water toxicity Articles

  • Advantages of Advanced Water Treatment Solutions

    Various advanced water treatment solutions are available for households as well as all types of facilities and industries. Water filtration provides users with valuable benefits that many don’t realize yet. Here are some of the advantages of water treatment solutions like an arsenic treatment system. Improved Water Quality A good arsenic filtration system ...

  • What classifies as water pollution and why is it an issue?

    The UN declared 2005-2015 as the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’. Yet each day thousands of people still die as a result of contaminated water. This does not even take into account the millions of organisms that perish every year thank to polluted water sources. Water pollution is a huge issue that is made more so by the fact that unfortunately, water is ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Biological Filtration: Future of Drinking Water Treatment

    Water is essential for all human life on the planet, but the fresh water supply is limited and is susceptible to being contaminated by all manner of toxins like arsenic, calcium, and mercury. There are many techniques to remove contaminants, including popular methods that add chemicals to balance others out, but one that not many people understand is biological water system filtration. ...

  • Extensive Solutions for Removing Arsenic from Your Drinking Water

    You may not be aware that your water supply has unsafe levels of arsenic in it. If testing proves this to be the case, you must immediately find a form of arsenic water treatment to help you have access to clean drinking water again. Arsenic is a poisonous substance that has innumerable negative health effects on humans. There are several methods of performing arsenic removal from ...

  • Process analytics in vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plants – Case Study

    Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), made from ethylene and chlorine by pyrolysis, is the feedstock for the production of the very common plastic material PVC. Modern VCM plants use integrated processes, combining endothermic and exothermic reactions in an almost energy balanced operation. Plants optimize the product quality, plant safety and cost efficiency by using advanced process control equipment ...

  • Chromium toxicity

    Chromium, in the form of unidentified chromium compounds, occurs naturally in the earth’s crust and is widely distributed in air, water, soil, and food. Chromium (3+) is an essential trace element in humans. The general population is exposed to some chromium (6+) compounds, but the levels of exposure vary. Environmental exposure specifically to chromium(6+) compounds is difficult to quantify, ...


    By Valahia University

  • Evaluation of the test of significant toxicity for determining the toxicity of effluents and ambient water samples

    The test of significant toxicity (TST) is a hypothesis‐testing approach based on bioequivalence developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) for analyzing whole‐effluent toxicity (WET) and ambient toxicity data. The present study compares results of acute and chronic toxicity tests of effluent, storm‐water, and ambient (i.e., receiving‐water) samples using both the TST and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Whole Effluent Toxicity Testing

    What is Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) testing? Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) testing is an important component of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (USEPA’s) integrated approach for detecting and addressing toxicity in surface waters. The National Pollutant Discharge  Elimination System (NPDES) permit program, authorized by the Clean Water Act, controls water pollution by ...

  • Emphasis Shifting to Toxicity Reduction

    Untitled Document Under the Clean Water Act (CWA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the National Pollutant ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • The 'whole-effluent' toxicity approach

    The identification and quantification of effluent toxicity plays an important role in the evaluation of harmful impacts on the aquatic environment. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the advantages of using the 'whole-effluent' toxicity approach compared to prediction of toxicity using key toxic compounds. An underestimation of 'whole-effluent' toxicity was always observed using bacteria, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The possible toxic effects of lead

    Lead is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Pb (Latin: plumbum) and atomic number 82. A soft, heavy, toxic and malleable lead is bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes to dull gray when exposed to air, very dense metal which is very soft, highly malleable, ductile, and a relatively poor conductor of electricity. It is odourless. It is highly resistant to corrosion ...


    By Valahia University

  • Toxic metal ions in water and their prevalence in Uttarakhand, India

    Developmental activities, geological reasons and mixing of industrial wastes are responsible for the deteriorating quality of surface and ground water in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand. The drinking water sources of 13 districts of Uttarakhand have been assessed for the presence of four toxic metal ions (arsenic, cadmium, chromium and lead). The health aspects of the four metal ions have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Toxicity evaluation of polymeric ferric sulphate

    Toxicity evaluation of water treated with polymeric ferric sulphate (PFS), an aluminium-free coagulant, was conducted in this research. Six-week old male F344/N rats exposed to PFS-treated water for three months did not show any obvious pathology as observed histologically or in clinical chemistry compared to rats given tap water. There was no significant difference in body weight gain in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparative study of perchlorate degradation in acute toxicity and chronic toxicity

    Since the discovery of perchlorate in water system, the public has been concerned about its human health effect. In practice it was reported that chronic exposure to perchlorate may lead to damage in thyroid hormone activity. This study introduced a method of perchlorate reduction, using autotrophic bacteria which utilise hydrogen as an electron donor. Two experiments were conducted to compare ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of toxicity of solid waste in landfill dumpsite by the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure

    The concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cr, Sb, Fe, Zn, Ca, Cu, Ag, Ba and Hg, present in solid wastes of Pallavaram municipality landfill dumpsite located in Chennai were determined and their toxicity was assessed using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). The TCLP method is a currently recognised international method for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The true toxicity of combined pollutants in freshwater

    Aquatic organisms are exposed to many stressors, including a variety of pollutants from human activities. New research suggests that commonly used models in toxicological studies can fail to adequately predict the range of effects of complex mixtures of chemicals in aquatic environments. Stress caused by combinations of man-made pollutants found in water systems can compound the effects of ...

  • AquaFinesse USA_Aquatic Toxicity Test Results.

    The recommended dose rate for Cool Puck is one 53gram puck for 20.000 L of water, wich translates to a theoretical maximum dose rate of 2.65 mg/L. All of the above (see page 2 PDF- schedule) toxicity results are greater than the recommended dose rate. C. dubia was the most sensitive organism to the product, with an acute effects level approximately 16-fold above the product's recommended dose ...


    By Special Water Europe B.V.

  • Cadmium potentiates toxicity of cypermethrin in zebrafish

    Co‐occurrence of pesticides such as synthetic pyrethroids (SPs) and metals in aquatic ecosystems raises concerns over their combined ecological effects. Cypermethrin (CP), one of the top five SPs in use, has been extensively detected in surface water. Cadmium (Cd) has been recognized as one of the most toxic metals and is a common contaminant in the aquatic system. However, little information ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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