water survey Articles

  • Pioneering Primer from Plastics Pipe Institute

    With administrative offices located in Dallas, Texas, The Plastics Pipe Institute Inc. (PPI) is the major trade association representing all segments of the plastics piping industry. PPI members share a common interest in broadening awareness and creating opportunities that expand market share and extend the use of plastics pipe in all its many applications. As an association, PPI focuses ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Investment returns in the water industry: a survey

    Although the water industry has become a topic of growing importance in the past decade, research on the returns on water investment is scarce. This paper provides a background to the development of the water industry, reviews existing studies on the performance of water investments, and identifies the research challenges in this area. The review finds that there are various ways for private ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A survey of ancient Minoan water technologies

    A survey is presented of water technologies used by the ancient Minoan civilization during the Bronze Age. This survey considers eleven Minoan settlements on the eastern part of Crete and is based upon a field assessment of the water technologies. While water systems had a monumental role in the life of the Minoans there has been little understanding of these ancient systems. Partially this can ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geology survey/Stratigraphy application

    Introduction These kind of surveys are done to determine ground conditions - more precisely layers, disturbance, homogeneity, water table levels etc. The two things that need to be achieved in this kind of surveys are depth of interest and satisfying vertical resolution. Survey example A good example of a real life and ever more frequent survey ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Railroad survey application

    Introduction The GPR technology has been introduced to the railroad engineers as one of the easy tools for quick and non-invasive railroad inspection. Since these surveys tend to stretch for a number of kilometers the amount of data can be overwhelming. However, with some clever preparations and proper tools for post processing the data one can create swift and easy to understand ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Economies of scale in the water sector: a survey of the empirical literature

    The issue of the most favorable size and optimal industry structure in the water sector is a relevant topic in many countries, due to fragmentation of the water sector and the key role played by municipalities. Important debates are taking place worldwide about how to provide universal access to the water supply and offer an efficient service. Regarding efficiency, the possibility of exploiting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Micro-component survey of residential water consumption in Hanoi

    Daily total water consumption per capita has been used as a basic unit for the future planning of water supply for domestic use. However, for innovative water utilization designs that consider various scenarios, including the effects of policy direction and global warming, and more strategic and efficient water use, it is absolutely essential to consider water usage divided by residential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost–benefit and water resources policy: a survey

    This paper reviews recent developments in cost–benefit analysis for water policy researchers who wish to understand the applications of economic principles to inform emerging water policy debates. The cost–benefit framework can provide a comparison of total economic gains and losses resulting from a proposed water policy. Cost–benefit analysis can provide decision-makers with a comparison of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Conducting surveys for water supply and sanitation in Indonesia

    Surveys can vary in cost and complexity depending upon the sample size, number of questions and degree of accuracy. But sometimes, even after huge expenditures, the results can be misleading or just plain wrong. Simple surveys to determine willingness to pay or consumer preferences can be accomplished by the local government for minimal expense and still provide ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perceived performance of decentralised water systems: a survey approach

    Decentralised water systems are considered to be effective, beneficial and are useful in a number of urban and peri-urban settings, and have been implemented to varying degrees across much of Australia. The use of decentralised water systems has introduced a change in the style of water service delivery and often there are new actors responsible and involved in the maintenance and operation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Archaeological survey 2

    The site of the Meadows’ Wesleyan Cemetery in the Adelaide is thought to contain more than 130 unmarked graves. This site initially had a chapel constructed on it in 1840 and the first burial in 1855.  The initial chapel was replaced by a more substantial stone building in 1856.  Burials continued in this cemetery sporadically until the 1940’s although the site became less ...

  • Electromagnetic (EMI) surveys

    EMI (EM-34) surveyDesigned and performed an EM-34 soil conductivity (soil mapping) survey of a 26-acre wood-waste landfill in Omak, Washington.  This soil mapping survey was designed to detect buried drums at a depth of 60 feet and was augmented by a total-field magnetometer survey. While employed with the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ), performed approximately 40 ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Environmental careers & salary survey

    Allen & York, international leaders in sustainability recruitment, have come together with Environment Analyst an expert in market intelligence for the environmental sector, to produce the UK’s most comprehensive Environmental Careers & Salary Survey. 2,500 UK environmental professionals completed an online survey including questions relating to career satisfaction, future prospects, changing ...


    By Allen & York Ltd

  • Survey of human pharmaceuticals in drinking water in the Czech Republic

    The first large-scale assessment of pharmaceuticals in drinking water in the Czech Republic (CR) focused on the detection of five substances. Samples were collected from public water systems supplying 5.3 million people, 50.5% of the Czech population. In the initial survey of tap water from 92 major supply zones using mostly surface water, no pharmaceutical exceeded the limit of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drainage-Area Survey Data Management

    Northumbrian Water Supply of HydroLog4 time-series database and reporting system for drainage area studies Northumbrian Water ordered HydroLog4 as a replacement data management and reporting system for time-series data collected during the short and long-term survey work by internal crews throughout the water company's wastewater management business. ...

  • Clean Watersheds Needs Survey – 2004 Report to Congress & 2008 Survey Advancements

    ABSTRACTThe Clean Watersheds Needs Survey (CWNS) 2004 Report to Congress (RtC) documents the nation’s needs for improving and protecting wastewater quality and wastewater-related public health. This paper presents the major qualitative findings of the CWNS 2004 RtC, including: (1) a comparison of needs distribution by category between the CWNS 2000 RtC and the CWNS 2004 RtC; (2) the levels of ...

  • Geological Survey Department - Case Study

    Client Geological Survey Department Country Cyprus Background and objective The third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea is battling the subterranean penetration of salt water and long periods of drought, which cause water shortages. Water management in jeopardy The semi-arid climate on Cyprus makes great ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Energy options survey - on a local Abbey

    Encraft carried out an energy options survey on a number of Grade II listed buildings. Recommendations were made that would give the site savings of over £2,000. Care was taken to make recommendations that would meet the energy and heating demand while minimising the visual impact on the buildings. With a requirement for independent advice Father Philip engaged Encraft to carry out an ...


    By Encraft Ltd

  • Bridges survey in the south-west of UK

    During my recent visit to one of our partners in the UK, I was invited to attend a survey in Weymouth, Dorset. The client requesting the survey was a rather large construction company, which by the appearance of the town, were everywhere. My colleague explained to me that the reason for such massive construction work was the fast approaching 2012 Olympics in the UK and Weymouth is supposed to ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Pipeline Zooming for a Comprehensive Infrastructure Survey.

    Time, budget and resources often keep a municipality from maintaining comprehensive, up-to-date information on water and sewer pipeline conditions. Without a complete understanding of their infrastructures, municipal supervisors cannot properly prioritize and schedule maintenance activities. As a result, emergencies—backups, collapses, and overflows—happen unexpectedly, and must be dealt with on ...


    By Envirosight LLC

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