wind profile Articles

  • On wind velocity profiles over urban area

    The horizontally homogeneous atmospheric boundary layer over rough surface with a large roughness length z0 is introduced to model the simplest cases of the Urban Planetary Boundary Layer (UABL) over the flat plain. The system of the equations of motion was non-dimensionalised and it has been demonstrated that the Rossby number similarity exists for the core of the UABL. That means that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New methods for measuring the wind

    Although computer models of wind flow over terrain have improved dramatically in the past few years, there is still no substitute for data recorded at the site. So you want to build a wind farm. Good for you. With the global drive towards a low carbon economy, it is surely the right way to go for many individuals, companies and, indeed, Governments around the world. As information from the ...


  • Measuring Offshore Wind Resources

    To select the right offshore wind site, estimate the future energy output of a wind farm, and determine the best layout for the turbines, project developers must conduct wind resource assessment (WRA) campaigns on site. This is a critical phase of the successful development of wind farms. WRA campaigns on terrestrial sites have traditionally been performed using meteorological towers equipped ...


    By Renewable NRG Systems

  • Amassing Wind Information

    Wind is a variable resource, but not an indecipherable one. Second Wind encourages harnessing the full range of wind sensing technologies that are available today. When it comes to wind information, much attention is focused on the choice of wind measurement technology and data collection practices in wind resource assessment and project design. Right now, wind data plays a limited role in the ...


  • Pre-processing of meteorological data: vertical profiles

    In the framework of COST-710, working group III aims to recommend formulations of atmospheric vertical profiles of wind, temperature and turbulence. This intermediate report gives a brief overview of existing methods to calculate vertical profiles. A short note on existing datasets for validation purposes is given.Keywords: atmospheric turbulence, turbulence time-, scale, vertical profiles, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparative study of prognostic MM5 meteorological modeling with aircraft, wind profiler, lidar, tethered balloon and RASS data over Philadelphia during a 1999 summer episode

    This study presents a comparative evaluation of the prognostic meteorological Fifth Generation NCAR Pennsylvania State University Mesoscale Model (MM5) using data from the Northeast Oxidant and Particle Study (NE-OPS) research program collected over Philadelphia, PA during a summer episode in 1999. A set of model simulations utilizing a nested grid of 36 km, 12 km and 4 km horizontal resolutions ...


    By Springer

  • On the application of miniSoDAR technology to wind energy

    Introduction In the late 1990’s wind turbines with nacelle heights exceeding 60 meters were introduced to the wind energy community. Initially, wind prospecting and siting studies continued to use 50-meter wind towers and extrapolate the measurement to the nacelle heights. It was quickly determined that this approach was not sufficient for the placement of these tall turbines. The next ...

  • Tidal influence on offshore wind fields and resource predictions

    The rise and fall of the sea surface due to tides effectively moves an offshore wind turbine hub through the wind shear profile. This effect is quantified using measured data from three offshore UK sites. Statistical evidence of the influence of tide on mean wind speed and turbulence is presented. The implications of this effect for predicting offshore wind resource are outlined.Keywords: Tidal, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Verification of wind energy related measurements with a SODAR system

    Abstract Complex terrain and growing wind energy converters (WEC) in wind parks generate increasing interest in determining wind profiles and turbulence besides the general forecast of annual energy production. Increasing hub heights and growing rotor diameters of advanced WEC make SODAR systems a valuable alternative to meteorological towers. SODAR systems provide wind profiles as well as ...

  • Experimental study of turbulence and vertical temperature profile in the urban boundary layer

    We observed the turbulence and vertical profile of temperature in and above the roughness sublayer (RS) using a tower, a tethered balloon and a Doppler sodar in Himeji City. A 3–D ultrasonic anemometer–thermometer was sited at a height of 54 m on the tower. The present results showed that in the RS, the ratio of friction velocity to wind speed, u* /u, observed under unstable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar/wind power for noise monitoring terminals

    Solar Power Solutions A noise monitoring terminal’s (NMT) low power consumption and its ability to operate fully without power hungry cooling and heating units inside its enclosure mean that it is suitable for power from solar panels. The NMT may be continuously powered by battery which in turn is kept charged via solar energy. This solution is most appropriate in areas where there ...

