wind profile Articles

  • On wind velocity profiles over urban area

    The horizontally homogeneous atmospheric boundary layer over rough surface with a large roughness length z0 is introduced to model the simplest cases of the Urban Planetary Boundary Layer (UABL) over the flat plain. The system of the equations of motion was non-dimensionalised and it has been demonstrated that the Rossby number similarity exists for the core of the UABL. That means that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New methods for measuring the wind

    Although computer models of wind flow over terrain have improved dramatically in the past few years, there is still no substitute for data recorded at the site. So you want to build a wind farm. Good for you. With the global drive towards a low carbon economy, it is surely the right way to go for many individuals, companies and, indeed, Governments around the world. As information from the ...


  • Pre-processing of meteorological data: vertical profiles

    In the framework of COST-710, working group III aims to recommend formulations of atmospheric vertical profiles of wind, temperature and turbulence. This intermediate report gives a brief overview of existing methods to calculate vertical profiles. A short note on existing datasets for validation purposes is given.Keywords: atmospheric turbulence, turbulence time-, scale, vertical profiles, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Amassing Wind Information

    Wind is a variable resource, but not an indecipherable one. Second Wind encourages harnessing the full range of wind sensing technologies that are available today. When it comes to wind information, much attention is focused on the choice of wind measurement technology and data collection practices in wind resource assessment and project design. Right now, wind data plays a limited role in the ...


  • A comparative study of prognostic MM5 meteorological modeling with aircraft, wind profiler, lidar, tethered balloon and RASS data over Philadelphia during a 1999 summer episode

    This study presents a comparative evaluation of the prognostic meteorological Fifth Generation NCAR Pennsylvania State University Mesoscale Model (MM5) using data from the Northeast Oxidant and Particle Study (NE-OPS) research program collected over Philadelphia, PA during a summer episode in 1999. A set of model simulations utilizing a nested grid of 36 km, 12 km and 4 km horizontal resolutions ...


    By Springer

  • Experimental study of turbulence and vertical temperature profile in the urban boundary layer

    We observed the turbulence and vertical profile of temperature in and above the roughness sublayer (RS) using a tower, a tethered balloon and a Doppler sodar in Himeji City. A 3–D ultrasonic anemometer–thermometer was sited at a height of 54 m on the tower. The present results showed that in the RS, the ratio of friction velocity to wind speed, u* /u, observed under unstable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Buoy-based temperature profiling in the Bavarian Lakes

    In summertime a temperature stratification occurs in deep lakes – the surface water is warm, but deep down the water is cold.  This has considerable influence on the nutrient balance and the biological habitat in these lakes. Due to generally higher air temperatures induced by the climate change, both change and have effects on the life conditions of the ecosystems in the lakes. ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Verification of wind energy related measurements with a SODAR system

    Abstract Complex terrain and growing wind energy converters (WEC) in wind parks generate increasing interest in determining wind profiles and turbulence besides the general forecast of annual energy production. Increasing hub heights and growing rotor diameters of advanced WEC make SODAR systems a valuable alternative to meteorological towers. SODAR systems provide wind profiles as well as ...

  • Solar/wind power for noise monitoring terminals

    Solar Power Solutions A noise monitoring terminal’s (NMT) low power consumption and its ability to operate fully without power hungry cooling and heating units inside its enclosure mean that it is suitable for power from solar panels. The NMT may be continuously powered by battery which in turn is kept charged via solar energy. This solution is most appropriate in areas where there ...

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Atmospheric CO2 Profile Measurements Using the LI-8100/8150 System

    The LI-8100 Automated Soil CO2 Flux System has been designed to help answer the spatial and/or temporal variability questions that arise when performing soil CO2 flux measurements. When using the LI-8150 Multiplexer with the LI-8100 Analyzer Control Unit, atmospheric CO2 profile measurements can be performed in addition to soil CO2 flux measurements, with minimal added cost. This application note ...


