water sampling system Articles

  • Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water ...


    By MANTECH

  • Why You Should Consider a Sample Conditioning Unit for Taking Low NOx Measurements When Using a Portable Emissions Analyzer

    Using state-of-the-art technology, we here at E Instruments create high-quality portable industrial combustion gas and emissions analyzers that are capable of taking precise, low NOx measurements for both NO and NO2. In particular, we recommend our sample conditioning unit to those of you who need to take accurate, low NOx or SO2 ...

  • `Standards are desperately needed for plastic and pesticide contamination in soil´

    In addition to plastic in the oceans, plastic contamination in arable land throughout Europe and other parts of the world is a growing problem. No standards exist for these types of soil pollutants, nor for pesticide residues or their degradation products. For this reason, Professor Violette Geissen is calling for standards to be implemented. On 15 June, Geissen will deliver her inaugural address ...

  • Studies on Geocell Reinforced Road Pavement Structures – Rajagopal, Veeragavan, Chamdramouli, 2012

    Too often, the scarcity or distance of natural resources, makes the strengthening of highway pavements a costly or lengthy exercise. Building on previous studies by Bathurst, Han, Pokharel and others, this study published in Geosynthetics Asia, provides academic proof that NPA Geocell reinforcement increases the stiffness and elastic modulus of pavements. Validation – Field ...


    By PRS Geo-Technologies

  • A quick guide to oil analysis for engine test applications

    Reliability testing is a very important component of new engine development. Engineers need to fully understand and chart the engine lifetime performance under a variety of conditions before mass production may be considered. Many important performance data parameters are collected in real time through the many different types of sensors that are connected to the engine in the test cell and oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Ground Water Sampling - A Workshop Summary

    Monitoring purposes have evolved in the past decade reflecting an increasing emphasis on assessment and remedial action performance over detection monitoring. The recognition of many potential contamination sources as well as the regulatory inclusion of a large number of sites in need of investigation have spurred this evolution in practice. New more efficient methods and tools for ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Ground Water Sampling for Metal Analyses

    The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water scientists, representing EPA’s Regional Superfund Offices, organized to exchange up-to-date information related to ground-water remediation at Superfund sites. Filtration of ground-water samples for metals analysis is an issue identified by the Forum as a concern of Superfund decisionmakers. Inconsistency in EPA Superfund ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Sample System Best Practices for Water and Hydrocarbon DP Applications

    Abstract Sampling techniques for BTU and moisture measurements are well understood but applications beyond the routine requires additional attention to detail. Two such applications are the subject of this paper. The first is the measurement of low level moisture (1 – 1,000 ppbv) for cryogenic processes. Measuring moisture below 1 ppm is an entirely different world from the traditional ...

  • Decontaminating Groundwater Sampling Devices

    These studies are the second part of a two year project that examines decontaminating groundwater sampling devices. In the first year, the efficiency of various decontamination protocols was tested using small test pieces of materials that are commonly used in groundwater sampling devices. Those tests showed that a hot detergent wash and rinse followed by hot air drying (105°C) was the most ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Increased sample throughput for ICP-OES on drinking water and waste water

    The application of an SC-FAST sample introduction system to the analysis of natural and certified water samples is described. The SC-FAST system consists of an autosampler, sample loop, switching valve, high efficiency nebulizer and a glass cyclonic spray chamber to perform analysis by direct nebulization. The potential benefits of this introduction system are numerous and include: increased ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • The Characterization of Tentatively Identified Compounds (TICs) in Water Samples Collected from Public Water Systems in New Jersey

    Abstract This is a summary report of a detailed investigation in which the analysis of synthetic organic chemicals by Gas Chromatography (GC) and Liquid Chromatography (LC) was conducted on raw and finished water samples collected from public water supplies using ground water as a source of drinking water. All water systems sampled are known to be contaminated by volatile organic chemicals ...


  • Extraction of trace tilmicosin in real water samples using ionic liquid-based aqueous two-phase systems

    The effective method of ionic liquid-based aqueous two-phase extraction, which involves ionic liquid (IL) (1-butyl-3-methyllimidazolium chloride, [C4mim]Cl) and inorganic salt (K2HPO4) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), has been used to extract trace tilmicosin in real water samples which were passed through a 0.45 μm filter. The effects of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Occurrence of Aeromonas spp. in a random sample of drinking water distribution systems in the USA

    Aeromonads are aquatic bacteria found in drinking water supplies worldwide. Some species, such as Aeromonas hydrophila, can cause disease in humans. For this survey, 293 United States public water systems were selected using random sampling, stratified by water source and system type. Water samples were collected during one year from three sites (six samples per site) in each system. Temperature, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrate Analysis of Water Samples Using a Benchtop UV-Vis Spectrophotometer

    Nitrogen is naturally found in groundwater and surface water in the form of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of nitrate-nitrogen in potable water of 10ppm. This application presents results of UV-Vis analysis of nitrate concentrations in drinking water, ground water, and industrial wastewater, showing that the manual colorimetric method is ...

  • Low-Flow Purging and Sampling Ground Water - Evolution of Technology and Standards

    The human suffering caused by groundwater contamination has been dramatized in films such as “Erin Brockovich” and “A Civil Action.” Joe Ritchey describes the ASTM standards behind the scenes that help ensure safe drinking water and provide proof of contamination when ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Privatization and Outsourcing Storm Water Discharge Requirements: Simplification Through Automated Sampling

    ABSTRACT Kelly Air Force Base (KAFB) is a large industrial complex that is currently undergoing a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action. Privatization is occurring concurrently with the base closure and realignment. The base maintains both two Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) and two Texas Natural Resource Conservation ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Evaluation of Sampling and Field-Filtration Methods for the Analysis of Trace Metals in Ground Water

    Selected ground water sampling and field-filtration methods were evaluated to determine their effects on field parameters and trace metal concentrations in samples collected under several types of field conditions. The study focused on conditions where traditional approaches may produce turbid samples, which often leads to filtration of suspended particles from the sample before laboratory ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Laboratory Management - Integrated Sampling the Key to Safe Water Supply

    Leading water suppliers use Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) to integrate the sample collection and analysis process, helping to maximize the efficiency of these programs. Drinking water suppliers around the world face unique challenges: They must deliver the most essential ingredient for life on a grand scale, while also navigating complex issues surrounding public safety, ...

  • Sample extraction kit user’s guide

    Intended Use This extraction kit is for use with the appropriate immunoassay test kit. Each Sample Extraction kit contains the materials necessary to process twelve (12) soil or wipe samples. Test Principles The reagents contained in the Sample Extraction kit have been optimized for fast, efficient removal of compounds from soil or surfaces and convenient ...


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