water safety Articles

  • Innovative renewal strategies for optimized pipeline management

    Using risk-based data analysis and innovative renewal strategies, two US water systems show how utilities can avoid full pipeline replacement, reduce service interruptions, and save money. As this informative Opflow article discusses, by more precisely understanding the condition of buried infrastructure, water utilities can more effectively focus resources to prolong safety and increase ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Online Chemical Oxygen Demand for Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    A wide variety of products are made in the chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries, that require large volumes of chemicals, materials, and substances that are used throughout process operations. Waste water from these facilities typically include contaminants, toxins, nutrients, and organic content that presents challenges with regards to treatment. A major UK based chemical ...


    By MANTECH

  • Icelandic experience with water safety plans

    The aim of this study was to investigate accumulated experience with water safety plans in one of the first countries to adopt systematic preventive management for drinking-water safety. Water utilities in Iceland have had a legal obligation since 1995 to implement a systematic preventive approach to secure safety of drinking water and protect public health. The water utilities responded by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Employee Safety

    Employee Safety The following is a summary of accidents that occurred and were documented by OSHA and city management. The average total cost for a common slip and fall accident is $41,000 and the average death reimbursement is $950,000 (NIOSH 2001 data): Multiple Deaths Caused by ...


    By GillTrading.com, Inc.

  • Lightning Safety

    How Lightning is Created.The conditions needed to produce lightning have been known for some time. However, exactly how lightning forms has never been verified so there is room for debate. Leading theories focus around separation of electric charge and generation of an electric field within a thunderstorm. Recent studies also indicate that ice, hail, and semi-frozen water drops known as graupel ...

  • Safety Training and Environmental Safety for Workers

    Safety training is a necessary part of an employment environment since it helps workers to remain free from harm and injury while performing their duties in the workplace. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a governmental agency that mandates, educates and enforces workplace safety practices for specific fields of employment. Employees typically learn how to safely ...


    By OSEA

  • Pesticide Safety

    Where I live, in eastern, northern, southeastern Pennsylvania (you figure it out), nights are beginning to chill. I've noticed this for two reasons. First, the temperature is dipping below 50. Second, insects have begun finding their way inside the house. We capture most of the little buggers and release them but sooner or later someone reaches for a pesticide. We've already dealt with fleas on ...


  • Water safety plans: Resources to support implementation

    How to do it The WSP Manual (1) provides the point of departure for developing a WSP and includes useful tools and case studies to illustrate each step. To supplement the Manual, WSPortal (2) has been developed to provide an extensive range of practical tools, case studies and other reference materials to support WSP implementation in a range of circumstances. Peer-to-peer networks (3) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A strategic approach for Water Safety Plans implementation in Portugal

    Effective risk assessment and risk management approaches in public drinking water systems can benefit from a systematic process for hazards identification and effective management control based on the Water Safety Plan (WSP) concept. Good results from WSP development and implementation in a small number of Portuguese water utilities have shown that a more ambitious nationwide strategic approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water monitoring as a safety feature for nuclear desalination

    It is widely accepted that the general safety approach for nuclear facilities is valid for a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP), thus IAEA standards and guides are applicable. The coupling of a NDP should be designed with the safety objective of ensuring that it results in no adverse effect on the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. The first objective (provisions of barriers) is complied with by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are Dutch water safety institutions prepared for climate change?

    For the water sector, adapting to the effects of climate change is a highly complex issue. Due to its geographical position, The Netherlands is vulnerable to sea level rise, increasing river discharges and increasing salt intrusion. This paper deals with the question of to what extent the historically developed Dutch water safety institutions have the capacity to cope with the ‘new’ challenges of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Empowering rural communities: simple Water Safety Plans

    Every year 2800 deaths in Pacific island countries result from diarrhoea, and most are children under five years of age. These tragic diarrheal deaths are preventable as they are often linked to unsafe water, lack of proper sanitation facilities and poor hygienic practices. Effective preventive management through the framework of a drinking Water Safety Plan (WSP) is an efficient mechanism for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Success or failure: demonstrating the effectiveness of a Water Safety Plan

    The Water Safety Plan (WSP) concept has become a globally recognised and accepted approach to drinking water supply management and operation. Many countries around the world are adopting this proactive, risk-based model for ensuring consistent confidence in drinking water safety, accessibility and affordability. While it is widely accepted that the WSP concept is an appropriate tool for ensuring ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • QMRA and water safety management: review of application in drinking water systems

    Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA), the assessment of microbial risks when model inputs and estimated health impacts are explicitly quantified, is a valuable tool to support water safety plans (WSP). In this paper, research studies undertaken on the application of QMRA in drinking water systems were reviewed, highlighting their relevance for WSP. The important elements for practical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Extending the water safety plan concept to the urban water cycle

    The urban water cycle (UWC) is often managed by several stakeholders dealing with specific components of the cycle such as water supply, wastewater systems and water bodies management. Therefore, risk management in the UWC benefits from an integrated approach to incorporate the interdependencies between elements. The water cycle safety plan (WCSP) provides a common risk management framework for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Safety expertise in extreme environments

    Emergency safety showers are the first line of defence in the event of chemical spills and accidents in industry and a wide range of products has evolved to accommodate specific hazards. Meeting the needs of companies operating in extreme environments can be particularly challenging for the specialist suppliers of this vital equipment. Workers in the oil and gas industry frequently face extreme ...


    By Hughes Safety Showers

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Compressed Gas Safety Guide

    Use and storage of any compressed gas under high pressure can be extremely dangerous if proper gas handling procedures are not observed. Moreover, chemical characteristics of specialty gases themselves can pose serious health hazards if containment is not tightly controlled. Paying close attention to a compressed gas product’s technical and safety information is invaluable for maintaining a safe, ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    An engineer repairs buried cables; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face a common danger, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited.  ...

  • Dam safety inspections

    This dam safety inspection was carried out to monitor the safety of a stone masonry overflow dam (12m high and 161m long). The geological makeup of the region comprises Ordovician period limestone and loose Quaternary sediments. One set of data was collected by placing 64 ...

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