Common land is an important aspect of the heritage of England and Wales, with value for its nature and landscape interest. Most common land is now subject to a right of access under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. But it is also subject to development pressure – from wind farms on the uplands to building on urban commons or village greens. The Commons Act 2006 (the Act) makes important changes to the ability to build on common land and to register village greens.
Modelling and optimization of land use/land cover change in a developing urban catchment
The impacts of land use/cover change (LUCC) on hydrological processes and water resources are mainly reflected in changes in runoff and pollutant variations. Low impact development (LID) technology is utilized as an effective strategy to control urban stormwater runoff and pollution in the urban catchment. In this study, the impact of LUCC on runoff and pollutants in an urbanizing catchment of Guang-Ming New District in Shenzhen, China, were quantified using a dynamic rainfall-runoff model with the EPA Storm...
Land recycling in Europe
Land take, or the change from non-artificial to artificial land cover, reflects on-going and often conflicting claims on land. Some of the land that is `taken` for urban development is covered with an impervious surface, which severely hampers ecosystem functioning and the related delivery of ecosystem services. However, when land is `recycled`, land that was developed in the past and has become available for redevelopment again is reused. Urban densification, or infilling, can also prevent the consumption of...
The direct and indirect impacts of EU policies on land
The 2011 Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe states, in its milestone of actions to address land as a resource, that `By 2020, EU policies take into account their direct and indirect impact on land use in the EU and globally …` (EC, 2011d). This report presents a methodology for the assessment of European Union (EU) policies in terms of their land-related implications in Europe and provides an initial testing of the methodology across key EU policies and two in-depth case studies, which focus on...
How to safely land a rocket on a floating drone
Space technologies are booming again. Several private enterprises keep making the news with reports that they`ve hit yet another milestone. The latest development comes from Elon Musk`s SpaceX. The Falcon 9 is the first rocket that was able to land on the surface of the earth after deploying a satellite in orbit. On the other hand, Blue Origin had its reusable launch system, New Shepard, perform a successful take off that reached outer space (100.5 km/330,000 ft). Both innovations use different approaches than...
Copernicus: new horizons for European and global land monitoring
How can we monitor Europe-wide farmland biodiversity so that it makes sense to farmers, is ecologically credible and still is affordable? Two new studies published in the Journal of Applied Ecology and the Journal of Environmental Management think it is possible. These studies were conducted by international groups of scientists including Alterra. Combining stakeholder priorities for biodiversity indicators with ecological significance, researchers find that a European farmland biodiversity monitoring scheme is...