water resource modeling Articles

  • Water Resources Management and Modeling

    Hydrology is the science that deals with the processes governing the depletion and replenishment of water resources of the earth's land areas. The purpose of this book is to put together recent developments on hydrology and water resources engineering. First section covers surface water modeling and second section deals with groundwater modeling. The aim of this book is to focus attention on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated modeling on water resource management

    World is facing a water crisis and increasing in recent years. It is necessary to understand the water system from source to sink and about 10% of total annual runoff is being used. Agriculture is found largest direct user of water. Asia is consuming about 23%, highest percentage of available water resources. Various steps for efficient water resources management are discussed. Decision support ...


  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • Privatization of Water-Resource Development

    This paper analyzes the inefficiencies from market power and return-flow externalities in private construction of a water project. The model pays special attention to increasing groundwater pumping costs, project set-up costs, limited project capacity, and return flow to the aquifer. For a given capacity, the return-flow externality causes project owners to construct the project too late when the ...


    By Springer

  • In the image of the market: the Chilean model of water resources management

    Chile's free-market Water Code turned 20 years old in October 2001. This anniversary was an important milestone for both Chilean and international debates about water policy, because Chile has become the world's leading example of the free-market approach to water law and economics and water resources management - the textbook case of treating water rights, not merely as private property, but ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrating water resources management in eco-hydrological modelling

    In this paper the integration of water resources management with regard to reservoir management in an eco-hydrological model is described. The model was designed to simulate different reservoir management options, such as optimized hydropower production, irrigation intake from the reservoir or optimized provisioning downstream. The integrated model can be used to investigate the impacts of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A model for risk minimisation on water resource usage failure

    We present a framework for solving the strategic problem of assigning transboundary water resources to demand centres under uncertainty in the water exogenous inflow in the reservoirs and other segments of the basin system along the time horizon. The functional to maximise is the probability of satisfying different targets on the stored water and different demands over a set of scenarios. A ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bi-level optimization allocation model of water resources for different water industries

    There are severe water shortages, exacerbated by overexploitation, in the region upstream of the dam at Zhang Jiakou, and in many other regions, both in China and other parts of the world. Allocating water resources equitably amongst the numerous domestic and industrial consumers in these regions, while preserving or improving the environment and meeting economic goals, is a highly complex ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A coupled model for water resources allocation regarding water quality control

    In this study, a fuzzy credibility constrained programming (FCCP) model is developed for water quantity and quality management with uncertainties in water quality parameters. The proposed method could reflect not only inexact uncertainties in the objective function, variables and parameters, but also fuzzy uncertainties in the right-hand side. Credibility levels which represent satisfaction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Resource Protection, Germany

    Reference Project: Drinking Water Resource Protection, Germany In the catchment area of a major drinking water supplier in western Germany increasing nitrate concentrations were noticed within a deep water-bearing layer. Although high nitrate concentrations, resulting from regional intensive application of fertilizers, were known from shallow layers in the area, they were new to the deep ...

  • An optimization model for water resources allocation risk analysis under uncertainty

    In order to deal with the risk of low system stability and unbalanced allocation during water resources management under uncertainties, a risk-averse inexact two-stage stochastic programming model is developed for supporting regional water resources management. Methods of interval-parameter programming and conditional value-at-risk model are introduced into a two-stage stochastic programming ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable use of water resources in Europe and the role of integrated modelling of phosphate fluxes

    Sustainable management of European water resources is advanced by the implementation of the Water Framework Directive. To achieve its aims the directive requires the realisation of cost-efficient programmes of measures. In this context, also measures for reducing phosphate inputs have to be taken, which demands models as quantification tools for the status quo analysis as well as for scenario ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A simulation/optimization model for selecting infrastructure alternatives in complex water resource systems

    The paper introduces a simulation/optimization procedure for the assessment and the selection of infrastructure alternatives in a complex water resources system, i.e. in a multisource (reservoirs) multipurpose bulk water supply scheme. An infrastucture alternative is here a vector X of n decision variables describing the candidate expansions/new plants/water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A study of multi-objective dynamic water resources allocation modeling of Huai River

    Water resources supply and demand has become a serious problem. Water resources allocation is usually a multi-objective problem, and has been of concern for many researchers. In the north of China, the lack of water resources in the Huai River Basin has handicapped the development of the economy, especially badly in the low-flow period. So it is necessary to study water resources allocation in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The application of a drought reconstruction in water resource management

    This study uses extended (1880s–2012) rainfall series to examine the implications of historical droughts on water supply yield calculations used in water resource management and drought planning across the English Midlands and Central Wales. UK guidance to water companies is to use climate data from the 1920s to present where possible in modelling to inform water resource management and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Upper Thames major resource development: Thames water

    Client: Thames Water Location: Abingdon, Oxfordshire Services: Groundwater Modelling , Environmental Impact Assessments Issues: Impact of reservoir construction on local groundwater system and wider     surface water environment Summary: ESI supported the preparation of the ...

  • Sustainable water resource management: the science behind the scene

    Working in the field of research is—in very many respects—challenging and intriguing. In fact, we as researchers are eager to challenge the unknown although we never can reach the ultimate truth. The most we can hope to accomplish is to draw, on the basis of new evidence and understanding, a model of the world that brings us closer to reality than any previous model. Progress along this road is ...


    By Springer

  • Development of institutional frameworks for the management of transboundary water resources

    This paper presents a comparative analysis of institutions (treaties, agreements) for the management of transboundary water resources. The nine river basins investigated are divided according to their level of cooperation and commitment to three categories the highly committed (Colorado, Niger, Rio Grande and Senegal) the least cooperative (Ganges-Brahmaputra and Indus); and the middle level of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An optimization procedure for the sustainable management of water resources

    The sustainable management of water resources requires the identification of procedures to optimize the use and management of resources that are able to deal adequately with the problems of an integrated water service. Taking cue from the classic problem of transport of operations research, this paper proposes a procedure to optimize the allocation of resources for water supply in an area. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How human diet impacts on waters and resources

    Human diet is responsible for a number of environmental problems. It is a driving force for water and land requirements for food production. This contribution investigates the relationships between diet and agricultural production, the resulting mass flows of nitrogen and phosphorus, their impact on the aquatic environment, the agricultural area requirements and emissions of nitrogen to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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