wet chemistry Articles

  • Surface and Rainwater Chemistry in Sri Lanka - A Risk of Acidification

    Abstract: Chemical constituents of surface and rain water in Sri Lanka were analysed to examine the susceptibility of aquatic environment for episodic acidification. The buffer intensity of different types of surface water ranged from 8.09 ± 4.61 × 10^{-4} to 55.05 ± 21.18 × 10^{-4} moles l^{-1} pH^{-1}. The pH values of the rainwater samples collected island-wide once and at Kandy on a regular ...


  • Wet Electrostatic Precipitation Demonstrating Promise for Fine Particulate Control

    Editor’s Note: Part l of this two-part feature on wet electrostatic precipitation (wet ESPs) outlines the need for multi-pollutant air pollution control technologies, the basics of wet and dry electrostatic precipitation, the ability of wet and dry ESPs to treat fine particulate, and the use of wet ESP technology at Northern States Power Company’s Sherco Station. Part II will explore the key ...


  • An evaluation of the residual toxicity and chemistry of a sodium hydroxide‐based ballast water treatment system for freshwater ships

    Non‐native organisms in the ballast water (BW) of freshwater ships must be killed to prevent the spread of invasive species. The ideal BW treatment system (BWTS) would kill 100% of BW organisms with minimal residual toxicity to organisms in receiving waters. The residual toxicity and chemistry of a BWTS was evaluated: sodium hydroxide was added to elevate pH to > 11.5 to kill BW organisms, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Tri-NOx Multi-Chem Wet Scrubber. Case Study of Our NOx Scrubber in a Hydroprocessing Plant.

    Criterion Catalyst Co. L.P. is the world's largest supplier of catalysts for hydroprocessing, including hydrotreating applications. The company is also a leading supplier of reforming and specialty catalysts for the refining industry. Criterion's facility in Azusa, CA installed a Tri-NOx Mult-Chem scrubber with a 3000 cfm capacity at 250 lbs./hr. of NOx. The system has four polypropylene columns, ...


    By Tri-Mer Corporation

  • Nano-textured polymer surfaces with controlled wetting and optical properties using plasma processing

    Wettability control is of great importance in many applications, from manufacturing of water repellent surfaces to droplet frictionless motion in microfluidics, and biocompatibility tuning. Wetting or repellent behaviour is governed by both surface chemistry and topography. In particular, super-hydrophobicity is attained by combining high-aspect-ratio (HAR) geometrical characteristics with low ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ink Manufacture

    An ink manufacturer was having poor results with the use of aluminum chloride and an anionic flocculent in treating their wastewater. The sludge was wet and sloppy requiring 4 man-hours to clean the press after each load. Chemistry costs were $110/1,000 gallons treated ($0.11/gallon).  Floccin 1106 was tested and found to treat the wastewater very consistently and the cost per batch was ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Complete HF Monitoring Solutions for Primary Aluminum Smelters

    Aluminium smelting generates large amounts of hydrogen fluoride gas (HF). Worker safety and ambient air quality concerns require that HF be monitored at several locations in smelters. Historically, a variety of methods have been used for HF monitoring. Cassette samplers and wet chemistry techniques, coupled with complex and expensive sampling manifolds have monitored roof-line and scrubber duct ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Whole Effluent Toxicity Testing

    What is Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) testing? Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) testing is an important component of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (USEPA’s) integrated approach for detecting and addressing toxicity in surface waters. The National Pollutant Discharge  Elimination System (NPDES) permit program, authorized by the Clean Water Act, controls water pollution by ...

