watershed runoff Articles

  • Comparing influence of combinations of precipitation loss and rainfall excess-runoff transform models to flood flow rate in a flatland watershed

    Hydrologists can use many different precipitation loss rate functions and rainfall-excess transform techniques to develop watershed runoff hydrographs. For the most part, they can apply the loss and transform approaches in nearly any combination. To evaluate some of the many possible groupings, we formed a matrix of three commonly used precipitation loss rate models and three rainfall-excess ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of Changes in Water Quality and Urban Runoff in the Buck Gully Watershed, California, through the use of Weatherbased Irrigation Control

    ABSTRACT The Buck Gully watershed is located in the Newport Coast area of California. Buck Gully is located in a coastal canyon which drains into an area designated as a State Water Quality Protection Area (formerly Area of Special Biological Significance). The adjacent coastal land is designated as a Critical Coastal Area. The upper portion of the watershed is in the Newport Coast area, and ...

  • Monitoring Tools for Watershed Assessments

     Weston Solutions, Inc. (WESTON®) has designed and implemented a watershed-based monitoring program with the San Diego County Copermittees. The monitoring program includes three elements: Mass Loading Station (MLS) Monitoring, Stream Bioassessment Monitoring, and Ambient Bay and Lagoon Monitoring. The core program includes the collection and analysis of stormwater runoff during three storm ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Watershed Project Presents Challenges

    Dennis McAlpine, P. E., project engineer at Houston Engineering, Inc. (HEI) acknowledges he enjoys a professional challenge. He has one. And so do several other folks connected with a $3 million water management project to clean up lakes in the Rice Creek Watershed District (RCWD), as well as other projects. The district is in the north/northeast sector of the metropolitan area and includes parts ...


    By EPG Companies Inc.

  • Characterization of phosphorus sources in rural watersheds

    Received for publication February 21, 2008. Correct identification of P sources in rural watersheds is critical for the development of cost-effective measures to combat agriculturally-driven eutrophication. The chemical composition of various storm runoff types (field surface runoff, field drain outfalls, roads, farmyards, and septic tanks) and the receiving streams in three micro (<10 km2) ...

  • Is Water RunOff Effecting my Pond?

    What is Water RunOff? Runoff is precipitation that did not get (infiltrated) absorbed into the soil, or did not evaporate, and therefore made its way from the ground surface into places that water collect. Runoff causes erosion, and also carry chemicals and substances on the ground surface along to the ponds, lakes and rivers where the water ends up. ( ...


    By Keeton Industries, Inc.

  • Comparative evaluation of runoff and water quality using HSPF and SWMM

    Stormwater pollution is the untreated contaminated water that drains into natural waterways from land uses within an urban catchment. Several studies have demonstrated the deterioration of water quality in receiving bodies of water caused by stormwater runoff. The data have reported that urban runoff play primary roles in degrading water quality in adjacent aquatic systems. The accurate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling river discharge rates in California watersheds

    River discharge rates across all California's watershed have been modeled using the NASA version of the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) ecosystem model coupled with a surface hydrologic routing scheme previously called the Hydrological Routing Algorithm (HYDRA). To assess CASA-HYDRA's capability to estimate actual water flows in extreme and non-extreme precipitation years, we have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing Risk Information Concerning Coastal Runoff

    Executive Summary In coastal urban watersheds, runoff from the landscape eventually reaches the ocean. If beaches along the ocean are used for recreation, three vital and interrelated questions arise. First, whether and to what extent does urban runoff degrade the quality of ocean water that is used for recreation? Second, to what extent docs this runoff-related ocean pollution pose a ...

  • Integration of Watershed Planning and Wellhead Protection Programs

    For communities using groundwater as the primary source of water supply, delineating, managing, and protecting the wellhead recharge area is essential to assuring a sustainable water resource system. Because many communities are also required to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit for discharges from municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s), delineating ...

  • Hydroclimatic variability and change in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

    The Chesapeake Bay (CB) Watershed is undergoing changes in climate, hydrology, and land use. The assessment of hydroclimatic impacts is important for both water quantity and quality management. This study evaluated the hydroclimatic changes using the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) data which provided statistically downscaled daily precipitation and temperature. An increase of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arctic snow distribution patterns at the watershed scale

    Watershed-scale hydrologic models require good estimates of spatially distributed snow water equivalent (SWE) at winter's end. Snow on the ground in arctic environments is susceptible to significant wind redistribution, which results in heterogeneous snowpacks. The scarcity and quality of data collected by snow gauges provides a poor indicator of actual snowpack distribution. Snow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • City of Santa Monica Airport Watershed Management Plan

     ABSTRACT The City of Santa Monica implements best management practices (BMPs) to address urban stormwater runoff and uses a “hierarchy” of BMPs to prioritize implementation based on the principles of protecting public safety and the environment, maximizing environmental benefits, and minimizing costs. The hierarchy of BMPs includes the following (in order of priority): 1) harvesting, ...

  • Flow and high sediment yield from the Huangfuchuan watershed

    This study deals with general features of sediment transport in the Huangfuchuan river, an important branch river of the Yellow river, draining the Loess Plateau in China. The long-term precipitation records at 3 climate stations near the watershed have been used to assess the changes in precipitation in this region. By introducing metrics for runoff and sediment transport, long-term observations ...

  • Impacts of climate change on headstream runoff in the Tarim River Basin

    The impacts of climate change on annual runoff were analyzed using hydrologic and meteorological data collected by 8 meteorological stations and 15 hydrological stations in the headstream of the Tarim River Watershed from 1957 to 2005. The long-term trend of climate change and hydrological variations were determined by parametric and non-parametric tests. The results show that the increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comprehensive flood control involving citizens in a Japanese watershed

    In July 2009, the city of Fukuoka, Japan experienced a flood disaster along the Hii River, which runs through densely populated, concrete-covered areas of the city. The drainage system was overwhelmed and the river overflowed due to heavy rainfall and rapid runoff. The event led citizens in its watershed to plan and implement comprehensive flood control. The plan aims not only to mitigate floods ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geomorphology-based genetic programming approach for rainfall–runoff modeling

    Nowadays, artificial intelligence approaches such as artificial neural network (ANN) as a self-learn non-linear simulator and genetic programming (GP) as a tool for function approximations are widely used for rainfall–runoff modeling. Both approaches are usually created based on temporal characteristics of the process. Hence, the motivation to present a comprehensive model which also ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced accuracy of rainfall–runoff modeling with wavelet transform

    Wavelet transform (WT) is typically used to decompose time series data for only one hydrological feature at a time. This study applied WT for simultaneous decomposition of rainfall and runoff time series data. For the calibration data, the decomposed rainfall and runoff time series calibrate the subsystem response function using the least squares (LS) method at each scale. For the validation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Designing a constructed wetland for the detention of agricultural runoff for water quality improvement

    Received for publication December 18, 2008. The goal of this study was to construct a wetland that would detain runoff from a 162-ha watershed for the purposes of improving water quality. The volume of runoff that needed to be detained was determined to be that amount coming off the 162-ha watershed consisting of 146 ha of cultivated crop land and 16 ha of pasture that exceeded the amount that ...

  • Reuse turns stormwater runoff from a problem to an asset

    With so much concern about water scarcity around the world, it seems a no-brainer that rain is a good thing. But nothing’s perfect. Even something as beneficial as precipitation can have its downsides. One problem, of course, is flooding. Another problem you may not have thought of comes with stormwater runoff in urban settings. What’s the problem? In cities, buildings and pavement ...


    By Fluence Corporation

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