    By LI-COR

  • On the wind flow patterns under neutral and unstable conditions in an urban area

    Wind flow and pollutant dispersion within urban areas depend on the approaching flow profile and temperature stratification. Thus, the flow field developed under neutral and unstable stratification conditions, within a street–canyon, was studied experimentally and numerically for a two–dimensional urban background set–up. Wind–tunnel measurements were carried out with a triple hot sensor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS 5 Buildings Validation Snyder Wind Tunnel Experiments

    1 Introduction Experiments were conducted in a simulated boundary layer representative of rural terrain with a few shrubs and trees in neutral conditions. Vertical profiles of concentration were measured downstream of a rectangular building for various stack heights, emission characteristics and building positions. The model scale in the wind tunnel was 1/200 of full scale. Full ...

  • Control of the phytoplankton distribution in the Strait of Gibraltar by wind and fortnightly tides

    CTDefluorescenceeturbidity profiles from two surveys conducted in June and September 1997 were examined in order to evaluate the influence of the predictable fortnightly (spring/neap) tidal cycle and the less predictable wind on the phytoplankton distribution in the Strait of Gibraltar. The injection of the nutrient-rich North Atlantic Water (NACW) in the Atlantic inflowing current is associated ...


  • Parameterisation of convective PBL using surface data for the wind and stability classes

    A simple two-layer model of convective planetary boundary layer (CPBL), consisting of a Surface Layer and an Ekman layer over it and developed in accordance with the similarity theory is used to obtain the vertical profiles of the temperature, wind velocity and the turbulent exchange coefficient in CPBL from the surface wind measurements and atmospheric stability data. As input to this model the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Romania Wind Power Market Research Report to 2025, Update 2014

    RnRMarketResearch.com adds report “Wind Power in Romania, Market Outlook to 2025, Update 2014 – Capacity, Generation, Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), Investment Trends, Regulations and Company Profiles” to its store.   “Wind Power in Romania, Market Outlook to 2025, Update 2014 Capacity, Generation, Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), ...


  • US Solar PV Market 2014 Analysis & 2025 Forecasts - Capacity, Generation, Levelized Cost of Energy, Equipment Market, Regulations and Company Profiles

    RnRMarketResearch.com adds “Solar PV in The US, Market Outlook to 2025, Update 2014 – Capacity, Generation, Levelized Cost of Energy, Equipment Market, Regulations and Company Profiles” report to its research database. The report provides an in-depth analysis on global renewable power market and global solar PV market with forecasts up to ...


  • Comparison between different dispersion models using wind-tunnel small-scale measurements

    In this paper, the results from a plume diffusion experiment on a small-scale model of a two-stack waste incinerator, carried out in a developed boundary-layer wind-tunnel, will be presented. A brief description of the tunnel, the measurement system, and the artificially developed neutral boundary layer is given. The experiments investigate ground-level concentration measurements and vertical and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurements and three-dimensional simulations of flow in a shallow reservoir subject to small-scale wind field inhomogeneities induced by sheltering

    Spremberg Reservoir is a small and shallow water body where wind sheltering along steep and densely vegetated sections of the shoreline is expected to produce small-scale inhomogeneities of the wind field across the water surface. The potential impacts of these inhomogeneities on the quasi-steady circulation in the main subbasin of the reservoir are investigated in this study by means of a ...


    By Springer

  • Advanced offshore measurements to support wind energy production, weather forecasting, and emergency response

    Sonoma Technology, Inc. (STI), with support from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, is leading a unique partnership of corporate, government, and university researchers to develop a marine environmental observations program in the Gulf of Mexico. The primary goal of this project is to develop a framework of advanced offshore measurements to support emergency response, oil and gas exploration ...

  • Operational short-range analytical air pollution modelling

    Operational models that use solutions of the advection-diffusion equation based on more realistic assumptions than that of homogeneous wind and eddy diffusivity coefficients are presented. In particular, these solutions accept that wind and eddy diffusivity profiles are power functions of the height. Moreover, a practical short-range model evaluating ground-level concentrations from elevated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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