  • Ontario`s Wind Power Sector at a Crossroads

    Despite having Canada's largest population and being home to an energy-intensive manufacturing sector, Ontario was slow to adopt wind power. As recently as 2006, only 10 turbines were spinning in the province. However, the province is currently home to more than 1,750 MW of wind power and plans are in place for this figure to increase to 7,500 MW by 2018. The Policy Environment ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Innovation risk slows offshore wind foundation development

    As offshore wind technology develops ever more gigantic machines further from shore into deeper waters, it is common wisdom that new foundation technologies are needed. But are they? Monopile, and some jacket foundations, still dominate the offshore wind market in commercial operation. Prototype floating foundations are performing well in demo or pilot projects, but scaling up is only ...

  • Finland Wind Power Market Capacity & Generation to 2025

    ReportsnReports.com adds report “Wind Power in Finland, Market Outlook to 2025, Update 2014 - Capacity, Generation, Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), Investment Trends, Regulations and Company Profiles” to its store.   "Wind Power in Finland, Market Outlook to 2025, Update 2014 Capacity, Generation, Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), Investment Trends, ...

  • On the wind flow patterns under neutral and unstable conditions in an urban area

    Wind flow and pollutant dispersion within urban areas depend on the approaching flow profile and temperature stratification. Thus, the flow field developed under neutral and unstable stratification conditions, within a street–canyon, was studied experimentally and numerically for a two–dimensional urban background set–up. Wind–tunnel measurements were carried out with a triple hot sensor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS 5 Buildings Validation Snyder Wind Tunnel Experiments

    1 Introduction Experiments were conducted in a simulated boundary layer representative of rural terrain with a few shrubs and trees in neutral conditions. Vertical profiles of concentration were measured downstream of a rectangular building for various stack heights, emission characteristics and building positions. The model scale in the wind tunnel was 1/200 of full scale. Full ...

  • How sustainable are our energy technologies? Photovoltaics and wind energy systems as examples

    The energy sector plays a key role within the concept of Sustainable Development. Therefore, sustainability aspects should be considered when new energy systems are assessed. How does a specific supply option contribute to a desired sustainable development of the energy system? To answer this question, indicators are needed. These should cover the most significant sustainability issues of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Parameterisation of convective PBL using surface data for the wind and stability classes

    A simple two-layer model of convective planetary boundary layer (CPBL), consisting of a Surface Layer and an Ekman layer over it and developed in accordance with the similarity theory is used to obtain the vertical profiles of the temperature, wind velocity and the turbulent exchange coefficient in CPBL from the surface wind measurements and atmospheric stability data. As input to this model the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Control of the phytoplankton distribution in the Strait of Gibraltar by wind and fortnightly tides

    CTDefluorescenceeturbidity profiles from two surveys conducted in June and September 1997 were examined in order to evaluate the influence of the predictable fortnightly (spring/neap) tidal cycle and the less predictable wind on the phytoplankton distribution in the Strait of Gibraltar. The injection of the nutrient-rich North Atlantic Water (NACW) in the Atlantic inflowing current is associated ...


  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Atmospheric CO2 Profile Measurements Using the LI-8100/8150 System

    The LI-8100 Automated Soil CO2 Flux System has been designed to help answer the spatial and/or temporal variability questions that arise when performing soil CO2 flux measurements. When using the LI-8150 Multiplexer with the LI-8100 Analyzer Control Unit, atmospheric CO2 profile measurements can be performed in addition to soil CO2 flux measurements, with minimal added cost. This application note ...


    By LI-COR

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