Methods for Removing Signal Noise from Helicopter Electromagnetic Survey Data
A geophysical analysis was conducted over the abandoned T&T subsurface mines and portions of the Muddy and Roaring Creek watersheds in northeastern Preston County, West Virginia. The data were collected using helicopter-borne measurements of frequency-domain electromagnetic (FDEM) conductivity (390, 1555, 6254, 25,800, and 102,680 Hz). Noise was a significant issue in the lowest frequency EM conductivity data, especially the 390 Hz and 1555 Hz data, noise removal was accomplished by standard spatial frequency filtering, using homomorphic filters and Fourier filtering along individual flight lines. We interpret the filtered FDEM apparent conductivities and apparent resistivities as showing regions of potential mine pools and regions of contrasting groundwater conductivity related to discharge.