Keywords: industrial solid waste, waste management, environmental protection, hazardous waste, environmental pollution, Vietnam, environmental performance, industrial zones, law, regulations, landfills
Managing environmental performance in industrial zones: case studies in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Using government records, data from hazardous waste treatment companies, and on–site surveys, we evaluated the effectiveness of the current industrial solid waste management system in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), which was established according to the revised Law on Environmental Protection of 2005 and related regulations. In addition, we examined the relationship between the management system and environmental compliance by companies. Attention was paid to the classification of industrial solid waste, its amount finally disposed, and the cost of its disposal in HCMC. The results showed: one, the incoherence of the revised law and regulations in solid waste management caused serious pressure on landfills, and two, the implementation of the regulations has been neglected at all aspects of the current management system due to low levels of companies' registration and reporting, as well as low levels of compliance among companies in industrial zones. A solution for dealing with the current problems is proposed.