Keywords: innovation, local knowledge, communities, community alliances, constructing advantage
Local knowledge and the strategy of constructing advantage: the role of community alliances
Economic growth is local. Communities drive the prosperity of nations. They attract and retain foreign direct investment and creative, talented, people. Institutions are key, from government labs, firms (small and large), universities, agencies providing community services – including safe schools, health services, athletic facilities such as running and biking tracks – and so on. This paper takes these observations, moves conceptually beyond Ricardian 'comparative advantage' and neo-Porterian 'competitive advantage' and – using new information from a number of cities – develops the notion of 'constructed advantage'.