water regulation Articles

  • What classifies as water pollution and why is it an issue?

    The UN declared 2005-2015 as the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’. Yet each day thousands of people still die as a result of contaminated water. This does not even take into account the millions of organisms that perish every year thank to polluted water sources. Water pollution is a huge issue that is made more so by the fact that unfortunately, water is ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Waters 2017 Food Testing Application Notes Booklet

    Abstract / Summary Waters is a leader in developing food and water quality testing systems that incorporate analytical standards and reagents, sample preparation products, chromatographic columns, instrumentation, and data management software. Our comprehensive solutions offer food and beverage laboratories the tools needed to check compliance with food and ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Insitu analysis of ammonia slip and water vapor using a tunable diode laser for SCR/SNCR optimization and boiler tube surveillance in power plants

    ABSTRACT Environmental Regulations driven by the 1990 Clean Air Act require Power Plants to reduce NOx emissions. SCR's and SNCR's reduce NOx emission by injecting ammonia into the combustion flue gas. which ideally reacts with the NOx to form H?0 and Nj. The efficiency of the SCR SNCR is determined by monitoring the outlet for excess NH3. referred to as NH3 slip. The flue gas sample ...

  • Moderator shares how upcoming conference will foster development of new technologies in fractured rock

    Ken Goldstein, CGWP, will moderate a session titled “High-Resolution Characterization in Fractured Rock” at the upcoming 2017 NGWA Conference on Fractured Rock and Groundwater, October 2-3 in Burlington, Vermont. Goldstein is senior vice president, water and environmental systems at Louis Berger. He recently ...

  • Regulation of water service and efficient use of water

    This report highlights the need for policies targeted to sustainable use of water, which, at the same time, affect water service providers and the environment. Experience from several European countries can help us to identify efficient regulation mechanisms and the effect they could have on the Italian water sector. Some elements of United Kingdom regulation and some of the energy regulation in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Uncertainty in UK water regulation could hinder investment

    The stability and predictability of water company regulation in the UK by the Water Services Regulation Authority ("Ofwat"), which is mandated to ensure value for the end consumer, has been a major contributor to attracting private investment into the sector. Since privatisation in 1989, this stable regulatory framework has enabled sector companies to attract over £108 billion of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Frequency pressure regulation in water supply systems

    In water supply systems, pressure management in most cases is proven to be the most cost-effective activity related to water loss control. As an advanced method of pressure control, it is possible to use variable frequency drives for centrifugal pump control. Pressure regulation can be performed with constant pressure or with proportional pressure control. The application of proportional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A look at some contaminants regulated in drinking water

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates just over 90 contaminants in public drinking water systems. They include manmade chemicals as well as naturally occurring contaminants from rocks and soil. A look at some of the contaminants that fall under federal or state regulations: ARSENIC: Enters drinking water through eroding natural deposits in the ground or mining and other ...


    By Associated Press

  • Reducing the Economic Friction of Regulation

    Last month, we looked at two distinctly different bioenergy business models that are merging. Energy profit centers and waste cost-recovery facilities are learning the benefits of each other's business model. The resulting projects generate maximum revenue with lower production costs. The same kind of business model duality occurs in biomass energy regulation. There are more than two kinds of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Gray Water Characteristics and Implications on Regulations for Sustainable Water Reuse

    Different types of gray water in terms of origin (from bathing, kitchen and laundry activities) and in terms of type of source (medium and low-income residential housing and a hotel) have been studied in Gaborone, Botswana during 2004, with respect to BOD5, TSS, TP, pH, fecal coliforms and conductivity. Results show an expected high variability. No statistically significant difference was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EPA Clean Water Act: New Regulations re: `Waters of the United States`

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final rule defining the scope of waters protected under the Clean Water Act… The rule will ensure protection for the nation’s public health and aquatic resources, and increase CWA program predictability and consistency by clarifying the scope of ‘‘waters of the United States’’ protected under the ...

  • Decoupling dependence on natural water: reflexivity in the regulation and allocation of water in Israel

    Since 1999, Israel has secured a decoupling between the total water supplied and water derived from the natural environment through surface and groundwater. Between 2007 and 2010, this decoupling enabled a cut of over 20% in natural water use, while maintaining overall supply volumes despite drought. By 2009–2010, natural water supply had been reduced to the levels of the early ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Opinion: Environmental regulation in the 21st century

    INTRODUCTION I start with a statement of the obvious. The aim of environmental regulation is to produce measurable improvements in the environment. But how much environmental regulation expresses the desired environmental outcome? How much, on the other hand, sets out the regulatory process? Not enough of the former, too much of the latter. That unremarkable statement of aim is at the ...


  • Nutrient Regulation on Streams: The Macrophyte Quandary

    ABSTRACTSince promulgation of the Clean Water Act in the 1970s and implementation of technology-based treatment requirements, such as secondary treatment for publicly owned treatment works, the nation’s water quality has improved dramatically. Current water quality concerns are no longer attributed to excessive loads of carbonaceous and nitrogenous biochemical oxygen demand. Rather, the largely ...

  • The customer forum – putting customers at the centre of regulating water services

    This article will explore recent initiatives in customer engagement in water services in Scotland, UK. Scotland has a well-established and successful model for water services regulation and governance, with a public supplier performing as efficiently as the top quartile of private English companies. One recent innovation has been a form of negotiated settlement between the provider and a group ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can regulation improve the performance of government-controlled water utilities?

    This paper provides evidence on whether regulation can improve the performance of government-controlled water utilities. While other studies have examined whether private participation combined with regulation can improve the performance of government-controlled water utilities, there has been little research on whether regulation alone can improve performance.This paper examines five case ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Unproductive Argument of Public versus Private:The Regulation of Water Services

    Throughout the world governments, international agencies, local organisations, community groups and NGOs are seeking means of delivering sustainable water and sanitation services. The traditional municipal approach, although in theory the most politically attractive due to responsibility and service provision resting wholly with elected local bodies, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water-level regulation for freshwater management of Bosten Lake in Xinjiang, China

    The Bosten Lake is the largest inland freshwater lake of China, in which water level and salinity fluctuate due to the imbalance between inflows and outflows under climate change and anthropogenic activities. This paper employed system dynamics as an effective methodology to grasp the regulation rules for sustainable freshwater management of the Bosten Lake. Results show the following. (1) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Maximizing the accuracy of field‐derived numeric nutrient criteria in water quality regulations

    High levels of the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus can cause unhealthy biological or ecological conditions in surface waters, and prevent the attainment of their designated uses. Regulatory agencies are developing numeric criteria for these nutrients in an effort to ensure that the surface waters in their jurisdictions remain healthy and productive, and that water quality standards are met. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Consumer-inclusive economic regulation: water pricing under different regulatory regimes

    This paper investigates whether and how different regulatory regimes for water pricing incorporate mechanisms for consumer inclusion. A literature review suggests that the more separation between policymaking and economic regulation, the higher the incorporation of regulatory governance principles such as transparency, accountability and participation. Our comparative case studies of the system ...


    By IWA Publishing

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