water supply Articles

  • Water Use in the Mining Industry

    Freshwater resources are protected as industry begins to put emphasis on sustainability The mining industry has a great impact on water resources, both depleting water supplies with high usage and polluting them with discharges or seepage from tailings or waste rock impoundments. ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Pharmaceuticals and water supply

    Prescription Drugs have been detected in water supply systems of major cities in the United States including Europe, Canada, Australia and Asia.  In addition, quantities of antibiotics, steroids, antidepressants, and hormones are also present in the water supply (Doro-on, 2011).  These new emerging contaminants are designed with small concentrations that can generate specific health ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Augmenting Water Supply Systems

    Direct use of recycled water to augment urban water supply systems entails pumping water into the distribution system or blending with the conventional supply at the water treatment plant. The recycled water needs to be treated to drinking water standards or better, including advanced treatment processes to remove trace organics and chemicals. The City of Windhoek in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternative Water Supply Systems

    Alternative Water Supply Systems covers technical, social, financial and institutional aspects associated with decentralized alternative water supply systems. These include systems for greywater recycling, rainwater harvesting, recovery of water through condensation and sewer mining. A number of case studies from the UK, the USA, Australia and the developing world are presented to discuss ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Structural conditions in German water supply

    Against the background of price controls for drinking water supply utilities in Germany, the comparability of utilities with regard to their specific structural conditions comes into focus. Relevant structural conditions were identified for the two main technical processes, namely water production (WP) and treatment, storage and distribution (TSD). A defined clustering process for comparable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance indicators for water supply management

    In the present study specific performance indicators are proposed that express the level of service of a water system subjected to varying operating conditions over time. The proposed methodology has been applied to a specific case study (Sinni water supply system in Basilicata – Italy) to demonstrate the real applicability of the proposed performance analysis that could be very useful to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Supply Systems - Case Study

    Increasingly, more hydro projects are being integrated into existing conduit and canal systems such as potable water supply systems, waste water treatment plants and even on irrigation canals. Ossberger Hydro has a lot of experience in these types of projects with many features that have been designed specifically to address  the characteristics  of such projects. Shown below is an ...


    By OSSBERGER GmbH Co. KG

  • Water supply planning & environmental studies

    Client: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Completion Date: 1998 Services Provided Surface water modeling Groundwater modeling Storage reservoir siting and assessment Facility modifications Water supply alternative evaluations Water quality analysis Hydrology and hydraulics ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Risk management for water supply pipes

    In this paper, the risk of water supply systems as a combination of hydraulic analyses (consequence) and failure probability of pipelines based on the actual condition is discussed. On the one hand, a stepwise closing of pipelines calculates the influence on customer's supply which represents the importance of a pipe. On the other hand, based on existing failure statistics, age and material ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Integrated local water supply plan

    Client: City of Wichita, Kan. Completion Date: June 2001  Services Provided Water supply planning Evaluation of alternatives Cost estimating Economic comparison Environmental studies (NEPA) Program management Hydrogeologic engineering Water quality monitoring ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Geodrilling: Managing Water Supply in Italy

    In recent years there has been significant reorganisation in the Italian water sector to conform to the rules set out in the European Union Water Directive concerning the control of water pollution and the consistency of water tariffs. There have been some successes, particularly where companies in the industrial and commercial sectors, who manage their own water supplies, have had some ...


    By Geoquip Water Solutions

  • Demand management in urban water supply

    Since the 1930s, the drinking water supply of the Rabat-Casablanca coastal area has depended on water transfers from groundwater, from Maamora, and surface water, from the Bou Regreg Basin. Assessments carried out during the 1980s, based on patterns of water use at that time, showed that by 2010, transfers ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of intermittent water supply on water quality in Lebanon

    Lebanon in general and its capital, Beirut, suffer from water shortage due to the increasing water demand and the lack of proper management despite its abundant water resources. An intermittent water supply strategy was implemented in order to minimise deficiency problems. This, however, can seriously affect water quality due to the potential suction of non-potable water by negative pressures, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Identifying water quality monitoring stations in a water supply system

    Despite good quality assurance and conformance to the standards at the treatment plants, water quality could vary considerably within the distribution network. As water flows through the pipe network, its quality undergoes various transformations due to many factors such as the properties of the finished water, pipe materials, water temperature, water age and low level of disinfectant residuals. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Conducting surveys for water supply and sanitation in Indonesia

    Surveys can vary in cost and complexity depending upon the sample size, number of questions and degree of accuracy. But sometimes, even after huge expenditures, the results can be misleading or just plain wrong. Simple surveys to determine willingness to pay or consumer preferences can be accomplished by the local government for minimal expense and still provide ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Azerbaijan National Water Supply and Sanitation Project

    The water supply and sewer system in Azerbaijan is characterized by old, damaged and largely dysfunctional infrastructure and is financial constrained and poorly operated. This results in the level and the quality of the water supply and wastewater treatment (WWT) services especially in small towns being significantly degraded. Water shortage and the use of dirty water for drinking have ...


    By Huckbody Environmental

  • Frequency pressure regulation in water supply systems

    In water supply systems, pressure management in most cases is proven to be the most cost-effective activity related to water loss control. As an advanced method of pressure control, it is possible to use variable frequency drives for centrifugal pump control. Pressure regulation can be performed with constant pressure or with proportional pressure control. The application of proportional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New Jersey Water Use Exceeding Supplies

    When people think of water scarcity, arid regions such as Israel, Egypt, and Southern California may come to mind, but the availability of clean, potable water may also be endangered in unexpected places, including New Jersey. Residents in some areas of the Garden State are using “tens of millions of gallons” more water than the ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Water supply and mining: the policy paradox in Ghana

    Ghana has been highly successful in mining for over a century. However, one area of concern is the negative impact of mining activities on water resources: their quality and quantity. Mining companies are guided by rules and regulations, particularly those that have to do with the quality of water supply. Safe water supply is essential for improved health and quality of life for increased ...


    By IWA Publishing

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