  • A construction of water quality index considering physicochemical properties for drinking purposes in a rural settlement: a case study of Gajraula region, Ganga River Basin (North India)

    A simple methodology based on several key variables of groundwater chemistry is used to create a water quality index (WQI), with the aim of monitoring the influence of industrial and rapid urbanization on a typical rural settlement. The applicability of the constructed indices as an assessment and communication tool is evaluated in a case study of Gajraula and its suburb of JP Nagar district in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen Oxide Technology gives American Superconductor an economical, environmentally friendly treatment solution

    The installation of Bionomic Industries Inc.'s (Mahwah, NJ) innovative ScrubPac. BIONOxSOLVER" abatement system is enabling American Superconductor Corporation to treat the nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from a calcination process at its new, high temperature superconductor manufacturing facility (Devens, MA), in a cost-effective, environmentally responsible way. Bionomic Industries' ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Monitoring Phenol in Water

    The Situation A plant located in the eastern United States manufactures phenolic resin for applications in plastics molding. This plant uses well water for cooling its reaction process and then discharges the water into a local creek. A leak in the reactor and associated cooling equipment would cause phenol and phenolic compounds to contaminate the cooling water. Such a leak could ...

  • Daphnia magna wastewater toxicity assays: an interlaboratory study

    In order to protect aquatic life, many acute and short-term chronic whole effluent toxicity (WET) tests have been employed for assessment of the toxicity of wastewater. Toxicity tests using biological responses to measure effects provide valuable information about the significance of chemical contamination. The response of an organism to contaminated effluents provides an integrated measure of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nitrogen Oxide Technology Gives American Superconductor an Economical, Environmentally Friendly Treatment Solution

    Untitled Document The installation of Bionomic Industries Inc.'s (Mahwah, NJ) innovative ScrubPac™ BIONOxSOLVER abatement system is enabling American Superconductor ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Are membranes the answer to odor?

    ABSTRACT A microporous hollow fibre membrane operating in non-wetted mode has been applied to the removal of hydrogen sulphide from gas streams. The case studies under investigation were (i) H2S absorption within single passage through the membrane and (ii) H2S absorption with recycle. Counter-current flow configuration was considered with the test contaminant passing through the shell-side of ...

  • Dog Food Processor Wastewater Case Study

    Pet Food Industry Wastewater Treatment Dog Food Processor A dog food processing facility was using ferric chloride and an anionic polymer to treat their wastewater using an Air Sparged Hydrocyclone ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Polyparameter linear free energy relationship for wood char‐water sorption coefficients of organic sorbates

    Black carbons (BCs), including soots, chars, activated carbons, and engineered nanocarbons, have different surface properties, but we do not know to what extent these affect their sorbent properties. To evaluate this for an environmentally ubiquitous form of BC, biomass char, we probed the surface of a well‐studied wood char using 14 sorbates exhibiting diverse functional groups and then fit ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Adsorption of Trihydroxamate and Catecholate Siderophores on -iron (Hydr)oxides and their dissolution at pH 3.0 to 6.0

    The adsorption of desferrioxamine (DFOB), acetyl desferrioxamine (DFOD1), and a catecholate derivative (DFOMTA)] on goethite (-FeOOH) and hematite (-Fe2O3) and mineral dissolution behavior at pH 3.0 to 6.0 were studied to yield an understanding of the mechanisms of siderophore complexation on  phases and also to study how variations in siderophore molecular structure, as modified by proton ...

  • Increasing condenser capacity without adding tubes to support a station uprate

    Abstract A station uprate provides an economical opportunity to improve the generation capacity of a power plant if all the major system components are able to handle the effects of increased generation. The magnitude of uprate from increased steam generation will be limited by the maximum capacity of the weakest link in the cycle, which for many plants is the condenser. The condensers ...


    By Intek, Inc.

  • Reverse Osmosis

    The United States Pharmacopeial Convention Inc. (USP) has proposed new specifications for Water for Injection (WFI) and Purified Water (PW). These specifications will include quantitative conductivity, and total organic carbon (TOC) measurements will replace 100-year-old qualitative wet chemistry tests. The impetus behind these changes is to create a means of analysis that is less ...


  • Biodegradable polyethylene

    It is universally recognised that polyethylene (PE) is bio-inert. Indeed, conventional LDPE is used as a standard for bio-inertness in biodegradability/compostability test methods. It is not biodegradable because it is hydrophobic and because it consists of molecules having a high molar mass. Nevertheless it is a marvellous source of energy consisting entirely of the elements carbon and hydrogen ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

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