water reference standard Articles

  • Fifteen years of experience with standardized reference radiometers for controlling low-pressure UV disinfection plants for drinking water

    The only practicable way to control the disinfection capability of a UV disinfection plant for drinking water all the time is to use a UV radiometer. According to the Austrian Standard M5873, this plant radiometer is a standardized part of each plant. The standard defines a so-called reference radiometer (RRM) as well. This is necessary because a plant radiometer has to be controlled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ASTM Standards Help Meet Need for Clean Water

    The new ASTM Water Portal provides a single access point to standards and related information about ASTM International’s diverse committees working to protect and monitor this vital global resource. Clean and safe water is the underpinning of the quality of life for people around the world. Global economies depend on water, whether it’s to support the manufacturing of goods ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Look at the Impact of Proposed Water Standard to Prevent Legionnaires` Disease

    From the standpoint of water treatment industry experts, failure to prevent legionellosis (or Legionnaires’ Disease) is the most significant water treatment problem today. Essentially every case of the disease is the result of exposure to inadequately managed building watersystems, and both utility and potable water systems can be the source of the hazard (i.e., Legionella bacteria). In ...


    By Phigenics, LLC

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • ASHRAE Standard 188P: Prevention of Legionellosis Associated with Building Water Systems

    For Presentation at the AWT 2011 Convention and Exposition  The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) has developed a proposed Standard Practice that specifies what is required to prevent legionellosis associated with building water systems. Standard 188P is a “Practices” standard – not a “Design” or ...


    By Phigenics, LLC

  • Asbestos in water? How to address ‘non-standard’ samples of industrial and other effluents

    Biohazards and other interferences complicate the employment of off-the-shelf asbestos in water methods by traditional TEM techniques. Laboratories must implement creative strategies to prepare and analyze these samples to produce meaningful analytical data. Laboratory and personnel safety have to be considered before sample handling. The interferences also greatly diminished any reasonable ...

  • Water Reuse

    Water is an increasingly scarce resource for much of the World's population. Global warming, an increasing world population and generally increasing incomes mean the demand for water is likely to rise further. If current trends continue, we will use 40% more water by 2024 than we do now. In industrialised countries much of the water used for non-potable purposes such as industrial applications, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantification of uncertainty in reference evapotranspiration climate change signals in Belgium

    Projections of evapotranspiration form the basis of future runoff and water availability assessment in a climate change context. The scarcity of data or insufficiency of time/funds compels the application of simple reference evapotranspiration (ETo) methods requiring less meteorological inputs for ETo projections which adds uncertainty to the projected changes. This study investigates ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • California Prepares for a Drought-Prone Future Under Stringent Title 22 Water Reuse Standards

    Fluence’s first MABR plant in mainland U.S. gives California new medium- and small-scale treatment options that comply with the state’s stringent standards for water reuse ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Enhesa MENA Expert, Sanaa Chakibi, explains Saudi Arabia’s Ambient Water Quality Standards on EHS Journal

    Saudi Arabia’s Standards on Ambient Water Quality seek to establish a framework to enable sustainable management of ambient water quality; protect the water supply and natural aquatic environment; and provide a basis for the restoration of waters used for recreational, agricultural, industrial, potable, and ecological ...

  • Estimating models for reference evapotranspiration with core meteorological parameters via path analysis

    Accurate estimation and reliable universal performance of reference evapotranspiration (ET0) obtained from a few meteorological parameters are important for the rational planning of agricultural water resources and the effective management of water in irrigated regions. Meteorological data in southern China were used to calculate ET0 using the standard ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Editor’s perspective - solvent cleanup standards

    Risk-assessment science is a critical tenet of the remediation industry, as it is the underlying basis of the majority of cleanup work performed. However, risk-assessment science is, for the most part, poorly understood by a large portion of environmental professionals. Most seasoned professionals understand the basic risk-assessment concepts related to the dose-response and exposure duration ...

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Detecting Mercury in Water

    Determination of Mercury (Hg) in Water by Hand-Held, Portable Cold Vapor Atomic Fluorescence SpectrometryWater is the most familiar and most abundant compound on Earth, making up 71% of its surface area.[1]It is a vital component for all known forms of life and is the aquatic habitat for thousands of species of microalgae, fish and shellfish. [2] With the presence of running water in our ...


    By Arizona Instrument LLC

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

  • What Is Water Scarcity?

    Whether it’s from drought or lack of access, more than a billion people around the world don’t have enough clean water ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Ensuring Water Quality in Africa

    Water is essential for life, and “access to safe water is a fundamental human and, therefore, a basic human right.” With this statement and his address on World Water Day in 2001, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan put a spotlight on what continues to be a global problem: clean water. This year completes the UN “Water for Life” international decade for ...


    By ASTM International

  • Oil and grease in waste water

    Determination of oil and grease in waste water according to Standard Methods AWWA 5520 This Application Note describes the extraction and determination of oil and grease from waste water samples following Standard Methods 5520 part D (Soxhlet Extraction Method). “Oil and grease” is defined as any material recovered as a substance soluble in the solvent. Therefore, compounds ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Dissolved Solids and Water Purification

    To make drinking water palatable, the level of dissolved substances (TDS) can’t be too high, but it also can’t be too low Water quality metrics are needed to ensure that surface and groundwater – common sources of water for human consumption – are free from contaminants and pollutants. The level of dissolved solids, also commonly referred to as total ...


    By Fluence Corporation

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you