water sampling Articles

  • TKN/Ammonia in Water & Wastewater by Steam Distillation

    The determination of total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) in water and waste water is a routine procedure used to ensure water quality. A simple and fast procedure for TKN determination as described in ISO 5663-1984, EPA 351.3, and AOAC 973.48 regulations, is introduced below. The sample is digested with sulfuric acid using the SpeedDigester K-436 or K-439, followed by distillation and titration with ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • United States Coast Guard (USCG) Implements Handheld Technology for Onboard Oil Testing in New Cutters - Case Study

    With a motto of “Always Ready,” the United States Coast Guard (USCG) has 11 missions specified by law including drug and migrant interdiction; ports, waterways and coastal security; fishery patrols; search and rescue; and national defense. The USCG’s newest ships include 22 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs) which recently entered service, and 36 more are currently on order. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Quality assurance and Quality control technical note

    Introduction For almost 50 years HYDROLAB products have provided dependable sensor technology in a multiple parameter instrument for montioring essential indicators required for assessing water quality in natural waters. Useable data are the lifeblood of any environmental water quality monitoring program and variation in measurement processes impairs the quality of the data that water ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Sample Coolers

    Sample Coolers, originally developed in association with the CEGB, have been the industry standard for many years in nearly all Uk Power Stations and with UK Plant builders for both UK and overseas projects. The performance and reliability remain unsurpassed. Ever concious of changing markets, Lowe Engineering have the largest selection of sample coolers for mant varying applications, whilst ...


    By Lowe Engineering Limited

  • Ground Water Sampling for Metal Analyses

    The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water scientists, representing EPA’s Regional Superfund Offices, organized to exchange up-to-date information related to ground-water remediation at Superfund sites. Filtration of ground-water samples for metals analysis is an issue identified by the Forum as a concern of Superfund decisionmakers. Inconsistency in EPA Superfund ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Ground Water Sampling - A Workshop Summary

    Monitoring purposes have evolved in the past decade reflecting an increasing emphasis on assessment and remedial action performance over detection monitoring. The recognition of many potential contamination sources as well as the regulatory inclusion of a large number of sites in need of investigation have spurred this evolution in practice. New more efficient methods and tools for ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Pure water pH measurement in low conductivity samples

    Normally, pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 uS/cm conductivity. The conductivity conies from dissolved solids, typically, salts plus net acid or base which explains the exhibited pH. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form, which makes such solutions conducting. With 1,000 uS/cm conductivity of mobile ions pH electrodes have a good circuit and give fast, ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Low-Flow (Mininimal Drawndown) Ground-water Sampling

    The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water scientists, representing EPA's Regional Superfund Offices, organized to exchange information related to ground-water remediation at Superfund sites. One of the major concerns of the Forum is the sampling of ground water to support site assessment and remedial performance monitoring objectives. This paper is intended to provide ...


    By GeoPump, Inc.

  • Sampling moisture in the soil profile

    Patterns of water replenishment and use give rise to large spatial variations in soil moisture over the depth of the soil profile. Accurate measurements of profile water content are therefore the basis of any water budget study. When monitored accurately, profile measurements show the rates of water use, amounts of deep percolation, and amounts of water stored for plant use.Experimental ...


    By METER Group, Inc.

  • Decontaminating Groundwater Sampling Devices

    These studies are the second part of a two year project that examines decontaminating groundwater sampling devices. In the first year, the efficiency of various decontamination protocols was tested using small test pieces of materials that are commonly used in groundwater sampling devices. Those tests showed that a hot detergent wash and rinse followed by hot air drying (105°C) was the most ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Ambient Air Sampling Methods

    Pollutants are nothing but any substance that may present in an atmosphere in such a concentration that it may harmful to surrounding, living organism or human being. Sampling and analysis of air pollutants is known as Air quality monitoring and it is major part of environmental monitoring. There are many advanced types of ambient air Sampling methods. we will learn here only which are most ...


    By Perfect Pollucon Services

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Increased sample throughput for ICP-OES on drinking water and waste water

    The application of an SC-FAST sample introduction system to the analysis of natural and certified water samples is described. The SC-FAST system consists of an autosampler, sample loop, switching valve, high efficiency nebulizer and a glass cyclonic spray chamber to perform analysis by direct nebulization. The potential benefits of this introduction system are numerous and include: increased ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Stabilization of Liquefiable Samples During Transport

    This technical note presents a new method to transport liquefiable soils from the investigation site to the laboratory. The development of this method resulted from research on liquefiable soils from the Imperial Valley, CA. This method is based upon the application of a slight vacuum on the pore water of the soil. The vacuum decreases the pore pressure, and therefore increases the effective ...


    By ASTM International

  • Sampling of Saturated and Unsaturated Sands by Freezing

    A 600-mm-long, 100-mm-wide, and 20-mm-thick steel plate containing a wavey groove carrying chilled ethanol at -40°C was used successfully to obtain undisturbed frozen samples of saturated clean sand. The freezing probe was also used in an unsaturated sand dune to obtain samples at a depth of 3.0 m. For sands above the groundwater level, an imbibition test is, however, required prior to freezing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Fermentation tube test statistics for direct water sampling and comments on the Thomas formula

    This article describes a new interpretation of the Fermentation Tube Test (FTT) performed on water samples drawn from natural waters polluted by faecal bacteria. A novel general procedure to calculate the Most Probable Number of bacteria (MPN) in natural waters has been derived for the FTT for both direct and independent repetitive multiple water sampling. The generalization based on solving the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Privatization and Outsourcing Storm Water Discharge Requirements: Simplification Through Automated Sampling

    ABSTRACT Kelly Air Force Base (KAFB) is a large industrial complex that is currently undergoing a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action. Privatization is occurring concurrently with the base closure and realignment. The base maintains both two Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) and two Texas Natural Resource Conservation ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Laboratory Management - Integrated Sampling the Key to Safe Water Supply

    Leading water suppliers use Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) to integrate the sample collection and analysis process, helping to maximize the efficiency of these programs. Drinking water suppliers around the world face unique challenges: They must deliver the most essential ingredient for life on a grand scale, while also navigating complex issues surrounding public safety, ...

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