wind direction Articles

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A water flow meter is a device that measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. There are several water flow meter technologies to choose from depending on the water measurement application, maintenance requirements, and budgetary terms.  Each of these types of water flow meters has a unique principle of operation, specific application benefits, and overall ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Hourly NOx concentrations and wind direction in the vicinity of a street intersection

    This study relates NOxconcentrations and wind (speed and direction) measured inside an asymmetric street canyon, with ambient wind. The monitoring site is located near a street intersection. The wind measured at the domestic airport located in the city, near the coast, has been considered as ambient wind. Wind direction at the monitoring site inside the canyon is mainly from the E, NE, W and NW ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of Directional WaveGuide Radar with Directional WaveRider Buoy

    Abstract Down looking FMCW radars for measuring water level, tides and wave height have been in use for 25 years. A combination of three down looking FMCW radars, mounted on an o↵ shore location, can be used to accurately measure ocean wave height and wave direction. At locations where an o↵shore mounting construction is readily available, the major advantage of this relatively ...


    By Radac BV

  • Plume Sensing Direction Considerations

    Abstract Remote sensing using midwave and longwave spectroscopy has been shown to be capable of detecting gaseous effluents from a stack plume release. In general, measurements have been made through the plume cross-section. This paper discusses experiments and measurements conducted to examine the relative merits of viewing the plume's cross-section or viewing the plume along the axis of ...


    By D&P Instruments, Inc

  • How to measure the direction of current harmonics?

    If the generation side of the point-of-common-coupling (PCC) is essentially an islanded setup consisting of a few specific generators, then the amount of harmonics resulting from the generation "source" can be readily identified in a mathematical fashion from the relative impedance on the generation side of the PCC compared to the combined impedance on the load side of the PCC. (The source of ...


    By GoHz Inc

  • Water Direct - 22301 - Case Study

    The great storm predicted for 27-28th October 2013 failed to live up to the hype and, despite heavy rain and high winds, the UK escaped the worst of the Atlantic storms. Many may have thought it was ‘business as usual’, however this was far from the truth for everyone. In parts of Colchester and surrounding villages, homes and businesses faced misery. Blocked roads meant employees ...


    By LRQA Limited

  • Amassing Wind Information

    Wind is a variable resource, but not an indecipherable one. Second Wind encourages harnessing the full range of wind sensing technologies that are available today. When it comes to wind information, much attention is focused on the choice of wind measurement technology and data collection practices in wind resource assessment and project design. Right now, wind data plays a limited role in the ...


  • DFW direct bury of storm sewer case study

    Airport Solutions North Texas Contracting has placed the first HOBAS pipe at DFW International Airport in the Dallas/Fort Worth mid-cities. That first installation was a repair to an 84-inch corrugated steel culvert that had failed and created a sink hole approximately 30 feet deep and almost 20 feet in diameter after a series of heavy rains in 2007. North Texas Contracting of Keller, Texas ...


    By Hobas Pipe USA

  • Intercomparison of a WaveGuide radar and two Directional Waveriders

    Down-looking FMCW radars for wave measurements are in use already for 25 years. They have proved to be very robust and maintenance is hardly needed. Now the prices of FMCW radars came down they are being more widely applied for water level, tide, harbour oscillations and wave height at sea, lakes and rivers. Radacs WaveGuide was introduced in 1998 based upon a commercial tank radar, first Enrafs ...


    By Radac BV

  • Intrinsically safe ultrasonic wind sensor

    The Gill Instruments Intrinsically Safe WindObserver™ is an ultrasonic wind sensor, developed specifically for use in hazardous areas and in particular for offshore applications. The sensor has no moving parts, utilising Gill Instruments’ advanced ultrasonic measurement technology to accurately monitor wind speed and direction. Approved to EEx ia IIC T5, this ultrasonic wind sensor is a ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • Taking wind into account in the design of waste stabilisation ponds

    Up to now, most investigations on the dependency of the fluid flow patterns and performance of waste stabilisation ponds (WSPs) on wind speed and direction and pond layout have been performed using 2D and 3D CFD steady state isothermal models. 3D non steady state models integrating thermal processes and boundary conditions taking into account the full influence of meteorological factors are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dispersion modelling in complex terrain using wind climatologies

    If annual mean values of concentration in complex terrain have to be determined, a representative wind climatology, which reflects local flow characteristics, is needed. This gives rise to two problems. First, observational data representative of the dispersion area are frequently not to hand. Second, the flow in the dispersion area itself may show a significant spatial structure, so transport is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Proposal for the calculation of the high percentiles of concentrations necessary for the execution of Directive 1999/30/EU

    Directive 1999/30/EC demands that we determine the 19th highest hourly concentration value of NO2 occurring within a year. Analysis of data from field measurements and wind-tunnel experiments show, that due to the natural variability of 1 hour mean values of concentrations, one cannot expect good agreement between mathematical model results and measurements. It is also pointed out that very ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate matter from natural sources and related reporting under the EU Air Quality Directive in 2008 and 2009

    Much of the air pollution that damages human health and the environment today is the result of human activities. But natural sources also emitt air pollutants, contributing to the exposure of European citizens and ecosystems to bad air quality — and potentially undermining EU Member State efforts to meet the air quality standards set out in EU legislation. Recognising the challenge ...

  • Revolutionary advances in safer tube and pipe machinery can be a direct result of the evolutionary nature of product development.

    It’s remarkable how fast changes occur in devices we utilize in our everyday lives. Living in an era of seemingly boundless innovation, new products are introduced and then continuously refined by driving forces such as competition, regulation, improved technology, liability, labor, material costs, and consumer demand. Amazingly, many life-defining inventions can progress from a creative ...


    By Tri Tool Inc.

  • A comparative study of two-equation turbulence models for simulating microscale wind flow

    Numerical modelling of turbulence plays a crucial role in providing accurate microscale wind fields which are necessary to predict transport and dispersion of pollutants in the vicinity of buildings reliably. Although more elaborate turbulence models have been developed, two-equation turbulence models are widely applied in atmospheric flow and dispersion models. The large CPU time required for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical simulation and wind tunnel studies of pollution dispersion in an isolated street canyon

    A three dimensional numerical modelling study of an urban isolated street canyon are done using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software FLUENT. The concentration predictions of FLUENT are compared with the Environmental Wind Tunnel (EWT) test results conducted at Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi for the Aspect Ratio (AR) of 1 and 1.5 at perpendicular wind direction. In FLUENT, three ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Method for comparison of large eddy simulation generated wind fluctuations with short–range observations

    The often prohibitive costs of comprehensive field trials coupled with relatively cheap and abundant computational power leads to a strong desire to use modelling tools to supplement field testing of system components. These modelling tools must be capable of reproducing key environmental variables present during field testing and require rigorous validation. The Virtual THreat Response Emulation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ANFIS and ANN models for the estimation of wind and wave-induced current velocities at Joeutsu-Ogata coast

    In this study, the adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) were employed to estimate the wind- and wave-induced coastal current velocities. The collected data at the Joeutsu-Ogata coast of the Japan Sea were used to develop the models. In the models, significant wave height, wave period, wind direction, water depth, incident wave angle, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High-resolution wind-tunnel datasets from the University of Hamburg: validation of street canyon dispersion models

    Air quality is one of the major environmental concerns in cities as it has a direct impact on human health. One of the biggest sources of air pollution is urban traffic. To predict air quality in urban areas, significant effort and considerable funding has been, and is being, spent in developing numerical models for urban dispersion and in obtaining experimental datasets. So far, less effort has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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