watershed runoff Articles

  • Comparing influence of combinations of precipitation loss and rainfall excess-runoff transform models to flood flow rate in a flatland watershed

    Hydrologists can use many different precipitation loss rate functions and rainfall-excess transform techniques to develop watershed runoff hydrographs. For the most part, they can apply the loss and transform approaches in nearly any combination. To evaluate some of the many possible groupings, we formed a matrix of three commonly used precipitation loss rate models and three rainfall-excess ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A reliable rainfall–runoff model for flood forecasting: review and application to a semi-urbanized watershed at high flood risk in Italy

    Many rainfall–runoff (RR) models are available in the scientific literature. Selecting the best structure and parameterization for a model is not straightforward and depends on a broad number of factors, including climatic conditions, catchment characteristics, temporal/spatial resolution and model objectives. In this study, the RR model ‘Modello Idrologico Semi-Distribuito in continuo’ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring Tools for Watershed Assessments

     Weston Solutions, Inc. (WESTON®) has designed and implemented a watershed-based monitoring program with the San Diego County Copermittees. The monitoring program includes three elements: Mass Loading Station (MLS) Monitoring, Stream Bioassessment Monitoring, and Ambient Bay and Lagoon Monitoring. The core program includes the collection and analysis of stormwater runoff during three storm ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Watershed Project Presents Challenges

    Dennis McAlpine, P. E., project engineer at Houston Engineering, Inc. (HEI) acknowledges he enjoys a professional challenge. He has one. And so do several other folks connected with a $3 million water management project to clean up lakes in the Rice Creek Watershed District (RCWD), as well as other projects. The district is in the north/northeast sector of the metropolitan area and includes parts ...


    By EPG Companies Inc.

  • Characterization of phosphorus sources in rural watersheds

    Received for publication February 21, 2008. Correct identification of P sources in rural watersheds is critical for the development of cost-effective measures to combat agriculturally-driven eutrophication. The chemical composition of various storm runoff types (field surface runoff, field drain outfalls, roads, farmyards, and septic tanks) and the receiving streams in three micro (<10 km2) ...

  • Is Water RunOff Effecting my Pond?

    What is Water RunOff? Runoff is precipitation that did not get (infiltrated) absorbed into the soil, or did not evaporate, and therefore made its way from the ground surface into places that water collect. Runoff causes erosion, and also carry chemicals and substances on the ground surface along to the ponds, lakes and rivers where the water ends up. ( ...


    By Keeton Industries, Inc.

  • Comparative evaluation of runoff and water quality using HSPF and SWMM

    Stormwater pollution is the untreated contaminated water that drains into natural waterways from land uses within an urban catchment. Several studies have demonstrated the deterioration of water quality in receiving bodies of water caused by stormwater runoff. The data have reported that urban runoff play primary roles in degrading water quality in adjacent aquatic systems. The accurate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing Risk Information Concerning Coastal Runoff

    Executive Summary In coastal urban watersheds, runoff from the landscape eventually reaches the ocean. If beaches along the ocean are used for recreation, three vital and interrelated questions arise. First, whether and to what extent does urban runoff degrade the quality of ocean water that is used for recreation? Second, to what extent docs this runoff-related ocean pollution pose a ...

  • Modeling river discharge rates in California watersheds

    River discharge rates across all California's watershed have been modeled using the NASA version of the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) ecosystem model coupled with a surface hydrologic routing scheme previously called the Hydrological Routing Algorithm (HYDRA). To assess CASA-HYDRA's capability to estimate actual water flows in extreme and non-extreme precipitation years, we have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integration of Watershed Planning and Wellhead Protection Programs

    For communities using groundwater as the primary source of water supply, delineating, managing, and protecting the wellhead recharge area is essential to assuring a sustainable water resource system. Because many communities are also required to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit for discharges from municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s), delineating ...

  • Hydroclimatic variability and change in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

    The Chesapeake Bay (CB) Watershed is undergoing changes in climate, hydrology, and land use. The assessment of hydroclimatic impacts is important for both water quantity and quality management. This study evaluated the hydroclimatic changes using the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) data which provided statistically downscaled daily precipitation and temperature. An increase of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arctic snow distribution patterns at the watershed scale

    Watershed-scale hydrologic models require good estimates of spatially distributed snow water equivalent (SWE) at winter's end. Snow on the ground in arctic environments is susceptible to significant wind redistribution, which results in heterogeneous snowpacks. The scarcity and quality of data collected by snow gauges provides a poor indicator of actual snowpack distribution. Snow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • City of Santa Monica Airport Watershed Management Plan

     ABSTRACT The City of Santa Monica implements best management practices (BMPs) to address urban stormwater runoff and uses a “hierarchy” of BMPs to prioritize implementation based on the principles of protecting public safety and the environment, maximizing environmental benefits, and minimizing costs. The hierarchy of BMPs includes the following (in order of priority): 1) harvesting, ...

  • Flow and high sediment yield from the Huangfuchuan watershed

    This study deals with general features of sediment transport in the Huangfuchuan river, an important branch river of the Yellow river, draining the Loess Plateau in China. The long-term precipitation records at 3 climate stations near the watershed have been used to assess the changes in precipitation in this region. By introducing metrics for runoff and sediment transport, long-term observations ...

  • Impacts of climate change on headstream runoff in the Tarim River Basin

    The impacts of climate change on annual runoff were analyzed using hydrologic and meteorological data collected by 8 meteorological stations and 15 hydrological stations in the headstream of the Tarim River Watershed from 1957 to 2005. The long-term trend of climate change and hydrological variations were determined by parametric and non-parametric tests. The results show that the increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse turns stormwater runoff from a problem to an asset

    With so much concern about water scarcity around the world, it seems a no-brainer that rain is a good thing. But nothing’s perfect. Even something as beneficial as precipitation can have its downsides. One problem, of course, is flooding. Another problem you may not have thought of comes with stormwater runoff in urban settings. What’s the problem? In cities, buildings and pavement ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Comprehensive flood control involving citizens in a Japanese watershed

    In July 2009, the city of Fukuoka, Japan experienced a flood disaster along the Hii River, which runs through densely populated, concrete-covered areas of the city. The drainage system was overwhelmed and the river overflowed due to heavy rainfall and rapid runoff. The event led citizens in its watershed to plan and implement comprehensive flood control. The plan aims not only to mitigate floods ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geomorphology-based genetic programming approach for rainfall–runoff modeling

    Nowadays, artificial intelligence approaches such as artificial neural network (ANN) as a self-learn non-linear simulator and genetic programming (GP) as a tool for function approximations are widely used for rainfall–runoff modeling. Both approaches are usually created based on temporal characteristics of the process. Hence, the motivation to present a comprehensive model which also ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Partnering in watershed management and community engagement case study

    Challenge: A Fortune 100 company requested our ecological expertise and support for its watershed management program and its pledge to replenish water used in production of its products back to nature and communities in the U.S. and Canada. Antea Group's assistance includes source water protection, community watershed partnerships, and technical support for other water resource initiatives ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Runoff model validation for large–scale afforestation in arid land

    As a countermeasure against global warming, large scale afforestation of arid land which is hardly used for crop cultivation has been receiving attention. By large scale afforestation, atmospheric CO2 will be fixed into plants. In arid land, however, most of the rainwater is lost by runoff and evaporation. Effective use of rainwater is required for afforestation. Thus, we made ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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