water sample x-ray fluorescence analysis Articles

  • Comparing Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) To Laboratory Analysis Of Heavy Metals In Soil

    ABSTRACT Field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) continues to gain acceptance as a complement to traditional laboratory testing of metal contaminated soil. The quality of data produced by field XRF varies with site conditions, soil composition, and sample preparation. Quality assurance protocols for the field method usually require that a number of field samples be split and sent to a ...

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Analysis of metal concentration levels in water, sediment and fish tissues from Toledo municipal lake by applying SR-TXRF technique

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the metal content in water and sediment from the Toledo municipal lake, as well as the concentration levels of heavy metals in muscle and liver of four fish species. A digestion procedure was performed in all fish samples. Metal analysis was performed by using the Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Fluorescence technique. The accuracy and validity of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • Xenemetrix EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114

    Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) can play a vital role in this industry by giving accurate analytical results in a short time.  ASTM C-114 is the test method used for the analysis of hydraulic cements. .  The overview of Xenemetrix EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114 will be described in this ...


    By Xenemetrix Ltd.

  • Chemical and microstructural analyses for heavy metals removal from water media by ceramic membrane filtration

    This study aims to investigate the ability of low cost ceramic membrane filtration in removing three common heavy metals namely; Pb2+, Cu2+, and Cd2+ from water media. The work includes manufacturing ceramic membranes with dimensions of 15 by 15 cm and 2 cm thickness. The membranes were made from low cost materials of local clay mixed with different sawdust percentages of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study of novel mechano-chemical activation process of red mud to optimize nitrate removal from water

    Red mud (RM) is the industrial waste of alumina production and causes serious environmental risks. In this paper, a novel activation procedure for RM (mechano-chemical processing) is proposed in order to improve the nitrate adsorption from water. High-energy milling and acidification were selected as mechanical and chemical activation methods, respectively. Synthesized samples of adsorbent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring once through cooling water - Case study

    The Situation Power plants and paper mills use service water loops and mill water loops respectively for the cooling of lubricating, hydraulic, turbine and transformer oil.  These cooling systems feature large, recirculating volumes of water which are treated with biocides, dispersants, and corrosion inhibitors. By comparison, refineries often ...

  • REX Evaluation Guide

    REXTM (Real-timeElementalX-ray Fluorescence System) is the only instrument capable of unattended real-time elemental analysis of dissolved metallic contents in fluids using X-ray fluorescence with low parts-per-billion (ppb) sensitivity. Important applications exist for the following industries, among others: Municipal drinking water supply Chemical processing industry Mining ...

  • Analyzing sulfur in soil and sediment with handheld XRF

    Background Sulfur creates more than nasty odors. Exposure to low levels (0-10ppm) of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) causes irritation of eyes, nose, and throat; higher levels can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, coughing, and breathing difficulty. H2S and numerous other odor-causing compounds are generated as a result of organic material decomposition. In the case of the Muddy River in ...

  • Continuous Arsenic monitoring at US EPA Superfund site

    A Cogent Environmental continuous heavy metals analyser, the OVA5000, has been configured to provide accurate Arsenic monitoring data at a US EPA Superfund site in New Jersey, USA, since 2005. The following information will outline the ways in which this technology has helped to protect the environment at the site, ensuring compliance with discharge consents and helping the remediation contractor ...

  • Measurement of Trace metals in Ambient air case study

    Trace metals are found at low concentration in the ambient environment and are associated with adverse health effects. The gold standard metal measurement is Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES); however, sample preparation is laborious and expensive. The Xact 625 metals monitor uses non-destructive X-ray fluorescence technology. A built-in sample collection system ...


    By Cooper Environmental

  • Air crash investigation using Oxford Instruments handheld analysers - case study

    It was late April 1945 during the last days of World War II for Italy. Just one week before the liberation of Italy from the fascists rule, a group of five Messerschmitt BF 109 planes took off from the Vicenza airbase heading to Ghedi, near Brescia. This was not a combat mission but a transfer flight. Soon after take-off the planes were intercepted by US fighters and attacked. All five planes ...


    By Oxford Instruments plc

  • Portable lead analyzer to locate source of lead

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sources of lead in the environment in children with elevated blood, with the help of a Field Portable X-Ray ...

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • Changing the Rules with Mass Detection

    How simplified detectors can provide mass data for every analytical run and speed up method development With access to multiple mass spectrometry systems of varying degrees of sophistication, Davy Guillarme (University of Geneva, Switzerland) wasn’t actively looking for new mass detection solutions. Nevertheless, the Waters ACQUITY QDa mass detector caught his eye. Why? Because it opens a ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Monitoring leaks in Heat exchangers - Case study

    The Situation A California refinery produces xylene for use as commercial product and a precursor for petrochemical manufacturing. A primary component to the production of xylene is the isolation and purification of the chemical from a complex mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons. Steam based heat exchangers are used to process the xylene. Inherent to the design and rough duty heat ...

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