wetlands design Articles

  • Numerical modelling: a tool for better constructed wetland design?

    There is a need for a simplified computer-based design tool for subsurface flow constructed wetlands (CWs) which is based on process-based numerical models. Parameters of existing design guidelines and rules have been derived from experiments under specific conditions. Therefore designing CWs using these parameters is limited to these conditions (i.e. temperature, wastewater composition, filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • French vertical-flow constructed wetland design: adaptations for tropical climates

    The French Outermost Regions are under tropical climate yet still have to comply with both French and EU regulations. French vertical-flow constructed wetland systems appear well adapted to the technical specifics of these regions but their adaptation to tropical climate requires new design guidelines to be defined (area needed, number of filters, type of plants, material to be used, etc.). A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Designing a constructed wetland for the detention of agricultural runoff for water quality improvement

    Received for publication December 18, 2008. The goal of this study was to construct a wetland that would detain runoff from a 162-ha watershed for the purposes of improving water quality. The volume of runoff that needed to be detained was determined to be that amount coming off the 162-ha watershed consisting of 146 ha of cultivated crop land and 16 ha of pasture that exceeded the amount that ...

  • Design, construction and performance of a horizontal subsurface flow wetland system in Australia

    Malabugilmah is a remote Aboriginal community located in Clarence Valley, Northern NSW, Australia. In 2006, seven horizontal subsurface flow wetland clusters consisting of 3 m × 2 m wetland cells in series were designed and constructed to treat septic tank effluent to a secondary level (Total Suspended Solids (TSS) < 30 mg/L and Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) <20 mg/L) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated Constructed Wetlands: concept, design, site evaluation and performance

    'Integrated Constructed Wetlands' (ICW) are a joined-up approach to land and water management. Significant synergies were achieved by explicitly combining environmental, ecological and aesthetic objectives. Intercepted precipitation was found to be the main factor determining treatment efficacy. Soil infiltration and evapo-transpiration combined to enhance hydraulic residence time. A wetland area ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design, Construction, and Startup of Sustainable and Integrated Wetlands Treatment Process in Stockton, California

    ABSTRACTConstructed treatment wetlands have become an established technology for treatment of municipal and industrial wastewaters around the world. Wetland systems can provide treatment similar to conventional tertiary wastewater facilities if sufficient land is available but with lower energy and maintenance requirements. Ancillary benefits of treatment wetlands include wildlife habitat, ...

  • Waste Stabilization Ponds and Constructed Wetlands - Design Manual, 2005

    The design manual for waste stabilization ponds and constructed wetlands presented in this CD ROM gives a comprehensive technical information about their planning, design and operation. Also a number of numerical models are included to assist in finding the size of a constructed wetland or stabilization pond, reduce the concentration of heavy metals, phosphorous and nitrogen amongst other ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of nitrogen elimination rates of different constructed wetland designs

    In this paper the nitrogen elimination rates of different constructed wetland (CW) designs reported in literature are compared with those obtained for outdoor and indoor 2-stage vertical flow (VF) systems. The outdoor system is located about 150 km west of Vienna. Both stages are planted with Phragmites australis and the system has been operated for 4 years continuously. During this period the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance characterisation of a constructed Wetland

    Performance of a constructed wetland is commonly reported as being variable due to the site specific nature of influential factors. This paper discusses the outcomes from an in-depth study which characterised the treatment performance of a wetland based on the variation in the runoff regime. The study included a comprehensive field monitoring of a well-established constructed wetland in Gold ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wetlands of International Importance in Russia

    The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat was adopted on the 2nd February 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar. Thus, it has come to be popularly known as the “Ramsar Convention”, and the 2nd of February each year is celebrated as World Wetlands Day. Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and the ...


    By Wetlands International

  • What is wetland mitigation banking?

    A mitigation bank is a wetland, stream, or other aquatic resource area that has been restored, established, enhanced, or (in certain circumstances) preserved for the purpose of providing compensation for unavoidable impacts to aquatic resources permitted under Section 404 or a similar state or local wetland regulation.  The concept has been around since the 1970’s.  In 1995 U.S. federal agencies ...


    By Common Sense Solutions, LLC

  • Start-up readiness of the Apache wetland.

    The Apache Wetland was constructed in 1997 pursuant to a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency order to treat nitrate-contaminated groundwater within the Apache Powder Superfund Site. To date, the treatment facility is entering its fourth growing season in an effort to accumulate sufficient carbonaceous detritus of principally decayed Typha latifolia biomass. This substrate is required to maintain ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Sizing mitigation wetlands in agricultural watersheds

    In this study, we investigated use of microcosms to supplement field studies for establishing the size of wetlands required to mitigate nitrate pollution in agricultural watersheds. Wetlands investigated in this study were located in San Joaquin Valley (California, USA) and demonstrated mean nitrate-nitrogen mass removal efficiencies ranging between 10 and 34%. Mean areal nitrate removal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Migratory birds - Connecting Wetlands and People

    Management of migratory species succeeds where critically important sites are well managed along flyways. Migratory waterbirds depend on a range of secure sites from their breeding grounds to staging and nonbreeding sites that they use during their annual migrations. These birds depend on a range of natural and man-made wetland habitats - many are managed as nationally protected areas, ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Wetlands International Achievements 2011 – 2013

    Our Collective Targets Wise use and restoration of 20 wetlands is linked with the development of sustainable livelihoods, resulting in a strengthened asset base for at least 200,000 people Species oriented and ecological network initiatives result in improved status of selected wetland biodiversity groups, including waterbirds and freshwater fish The status of ...


    By Wetlands International

  • An investigation into the relationship between water quality volume (design storage volume) and stormwater wetland performance

    An investigation on free water surface wetland, which has an area of 0.23 ha and is employed to control the non-point source pollution from a watershed of 7.4 ha, was carried out to examine how the WQvr (the ratio of stormwater inflow volume to water quality volume (WQv)) affects the wetland treatment performance. As stormwater went through the wetland, TSS (total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vertical flow constructed wetlands subject to load variations: an improved design methodology connected to outlet quality objectives

    This study surveyed four campsites and four rural villages of major tourist interest, called tourist-interest or ti-villages, that were monitored for several years, generating over 70 performance balances for vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCWs) that were intentionally scaled down for experimental trials. The wastewater effectively qualifies as domestic sewage, although relatively ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experiences from the full-scale implementation of a new two-stage vertical flow constructed wetland design

    This paper describes the results of the first full-scale implementation of a two-stage vertical flow constructed wetland (CW) system developed to increase nitrogen removal. The full-scale system was constructed for the Bärenkogelhaus, which is located in Styria at the top of a mountain, 1,168 m above sea level. The Bärenkogelhaus has a restaurant with 70 seats, 16 rooms for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design and performance of hybrid constructed wetland systems for high-content wastewater treatment in the cold climate of Hokkaido, northern Japan

    The performance of six multistage hybrid constructed wetland systems was evaluated. The systems were designed to treat four kinds of high-content wastewater: dairy wastewater (three systems, average inflow content 2,400–5,000 mg·COD l−1, 3–6 years of operation); pig farm wastewater, including liquid food washing wastewater (one system, 9,500 mg·COD ...


    By IWA Publishing

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