Kinetics analysis of zinc sorption in fixed bed column using a strongly basic anionic exchange resin

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The aim of this study was to examine the capacity of anionic resins to remove zinc as zinc chloride complexes in fixed bed. The applicability of the kinetics models and the characteristics of the bed (sorption capacity, breakthrough curve, depth of the adsorption zone) were taken into account. The influence of the process parameters, such as resin quantity (bed height) and zinc initial concentration, on the removal process was also considered. The obtained results (Amberlite IRA410) were analyzed using sorption kinetic models such as Thomas, Adam-Bohart, and Clark, by linear regression analysis. Similarly, the concept of the mass transfer zone was applied in order to properly design the fixed bed adsorption process. By comparing various resins, the following series was depicted based on sorption capacities: Amberlite IRA410 > Purolite A103S > Purolite NRW700 > Purolite A400MBOH. The experimental data were in good agreement with the Clark model, while for the other models, lower correlation coefficients were obtained under the same experimental conditions. The MTZ height and rate of movement increased with increasing initial concentration.

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