With the goal of improving air quality in urban areas of the Shanxi province, the Shanxi Environment Information Centre (SEIC) and the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), cooperated in the development of master plans for the cities of Taiyuan, Datong and Yangquan. The cost benefit analysis clearly shows that reducing pollution from centralized heating is the most effective alternative.
With funding from the Shanxi Provincial Government and The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), SEIC and NILU worked together in the period 2001 – 2005.
The project objective was to find ways of improving air quality in urban areas to satisfy official Chinese air quality standards no later than 2015.
Using NILU´s Air Quality Management and Information System (AirQUIS) as the basic tool, a total of 2350 polluting sources were investigated in the three cities.
After a thorough study of measurements, sources, emissions, dispersion and human exposure, the partners were, via air pollution modelling results, able to present a complete cost benefit analysis to the Shanxi Provincial Government.
Emission scenarios and cost-benefit analysis show that action plans should be based on:
Natural gas utilization
Clean coal technologies
Implementation of productivity policies,
Improved desulfuration in power plants
Another part of the project was the training of local experts in the use of AirQUIS. The system will be the corner stone of future environmental impact assessments and air quality planning in the Shanxi region.
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