wetlands hydrology Articles

  • Eco-Hydrology

    The Habitats Directive and the Environment Agency’s Restoring Sustainable Abstraction programme (RSAp) have focused attention on a large number of wetland sites across the country. Some of these are large, high profile sites that have been subject to many detailed studies in the past. However, many sites have had little work carried out on them and the behaviour of their hydrological ...

  • Changes in benthic nutrient sources within a wetland after hydrologic reconnection

    Removing dams and levees to restore hydrologic connectivity and enhance ecosystem services such as nutrient removal has been an increasingly common management practice. In the present study, the authors assessed geochemical and biological changes following engineered levee breaches that reconnected eutrophic Upper Klamath Lake and Agency Lake, Oregon, USA, to an adjacent, historic wetland that ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A review of basin morphology and pool hydrology of isolated ponded wetlands: implications for seasonal forest pools of the northeastern United States

    Abstract  Seasonal forest pools (SFPs) are geographically- and hydrologically-isolated ponded wetlands, in that they are topographically isolated from other surface waters. SFPs occur commonly throughout the temperate forests of the eastern United States and adjacent Canada. SFPs are ephemeral in occurrence, typically drying annually. The regular drying of SFPs excludes fish from these ...


  • Wetlands of International Importance in Russia

    The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat was adopted on the 2nd February 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar. Thus, it has come to be popularly known as the “Ramsar Convention”, and the 2nd of February each year is celebrated as World Wetlands Day. Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and the ...


    By Wetlands International

  • What is wetland mitigation banking?

    A mitigation bank is a wetland, stream, or other aquatic resource area that has been restored, established, enhanced, or (in certain circumstances) preserved for the purpose of providing compensation for unavoidable impacts to aquatic resources permitted under Section 404 or a similar state or local wetland regulation.  The concept has been around since the 1970’s.  In 1995 U.S. federal agencies ...


    By Common Sense Solutions, LLC

  • Phosphorus release and retention by soils of natural isolated wetlands

    Hydrological restoration of historically isolated wetlands may mitigate phosphorus (P) loss. The objectives of this study were to quantify P in soil, and to determine the effect of (1) soil characteristics on P release, and (2) antecedent soil hydrological conditions on P dynamics. Humic/fulvic acid bound P and residual P accounted for majority of P (>78%) in surface soils. Soils with highest ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The future of European floodplain wetlands under a changing climate

    In the future, climate change may severely alter flood patterns over large regional scales. Consequently, besides other anthropogenic factors, climate change represents a potential threat to river ecosystems. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of climate change on floodplain inundation for important floodplain wetlands in Europe and to place these results in an ecological context. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Identifying Feasible Reuse Opportunity: Wetland Rehydration With Reuse

    As a fast growing coastal community, the City of Panama City Beach, Florida has experienced the problem of expanding wastewater treatment capacity while identifying a feasible reuse alternative to their treated effluent surface water disposal. The goal of the City’s project was to identify and begin implementing the most feasible wastewater reuse option(s) available in order to eliminate direct ...

  • Indicators of wetland acidification and their relevance to environmental impact assessment

    Developments in most tropical coastlines are often hampered by acidification, which occurs when sedimentary pyrites are disturbed during construction activities. Acidification causes vegetation die back, fish mortality, heavy metal pollution, corrosion of concrete, steel and other metallic structures. The aim of this study is to develop tools for predicting the likelihood of acidification ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wetlands International Strategic Intent 2011-2020

    The Strategic Intent 2011-2020 is the ten year outlook for our organisation and the overarching strategy for the organisation worldwide. It reflects the new challenges for wetland conservation and the increasing relevance of wetland condition to human well-being in today’s world. Wetlands exist in every country and in every climatic zone from the polar regions to the tropics. They are among ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Hydrologic signature analysis of select organic hydric soil indicators in northeastern Florida

    The magnitude, duration, and return intervals of surface water flooding and dewatering of the landward extent of the hydric soil indicators muck (LM), histic epipedon (LHE), and Histosol (LH) were quantitatively defined, providing a better understanding of the hydrologic conditions maintaining these hydric soil indicators. Land surface elevations were determined for the LM, LHE, and LH at 16 ...

  • Ecological function zoning of Poyang Lake wetland: a RAMSAR site in China

    Ecological function zoning involves the spatial delineation of ecological functions based on the physical environment and ecosystem service functions, as well as the demands of eco-environmental protection and socio-economic development of the area according to the theory of ecological function regionalization. In this context, we defined the boundary of Poyang Lake wetland using geographic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ditch network extraction and hydrogeomorphological characterization using LiDAR-derived DTM in wetlands

    While much emphasis has been placed on the importance of hydrology as a driving force for wetlands, few small stream drainage networks have been mapped. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data can provide very high-precision topographic maps over large areas, and have been used to extract drainage networks in forested areas, vineyards, and high mountain pastures. The study objective is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of trends in water quality: constructed wetlands in metropolitan Taipei

    Meandering through the most densely populated metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan, the Danshui River and its tributaries have undergone the construction of 14 wetlands since 2004, as a means to improve water quality. This study was conducted to examine the functional capabilities associated with treating non-point source pollution through these riparian wetlands. Trend analysis was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Designing a constructed wetland for the detention of agricultural runoff for water quality improvement

    Received for publication December 18, 2008. The goal of this study was to construct a wetland that would detain runoff from a 162-ha watershed for the purposes of improving water quality. The volume of runoff that needed to be detained was determined to be that amount coming off the 162-ha watershed consisting of 146 ha of cultivated crop land and 16 ha of pasture that exceeded the amount that ...

  • Phosphorus and greenhouse gas dynamics in a drained calcareous wetland soil in Minnesota

    Received for publication September 15, 2008. Restoration of wetland hydrology can produce ecological benefits but may have unintended consequences. We examined effects of altered water level on release of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) and greenhouse gases (GHG) in soil cores from a marsh being evaluated for restoration. We also measured field concentrations of DRP and other constituents in ...

  • The relative importance of wetland size and hydroperiod for amphibians in southern New Hampshire, USA

    Abstract  In the United States, the regulatory approach to wetland protection has a traditional focus on size as a primary criterion, with large wetlands gaining significantly more protection. Small, isolated wetlands have received less protection; however, these wetlands play a significant role in the maintenance of biodiversity of many taxonomic groups, including amphibians. An important ...


  • Comparing Functional Assessments Of Wetlands To Measurements Of Soil Characteristics And Nitrogen Processing

    Abstract: One beneficial service of wetland ecosystems is the improvement of water quality through nitrogen (N) removal. However, one important N-removal process, denitrification, can produce the atmospheric pollutant nitrous oxide (N2O). Wetland biogeochemical functions, such as N processing, can be assessed by the hydrogeomorphic (HGM) approach using a suite of simple field observations made ...


    By ENVIRON

  • Modelling Wetland Bird Response to Water Level Changes in the Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River Hydrosystem

    Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence River (LOSL) wetland bird abundance and diversity are greatly influenced by lake and river hydrology. Our study used an interdisciplinary ecosystem approach, blending avian and plant ecology, ecohydraulic, statistical ecology and modelling to evaluate potential impacts of water level fluctuations on indicator species representative of the wetland breeding bird ...


    By Springer

  • Modeling Wetland Plant Community Response to Assess Water-Level Regulation Scenarios in the Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River Basin

    The International Joint Commission has recently completed a five-year study (2000–2005) to review the operation of structures controlling the flows and levels of the Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River system. In addition to addressing the multitude of stakeholder interests, the regulation plan review also considers environmental sustainability and integrity of wetlands and various ecosystem ...


    By Springer

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