water reuse Articles

  • Water Reuse

    Water is an increasingly scarce resource for much of the World's population. Global warming, an increasing world population and generally increasing incomes mean the demand for water is likely to rise further. If current trends continue, we will use 40% more water by 2024 than we do now. In industrialised countries much of the water used for non-potable purposes such as industrial applications, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Beyond the barriers of water reuse

    Water reuse may be the moment’s most talked about treatment industry topic. It’s no wonder that as drought persists in regions throughout the world without sign of subsiding, questions about how we can make the most of our water are being asked. An answer can be found in the ways that we apply membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. As one of the most central components for water ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Situations of water reuse in China

    Water reuse is a cost-effective solution that is carried out in many water-shortage countries on different levels. China, which is the most populous country in the world, is facing a serious water crisis, with great demand and feasibility to use reclaimed water to deal with freshwater shortage and pollution. Although much progress has been made, challenges and problems still exist, which hinder ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New hurdles for water reuse

    In a letter dated January 19, 2005, the USDA-Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) indicated that if water is to be reused in a poultry processing facility, then this reuse water must be accounted for in the plant’s HACCP program. This requirement may cause some difficulties as processors consider the associated hazard analyses. When water is used to chill or rinse broiler carcasses, fat, ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • Decentralized Water Reuse

    Water is an integral part of our society today. This vital resource is used in the operations of many industrial processes, human consumption, and for food production to name just a few. The increasing demands for water for agricultural, drinking and industrial processes has put significant strain on global fresh water supplies as the world's population continues to grow. In many parts of the ...

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Reuse of Municipal/Industrial Secondary Eflluent for Water Reuse

    Abstract This paper presents results from pilot and demonstration studies conducted over the past two years at various locations around the world. All studies were conducted on municipal secondary effluent. Data includes: feed water quality, effluent quality (BOD, COD, bacteriological, SDI, others), membrane flux rate, water recovery percentage, membrane permeability, cleaning procedures, ...

  • Championship Reuse

    ABSTRACTLas Colinas is a 12,000-acre high quality residential-commercial development in Irving, Texas, located between Fort Worth and Dallas. One of the foremost appeals of the development is the water features such as lakes and canals that are interspersed throughout the property. In order for the development to succeed and maintain its aesthetic appeal, it was necessary to secure dedicated ...

  • Water Reuse: The System Perspective

    Water reuse could be viewed as a system composed by different elements, which work together to achieve a final objective (goal) – the beneficial use of reclaimed water. In this article we consider the reuse of municipal wastewater, which is treated and applied for a secondary beneficial use. An example of a water reuse system, focusing on the reuse of municipal wastewater, is shown ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Reuse and Conservation

    According to the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program, Global Environment Outlook 3, 2002), the total volume of water on earth is about 1,400 million cubic km (kilometers), of which, only 2.5 per cent, or about 35 million cubic km, is freshwater. Most freshwater is locked up in glaciers, or in deep groundwater aquifers. The usable portion of freshwater is only about 200,000 cubic km of water. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • Water reuse for the bottled water industry

    ABSTRACTThe bottled water industry uses a machine specifically designed for the washing of its containers (19-L capacity) and generates 6-L wastewater/container. This effluent can be used for watering of green areas and car washing. The objectives of the present work were to characterize the effluent and to propose a specific treatment to enable reuse of the effluent from the container washing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water reuse in the Gaza Strip, Palestine

    The Gaza Strip suffers severe constraints in water supply due to its location, confinement, high population density and semi-arid coastal climate. To improve water and agricultural resources, a study was undertaken to show the requirements in planning and management for wastewater treatment, irrigation conveyance and aquifer recharge to meet high technical standards and sustainable economic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Reuse Options for Industrial Plants

    Water can be a high cost commodity for an industrial operation.  In addition, industrial water consumption uses approximately 22% of water worldwide, a percentage that bothers water-conscious customers. To cut back on costs, as well as reduce environmental impact, industrial plants are considering water reuse. Plants have several options when it comes to water reuse, which  ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Water, wastewater & reuse master plan

    Client: Poinciana Utilities Inc.   Completion Date: 2000   Services Provided Master planning Customer and demand projections Water system evaluations Wastewater system evaluations Reuse system evaluations Hydrogeological analysis Computer modeling ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • The design and build of a process and wastewater treatment plant - Inlet: 900 mc/h - Case Study

    The client Ferrara Food, part of the S.F.I.R. group, is a company operating in the agro-industrial sector. More specifically Ferrara Food operates within the preserved food industry, specialising in tomato processing, from fresh product to semi-finished and finished products. Semi-finished products can be 200kg containers, or 1200kg bigbags, filled through an ...


    By IDRAFLOT

  • Turning waste into wattage

    How we are helping to meet the growing demand for waste energy recovery It’s a sign of the times that more and more companies and organisations are now looking at ways to capitalise on the waste material their production process produces rather than having to pay a third part to take it away for them.  One reason of course is the high cost of scrappage.  Another is the ...


    By Todaysure Limited

  • Identifying Feasible Reuse Opportunity: Wetland Rehydration With Reuse

    As a fast growing coastal community, the City of Panama City Beach, Florida has experienced the problem of expanding wastewater treatment capacity while identifying a feasible reuse alternative to their treated effluent surface water disposal. The goal of the City’s project was to identify and begin implementing the most feasible wastewater reuse option(s) available in order to eliminate direct ...

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