Mixed oxidant technology treats water in Rwanda01

Plagued by a legacy of civil war, ethnic genocide and the HIV/AIDS epidemic, many rural communities in Rwanda lack access to adequate drinking water. Although many inhabitants purify water by boiling, this time-consuming and energy-intensive practice is impractical for most.

A water and power utility provides drinking water to the capital, Kigali City, and all urban centers of Rwanda, while rural areas are supplied by natural springs or surface water sources. In many rural areas of the country, taps are accessible every few kilometers along most major and secondary roads, but water quality is inconsistent.

Furthermore, despite the wide availability of piped water, much is still collected from rivers and streams and there are a variety of concerns with the water quality in the region, including pathogenic bacteria, viruses and protozoa. Not all residents can afford or have access to the wood or charcoal needed to boil water, so the risk of infection is high.

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