water treatment carcinogenic by-product Articles

  • Controlling Odors from Waste Water Treatment Plants

    INTRODUCTION In recent years, there is growing public awareness of odors from waste water treatment plants, which mainly stems from the following observed trends: The public is less tolerant of objectionable odors from waste water treatment plants; Many waste water treatment plants have seen residential, commercial, or other developments established near the facility ...


    By PRD Tech, Inc.

  • Ozone is Not Just for Residential Potable Water Treatment

    It has been over 170 years since the d iscovery of the ozone (O3) molecule. Since that time, scientists and engineers have been testing and evaluating ways to use ozone in many different processes, from water and air treatment to surface and food sanitation. The evolution was somewhat slow in the early days, taking nearly 50 years before Europeans found, in 1886, that ozone could be used for ...

  • New Products Archives

    Product: PURELAM® A-9000/A-9010 solventless laminating adhesive Manufacturer: Ashland Specialty ...


    By Actio Corporation

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • The Importance of Wastewater Treatment for Your Facility: Is it Necessary?

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business. This is an important part of the process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your company various fines or lawsuits and pose a potential threat to public health. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Application of a Medium Pressure UV System for the Treatment of N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)

    N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was first detected in 1990 as a problem pollutant in drinking water wells at levels as high as 3,000 ppt in Elmira, Ontario, Canada. The waste from a large chemical plant over many years had led to the contamination of the drinking water wells for the community. After extensive evaluation and testing, it was determined that UV photolysis was the most effective ...

  • Sequential chlorination for reclaimed water disinfection

    ABSTRACT The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) operate seven tertiary water reclamation plants (WRPs) with a combined treatment capacity of approximately 200 million gallons per day (MGD). Chloramination is used at these WRPs for effluent disinfection. It was recently discovered that chloramination results in formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a compound with ...

  • Tiny materials in countless products raise big questions for environment and health

    Nanotechnology opens a universe of possibilities — but also creates a world of unknowns. In recent years, efforts to develop the Next Big Thing — whether in medicine, computer technology, pollution prevention or high-performance materials — have turned to some really, really small things: nanomaterials. Working at the ...


    By Ensia

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    Untitled Document The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Dissolved Organic Nitrogen Measurement in Reclaimed Water

    Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is an emerging concern for wastewater reclamation and reuse communities since DON may react with disinfectants to form carcinogenic nitrogenous disinfection byproducts (DBP) (e.g., haloacetonitriles, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)) and to affect the speciation of currently regulated DBP (trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids). Also, DON is present in proteins that ...

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last century due to the use of chlorination. However, research conducted in the 1970's revealed that by-products formed during the chlorination process are potentially carcinogenic and that there is a direct correlation between the concentration of chlorination by-products and the probability of certain ...

  • Phenols, flame retardants and phthalates in water and wastewater – a global problem

    Organic pollutants in water and wastewater have been causing serious environmental problems. The arbitrary discharge of wastewater by industries, and handling, use, and disposal constitute a means by which phenols, flame retardants (FRs), phthalates (PAEs) and other toxic organic pollutants enter the ecosystem. Moreover, these organic pollutants are not completely removed during treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UV, a bright future for the water industry

    The use of Ultra Violet (UV) light has now become standard practice in most municipal waste water treatment processes.  Effluent is now starting to be recognised as a valuable resource, not a problem that needs to be dumped. Many waste water facilities are being renamed as water reclamation facilities, and whether the waste water is being discharged into a river, being used to irrigate ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Occurrence and fate of N-nitrosamines and their formation potential in three wastewater treatment plants in Japan

    N-nitrosamines are well known as carcinogens present in the environment. However, studies of the occurrence and fate of N-nitrosamines and their N-nitrosamine formation potential (FP) in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are lacking. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the occurrence of N-nitrosamines in WWTPs, the FP ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing Chloramines from Drinking Water Supplies

    Historically, most public water supplies have been treated with chlorine to satisfy the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Since being established, there is reason to believe that the standards may be too lenient on the allowable contaminant levels in our drinking water. For instance, chlorine and other disinfectants react with organic matter creating ...


    By General Carbon Corp.

  • Disease-causing bacteria made more resilient by standard water disinfection practices

    Halogenated nitrogenous disinfection by-products (N-DBPs) in water increase bacterial resistance to antibiotics, new research shows. The study found that a strain of bacteria which can cause disease in humans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, increased its resistance to a range of different antibiotics by an average of 5.5 times after the bacteria were exposed to chemicals which form as by-products of ...

  • Advances in Bromine Speciation by HPLC/ICP-MS

    Bromine is a natural component found in waters, most commonly as the bromide ion, Br-. A common procedure for purifying drinking waters is treatment with ozone to kill bacteria. A byproduct of ozonolysis is the conversion of bromide to bromate (BrO3-), a known carcinogen. Therefore, a need exists to measure both bromide and bromate in drinking waters, as opposed to total bromine content. Our ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Ferrates (iron(VI) and iron(V)): Environmentally friendly oxidants and disinfectants

    ABSTRACTIron(VI) and iron(V), known as ferrates, are powerful oxidants and their reactions with pollutants are typically fast with the formation of non-toxic by-products. Oxidations performed by Fe(VI) and Fe(V) show pH dependence; faster rates are observed at lower pH. Fe(VI) shows excellent disinfectant properties and can inactivate a wide variety of microorganisms at low Fe(VI) doses. Fe(VI) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Grundfos Alldos Chlorine Dioxide System in Malaysia’s new Sepangar Bay submarine naval base

    Background At the Malaysia’s New Sepangar Bay Submarine Naval Base, Bacfree-Trident Water is selected to provide and retreat the direct potable water from municipal treated water for marine vessel applications. The source water is from the local municipal treated water supply source and is of excellent quality for most of the time. However, the water may be undesirable for direct ...


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