The continuous TOC analysis of industrial waste water is known to be problematic especially, when the TOC analyser is used as a spill monitor for heavily polluted waste water containing a high-load of particles. Thus, most operators require analysers that enable accurate TOC (total organic carbon) measurements. But do they really get those? Common analysers suffer from clogging and blockages due to their measuring techniques using tubes and valves. They require pre-treatment and/ or even filtration of the sample. However, any pre-treatment or filtration will affect the analysers' measuring results. Removing particles means removing carbons and, hence, an inaccurate measurement. In stead of total organic carbon the analyser determines only some organic carbon.
Waste water, especially industrial waste water, is the most challenging water for instrumentation. Mostly, this water is characterized by highly fluctuating loads, very high salt concentrations as well as a high particle density. Hence, the accurancy and speed of measurements depends on the measurement system itself and the oxidation technique used. Obviously, application-specific analyzers provide huge advantages against standard analyzers that are used for all applications.
Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study
Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which refers to a group of carbon-based compounds found in natural water systems formed by the decomposition of organic materials...
PeCOD® Case Study: 15 Sewer Use By-Law Monitoring: Batch Release Tracing City of Austin, Texas
Municipal wastewater treatment plants are designed to process a calculated range of organic loading in the raw influent. The calculation of this loading is based on characteristics of the plant’s region, such as population and industry type. Organic loading is most often quantified by the concentration of parameters such as Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Total Organic Carbon (TOC), and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). These parameters all sum a specific aspect of the organic...
peCOD is the New NOM Monitoring Tool for Measuring Organic Reactivity - Case Study
Natural organic matter (NOM) is a critical parameter for measuring drinking water quality. Levels of NOM are associated with taste, odour, colour, chemical treatment dosage, and disinfectant by-product (DBP) formation. There are several tools accepted by drinking water quality experts which are used to evaluate NOM: total organic carbon (TOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV254, and specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA). Depending on the type of organics in the water, not all tools are suitable for measuring...
TOC analyzer for airports
During winter, de-icing processes at airports necessitate storm water and de-icing water management. Especially due to adhesive (sticky) substances, strongly fluctuating concentrations and a lot of chemicals, the monitoring systems itself must be tailor-made to fight this water analysis challenge. LAR `s QuickTOCairport is an application-specific online total organic carbon (TOC) analyzer that meets these tough requirements. The sample is injected via a robot-driven injection system to the oven – without...
Real Time TOC Analysis in Steam and Condensate
Executive Summary Steam in petro/chemical plants could be contaminated with hydrocarbons (TOC = Total Organic Carbons) from various sources. In any case this is a sign for defects in the process, whether it they occur in the heat exchanger, the blow down vessel, the condensate recovery or other parts of the system. Conventional solutions to monitor such contaminations use TOC- analyzers that have been developed for water (drinking water, waste water, boiler feed water,...). This paper presents a solution that...