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Linking sanitation and wastewater treatment (WST)

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In both developed and developing countries, centralised and on-site wastewater treatment systems have been developed for a long time. The main function of the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) should be removal of pollutants including organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Technologies applied to WWTPs are mostly with biological functions such as activated sludge, stabilization reservoir, oxidation ponds, rotating biological contactor (RBC), waste stabilization pond (WSP, normal, hybrid and complete), continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), stabilisation lagoon, wastewater stabilization reservoir, aerated lagoon, and constructed wetland.

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