John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Modeling the PCB transfer into hen eggs: Influence of physiological characteristics of the animal

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Laying hens are likely to be exposed to a wide range of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs). In order to improve the safety of poultry farming systems regarding POPs, our research has focused on assessing the impact of physiological characteristics of the hen on the transfer of ingested PCBs to eggs. Modeling was used as a research tool to explore the impact of some physiological characteristics on the transfer of PCBs in the laying hen. The mathematical model simulates the dynamics of the size of the lipid compartments in the animal and the frequency of laying. The PCB concentrations in egg yolk and adipose tissue are model outputs. Simulations were run to assess effects of animal characteristics on the transfer of PCBs to eggs. Laying rate proportionally influenced the PCB level of eggs and of adipose tissue at steady state. Body fat diluted absorbed PCBs in absence of laying and significantly influenced the decontamination rate of tissues during depuration subsequent to an exposure period. Applying this model to actual exposure cases highlights its value in improving support risk management in livestock farming. Environ Toxicol Chem © 2014 SETAC

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