wind resource assessment Articles

  • Wind Energy Production Estimates: Moving Beyond Time Averages

    No need to be a statistician to see that averages are often useful to compare different things. And yet, they often fall short as a true measure of performance. For instance, we use averages to compare the current weather against the climate normals or to get a sense of how our favorite sport team or player is doing. Team (player) statistics are a concise way of combining the scores from many ...


    By AWS Truepower, LLC

  • Measuring Offshore Wind Resources

    To select the right offshore wind site, estimate the future energy output of a wind farm, and determine the best layout for the turbines, project developers must conduct wind resource assessment (WRA) campaigns on site. This is a critical phase of the successful development of wind farms. WRA campaigns on terrestrial sites have traditionally been performed using meteorological towers equipped ...


    By Renewable NRG Systems

  • The C3—an alternative anemometer for resource assessment

    Executive Summary. Second Wind Inc. is pleased to offer a new standard anemometer for resource assessment that incorporates industry proven geometry and features. The new three-cup anemometer, the Second Wind Model C3, is physically similar to a popular anemometer designed by Maximum, Inc. and used in the wind industry for more than 30 years. However, the C3 employs more durable materials ...


  • Wind resource assessment using numerical weather prediction models and multi–criteria decision making technique: case study (Masirah Island, Oman)

    The Authority for Electricity Regulation in Oman has recently announced the implementation of a 500 kW wind farm pilot project in Masirah Island. Detailed wind resource assessment is then required to identify the most suitable location for this project. This paper presents wind resource assessment using nested ensemble numerical weather prediction (NWP) model's approach at 2.8 km resolution and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • WorldWaves wave energy resource assessments from the deep ocean to the coast

    Abstract WorldWaves is a global wave and wind climate package developed through EU and industry sponsorship over many years. The offshore data incorporates global hindcast and operational wave and wind data from ECMWF, validated and calibrated with independent satellite and buoy data worldwide. These data, which may comprise full directional wave spectra time series, are used as ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Multi-megawatt wind turbines for offshore use: aspects of Life Cycle Assessment

    Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an instrument to quantify environmental impacts of the entire energy supply chain. According to the LCA, an appropriate indicator system should comprise all steps of a system's life cycle: production, operational and disposal processes ("cradle-to-grave"). Cumulative Energy Demand (CED) might be seen as one part of LCA as far as the depletion of energy resources in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated assessment for wind energy in Lake Michigan coastal counties

    The benefits and challenges of onshore and offshore wind energy development were assessed for a four‐county area of coastal Michigan. Economic, social, environmental, and spatial dimensions were considered. The coastal counties have suitable wind resources for energy development which could contribute toward Michigan's ten percent renewable energy standard. Wind energy is cost‐effective with ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Prospects of wind energy in India

    This paper is a modest attempt to study the growth and performance of wind farms in India. India occupies the 5th place in the world in wind energy generation after Germany, the USA, Denmark and Spain, and has an installed capacity of more than 2485 MW of wind energy, comprising both commercial projects (2418 MW) and demonstration projects (65.415 MW) as of 31 March 2004. This paper discusses the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New methods for measuring the wind

    Although computer models of wind flow over terrain have improved dramatically in the past few years, there is still no substitute for data recorded at the site. So you want to build a wind farm. Good for you. With the global drive towards a low carbon economy, it is surely the right way to go for many individuals, companies and, indeed, Governments around the world. As information from the ...


  • Amassing Wind Information

    Wind is a variable resource, but not an indecipherable one. Second Wind encourages harnessing the full range of wind sensing technologies that are available today. When it comes to wind information, much attention is focused on the choice of wind measurement technology and data collection practices in wind resource assessment and project design. Right now, wind data plays a limited role in the ...


  • Interactive Resources Wins National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contract for Roof Structural Assessments for Installation of Solar Photovoltaic Arrays

    Richmond CA, October 19, 2010   – Richmond architecture and engineering firm Interactive Resources was recently awarded a contract by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to provide solar feasibility studies for 24 California K-12 school buildings in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. The Sequoia Foundation ...


    By Interactive Resources

  • Life cycle assessment of a 150 MW offshore wind turbine farm at Nysted/Roedsand, Denmark

    The purpose of this life cycle assessment (LCA) was to illuminate and describe the potential environmental impacts caused by an offshore wind turbine farm (WTF) throughout its lifetime and use this knowledge in the planning and improvement of future WTFs. The LCA was based on experience from the LCA on Danish electricity and district heating [1] as well as the offshore WTF project at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wind modelling based on wind input data conditions using Weibull distribution

    Weibull distribution can be used to model the wind speed distribution at a particular site and hence, it can help in wind resource assessment (WRA) of a site. By calculating the shape (k) and scale (c) parameters for Weibull distribution, the wind speed frequency curve for a site can be made. Once this wind speed distribution for site is determined, it can be convolved with the power curve for a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reducing avian collisions with wind turbines

    Wind is an important renewable energy source for Europe. The wind power capacity installed in 2014 could produce enough electricity to meet over 10% of the EU’s electricity consumption. However, wind power structures can also be harmful to birds, which can collide with turbines. This study assessed methods of reducing avian collisions with wind turbines and makes several practical ...

  • Experience with and strategies for public involvement in offshore wind projects

    The paper describes and analyses different models for public involvement, based on experience from offshore projects in Denmark (especially Middelgrunden) and Sweden (Karlskrona Vindkraft Offshore). The public likely to be concerned by offshore wind energy projects must be informed and consulted as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). However, as member states individually define ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of vertical wind shear in the Southern Great Plains and potential impacts on estimation of wind energy production

    This paper describes the analysis of near-surface wind speeds in Western Oklahoma. The goals of this research are to characterise the nocturnal low-level jet (LLJ) in the region, and to assess the impact wind variability, vertical shear and the LLJ on wind energy calculations. Results show the seasonal variability in wind characteristics as well as in the vertical wind shear, and also illustrate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA) – Boston and suburbs - Case Study

    The MWRA is a state government agency that provides wholesale water and sewer services to 2.5 million people and more than 5,500 large industrial users. It also monitors outflows in Cape Cod Bay and Boston Harbor using a range of advanced technologies. As an industrial user of electricity, agency officials are looking to reduce economic volatility from electricity costs and to improve energy ...

  • Assessing the Impacts of the Iran Nuclear Deal on Climate Change

    Introduction On July 14, 2015, the international economic boycott levied against Iran was scheduled to conclude. In concert with the European Union and the P5+1, the Islamic Republic agreed to a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) whereby its capacity for nuclear development would be dramatically curtailed. Among other requirements, Iran is mandated, for a period of 15 years, to ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Urban sustainability issues — Resource-efficient cities: good practice

    Our current pattern of resource use is leading to the depletion and, consequently, scarcity of natural resources (1), the degradation of ecosystems and volatile and increasing prices of natural resources. On a planet with finite resources, the challenge is to find a way of delivering greater value and more services with fewer inputs (EC, 2011a). Resources are defined as raw materials, such as ...

  • Pumped hydro storage softens blow of wind imbalance penalties

    Quarry Battery is developer of the £160 million ($249.2 million) Glyn Rhonwy pumped hydro facility in Wales which will be the UK’s first grid-scale electricity storage facility for decades. The facility will produce nearly 50 MW of electricity using pumped hydro technology. As more fossil fuel-fired generation is taken offline and wind capacity grows, grid operators will ask wind ...

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