This paper presents a set of SD indicators for mining with a specific focus on the extraction of industrial minerals. The proposed metrics are based on the International Council of Mining and Metals 10 SD Principles and are organised into a mining life cycle framework that includes four stages: 1) exploration and mining; 2) processing; 3) transportation and logistics; 4) markets. The goal of the proposed metric is to provide a standardised but flexible format that can be broadly applied across a range of industrial minerals. A key aspect of this approach is that it ensures a standardised framework while offering the option of tailoring the individual indicators to meet the needs of and maintain relevancy for specific minerals that may not fit a single set of indicators.
Keywords: mining, industrial minerals, life cycle analysis, sustainability, environmental impacts.