John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

MEASURING BIOCONCENTRATION FACTORS IN FISH USING EXPOSURE TO MULTIPLE CHEMICALS AND INTERNAL BENCHMARKING TO CORRECT FOR GROWTH DILUTION

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Modern chemical legislation requires the measurement of the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of large numbers of chemicals in fish. The BCF needs to be corrected for growth dilution as fish growth rates vary between laboratories. Two hypotheses were tested: (1) BCFs of multiple chemicals can be measured simultaneously in one experiment, and (2) internal benchmarking using a conservative test substance in the chemical mixture can be used to correct for growth dilution. Bioconcentration experiments were conducted following major elements of the OECD 305 guideline. Fish were simultaneously exposed to 11 chemicals selected to cover a range of BCFs and susceptibility to biotransformation. A method was developed to calculate the growth‐corrected elimination rate constant from the concentration ratio of the analyte and a benchmarking chemical for which growth dilution dominated other elimination mechanisms. This method was applied to the experimental data using hexachlorobenzene as the benchmarking chemical. The growth dilution correction lowered the apparent elimination rate constants by between 5% and a factor of four for eight chemicals, while for two chemicals the growth‐corrected elimination rate constant was not significantly different from zero. The benchmarking method reduced the uncertainty in the elimination rate constant compared to the existing method for growth dilution correction. The BCFs from exposing fish to 10 chemicals at once were consistent with BCF values from single‐chemical exposures from the literature, supporting hypothesis 1. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. © 2012 SETAC

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