiltration (MF) followed by reverse osmosis (RO) to produce high-purity, recycled water for use as boiler make-up water at a local refinery. A pilot-scale test program was developed to demonstrate the ability of the ...

  • Hey, America: It’s time to talk about the price of water

    Recent woes have drawn unprecedented attention to the worth of fresh, clean water. Can it change the way we pay for the world’s most undervalued resource? This summer, a 90-year-old water pipe burst under Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, sending a geyser 30 feet into the air and a flood of troubles over the UCLA campus. Raging water and mud trapped five people, swamped 1,000 cars ...


    By Ensia

  • Reuse and recycling of secondary effluents in refineries employing advanced multi-barrier systems

    In this paper the reclamation and reuse of municipal secondary effluents, as well as the reclamation and recycling of refinery secondary effluents, are technically and economically evaluated. It is shown that both practices are feasible and sustainable, and that the reclamation costs depend largely on specific circumstances such as legal requirements, price policy, reuse application, raw water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Remote controlled `Pit Hog™` dredge removing sludge from aeration lagoons at Los Alisos, California, Waste Water Treatment Plant

    The Los Alisos Water District Water Reclamation Plant is removing raw sewage solids, decayed algae and microorganisms, and algae-laden sludge from its aeration lagoons using a Liquid Waste Technology (LWT) remote controlled lagoon dredging system. The tertiary wastewater treatment plant treats four million gallons per day. Officials of the Lake Forest, California facility initiated the buildup ...

  • Application of membrane technology in wastewater

    The City of Rio Rancho is the fastest growing and fourth largest city in New Mexico. The City currently relies heavily on groundwater for water supplies. To sustain its long-term water needs, the City has undertaken a feasibility study to develop a Water Reuse Strategy that will significantly expand the use of reclaimed water, reduce groundwater withdrawals, and provide advanced ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Reverse osmosis system to reclaim wastewater

    The Facility Pragati Power Corporation Limited, formerly Delhi Vidyut Board (DVB), was formed by the Government of National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi in 1997 for the purpose of generation and distribution of power to the entire area of NCT of Delhi. To bridge the gap between demand and supply and to have reliable power supply to the capital city of Delhi, a 330 MW combined cycle Gas ...

  • Gwinnett County case study: Using data to optimize operations

    Challenge: Serving a population of 750,000 and 15 municipalities, the Gwinnett County Department of Water Resources (GCDWR) has three (3) water reclamation facilities and two (2) water plants. The GCDWR maintains over 200 pumping stations to support its distribution and collection systems. Regulatory and operational data are collected from the County:s treatment facilities and ...


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