water safety plan Articles

  • Icelandic experience with water safety plans

    The aim of this study was to investigate accumulated experience with water safety plans in one of the first countries to adopt systematic preventive management for drinking-water safety. Water utilities in Iceland have had a legal obligation since 1995 to implement a systematic preventive approach to secure safety of drinking water and protect public health. The water utilities responded by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water safety plans: Resources to support implementation

    How to do it The WSP Manual (1) provides the point of departure for developing a WSP and includes useful tools and case studies to illustrate each step. To supplement the Manual, WSPortal (2) has been developed to provide an extensive range of practical tools, case studies and other reference materials to support WSP implementation in a range of circumstances. Peer-to-peer networks (3) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A strategic approach for Water Safety Plans implementation in Portugal

    Effective risk assessment and risk management approaches in public drinking water systems can benefit from a systematic process for hazards identification and effective management control based on the Water Safety Plan (WSP) concept. Good results from WSP development and implementation in a small number of Portuguese water utilities have shown that a more ambitious nationwide strategic approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Success or failure: demonstrating the effectiveness of a Water Safety Plan

    The Water Safety Plan (WSP) concept has become a globally recognised and accepted approach to drinking water supply management and operation. Many countries around the world are adopting this proactive, risk-based model for ensuring consistent confidence in drinking water safety, accessibility and affordability. While it is widely accepted that the WSP concept is an appropriate tool for ensuring ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Empowering rural communities: simple Water Safety Plans

    Every year 2800 deaths in Pacific island countries result from diarrhoea, and most are children under five years of age. These tragic diarrheal deaths are preventable as they are often linked to unsafe water, lack of proper sanitation facilities and poor hygienic practices. Effective preventive management through the framework of a drinking Water Safety Plan (WSP) is an efficient mechanism for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Extending the water safety plan concept to the urban water cycle

    The urban water cycle (UWC) is often managed by several stakeholders dealing with specific components of the cycle such as water supply, wastewater systems and water bodies management. Therefore, risk management in the UWC benefits from an integrated approach to incorporate the interdependencies between elements. The water cycle safety plan (WCSP) provides a common risk management framework for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water system master plan

    Client: City of Fort Smith, Ark. Completion Date: 2002 Services Provided Water supply/delivery Hydraulic modeling and design Water quality analyses Water supply hydrology Flood hydrology 3-D project rendering Physical hydraulic models Spillway hydraulics ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Water safety plans: bridges and barriers to implementation in North Carolina

    First developed by the World Health Organization, and now used in several countries, water safety plans (WSPs) are a multi-step, preventive process for managing drinking water hazards. While the beneficial impacts of WSPs have been documented in diverse countries, how to successfully implement WSPs in the United States remains a challenge. We examine the willingness and ability of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Practical applications of quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) for water safety plans

    The absence of indicator organisms in drinking water does not provide sufficient guarantee for microbial safety. Therefore the water utilities are implementing water safety plans (WSP) to safeguard drinking water quality. Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) can be used to provide objective quantitative input for the WSP. This study presents several applications of treatment modelling in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk assessment and water safety plan: case study in Beijing, China

    Two typical rural water utilities in Beijing, China were chosen to describe the principles and applications of water safety plans (WSP), to provide a methodological guide for the actual application and improve the quality of rural drinking water quality, and to establish an appropriate method for WSP applied in rural water supply. Hazards and hazardous events were identified and risk assessment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Legacy planning

    The mining of precious and semi-precious metals, minerals and fossil fuel energy sources such as coal has long been a mixed blessing for the communities in which operations take place. Mining can offer a great deal of employment, especially in rural areas in need of industry, and significant and welcomed tax revenue. But the long-term environmental harm of mining has too often off-set, if not ...


    By FINN Corporation

  • Achieving sustainable water supply through better institutions, design innovations and Water Safety Plans – an experience from Nepal

    Sustainable functionality of rural water infrastructures is a major challenge in Nepal, as elsewhere. This paper looks at systems for improved community-based water supply and sanitation management in the Rural Village Water Resources Management Project (RVWRMP), in mid and far west Nepal. The paper analysed 496 rural, community-managed drinking water and sanitation schemes (with 30 to 250 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An international review of the challenges associated with securing buy-in for water safety plans within providers of drinking water supplies

    Since publication of the 3rd Edition of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Drinking Water Quality guidelines, global adoption of water safety plans (WSPs) has been gathering momentum. Most guidance lists managerial commitment and ‘buy-in’ as critical to the success of WSP implementation; yet the detail on how to generate it is lacking. This commentary discusses aspects of managerial commitment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Identification, assessment, and control of hazards in water supply: experiences from Water Safety Plan implementations in Germany

    According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) for Water Safety Plans (WSP), a Technical Risk Management was developed, which considers standard demands in drinking water treatment in Germany. It was already implemented at several drinking water treatment plants of different size and treatment processes in Germany. Hazards affecting water quality, continuity, and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water safety plans at EPAL's water supply system-tool to prioritize investments and mitigation actions

    In 2007, EPAL – Empresa Portuguesa das Águas Livres, S.A. – started to implement a water safety plan (WSP) in its water supply system, from source to tap, following the international methodologies regarding risk management of water quality. Since the implementation of its first version of the WSP, EPAL has been working on the optimization of its methodology regarding identification and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Web enablement of a Water Safety Plan via the municipal-based electronic Water Quality Management System (eWQMS)

    Despite a good legislative framework, South Africa faces significant challenges in the sustainable provision of adequate and safe water services. To improve the situation, South Africa's Department of Water Affairs (DWA) and other water sector partners undertook initiatives to assist municipalities with operation and management of water services. By way of example, in 2006, the municipal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • IRIS safety-by-design? and its implication to lessen emergency planning requirements

    International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) is an integral configuration pressurised light water reactor that has been in development since late 1999 by an international consortium. Its design and safety characteristics have been amply reported. In this paper the safety-by-design? IRIS philosophy is reviewed to show how the projected safety performance (most accidents either eliminated or ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Supporting the Water Safety Plan (WSP) approach with the Failure Experience Improvement System (FEIS)

    The Water Safety Plan (WSP) aims to ensure safe drinking water through risk assessment and preventive risk management which cover all steps of the water supply from catchment to the consumer. This approach requires a comprehensive hazard assessment including the identification and prioritisation of potential hazardous events. The Failure Experience Improvement System (FEIS) supports this key step ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Securing executive buy-in for preventative risk management – lessons from water safety plans

    Appropriate implementation of water safety plans (WSPs) offers an important opportunity to engage in and promote preventative risk management within water utilities. To ensure success, the whole organization, especially executive management, need to be advocates. Illustrated by four case studies, we discuss the influence of organisational culture on buy-in and commitment to WSPs. Despite an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A systematic review of outcomes and lessons learned from general, rural, and country-specific Water Safety Plan implementations

    Water Safety Plans (WSPs) are a comprehensive risk assessment and management approach to water delivery that were internationally recommended in 2004. WSPs consist of five implementation steps, followed by evaluation. To date, approximately 90 countries have implemented WSPs; however widespread uptake is limited by lack of documented outcomes and impacts. We conducted a systematic review to ...


    By IWA Publishing

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